"The first John Hause was born in Germany in the year 1690, and when an infant, on account of Religious Persecutions, he was transported by his 'cousin', Queen Mary II, of Great Britain, House of Stuart, Daughter of James II and Anne Hyde, born 1662, married William, Prince of Orange at the age of 17, reigning 15 years, and died in 1694 of Small Pox, leaving no children. A kind, meek, and noble Queen."
—Sketch compiled by Alfred Hause in 1904, based on notes by Lewis K. Hause and the Family Bible of Joseph Hause of Ovid, New York.

Article
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Name:Hause, Alfred; Hawes, James P
Newspaper:Watkins Express
City:Watkins Glen, Schuyler, NY
Date:21 Jul 1904
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View Newspaper
SOURCE: Watkins Express, Watkins Glen, Schuyler, New York. Publisher: L.M. Gano. Dates of publication: 1854-1988; -v. 129, no. 23 (June 8, 1988). Frequency: Weekly (Old Fulton New York Postcards)
   Now that we have finished updating The House Family of the Mohawk to modern day, I have a confession to make. I have been working on thise family's history for ten years and every genealogist I talk to traces us back to the same place. But here's my secret shame, my dirty little secret: I don't know if I'm actually related to Johann Christian Hauß. Can you believe it? All this work, and I still can't tell you. I've tried family historians, professional German genealogists, DNA tests, but none of them can give me definitive proof of my ancestry. (Heck, the German genealogist couldn't even find proof of Johann Christian Hauß!)
   I have two problems in confirming the lineage: The spelling of my family's name is totally different from every other Hauß descendant (in fact, it's a British spelling, connected to an unrelated family that I can't prove any relation to); and nobody can prove the family history. Here is what has been handed down:

"The family of Hawes, or Hause at it is quite often spelled, is one of the few in our country which have a matter of record genealogy extending far back in the centuries. Through the efforts of Alfred B. Hause of Ovid and Dr. James Hause of Valois the family line has been carried back to 1690 when the John Hause to whom they trace was an infant born in Germany and cousin of Queen Mary II of Great Britain."
—"Watkins Express", Watkins Glen, Schuyler, NY, 21 Jul 1904.


The grave of Electa Ann Hause.
   In the early 1970s, my family received a form letter in the mail. It was written by a genealogist researching the "John Hause" family. Up to this point, our family had never really talked about our origins. Here was the sum total of our knowledge: My father had been told by his grandfather that a Hause was the first sheriff of Jamestown, and that another Hause had died from leaning too far back in his chair, falling backwards, when the wooden backing pierced his heart (which I was pretty sure was just an invented story to keep me from leaning back in my chair). Beyond that, I didn't know the names of any ancestors beyond my great-grandfather, who had just passed away and, obviously, couldn't fill me in as to their identities.
   I read the form letter with great relish, despite my parents telling me that it had probably been sent out to hundreds of other people, and that the people it mentioned would be distantly related to me, at best. It was written by a descendant of a woman named Electa Hause (who I would find out many years later was my 4th great grand aunt). It went on to say that she was descended from "John Hause," a German cousin to Queen Mary II of England, who had sent him to America to avoid religious persecution. It was a thrilling story for a young boy—to imagine lineage to actual royalty—but as to its accuracy, after years of family research... I can now conclude that I'm not the first writer in my family to create fiction.¹

"The Doctor has had the genealogy of the Western New York branch put in print for distribution among his kinsfolk of the name."
—"Watkins Express", Watkins Glen, Schuyler, NY, 21 Jul 1904.

Correspondence
File Image
From:   Alfred B. Hause
To:   James Dwight Hause
Subject:   Hause Family History
Date:   January 28, 1904
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SOURCE: Collection of Stephen Hause.
   The source of this legend can be traced to my second cousin, five times removed, named Alfred Hause (1858-1916), who created a family history in the early 1900s along with another 2nd cousin 5x removed, named James P Hawes (17 March 1839 - 24 Feb 1915) of Varion, Hector, Schuyler County, NY, and my 2nd cousin 4x removed, James Dwight Hause (1866-1946) of Michigan,³ based on materials that he said were sketches of family members by his uncle, Lewis K. Hause (born 6 Aug 1818, and my first cousin, six times removed) during the 1850s, and recollections of the family bible of Albert's grandfather (and my 5th great grand uncle), Joseph Hause, Sr. (1787-1838). But the family history printed by James Hause hasn't been found, the family Bible and the family history written by Lewis are now lost, as well, so the accuracy of these recollections can't be confirmed. So, in order to prove them, we'll need to consult historical records.
   First, this account claims that we are German, but family records seem evenly split between ancestors saying we are German, and the other half saying we're British:

EVIDENCE THAT WE'RE ACTUALLY BRITISH:

  • "Father was English, mother was Dutch."—Passage from a letter by Carolyn Hause Gage (1814-1916), granddaughter of William Hause, to to James Dwight Hause (1866-1946) charting the Hause family history, February, 1901.
  • "He is descended from a long line of English ancestry on his paternal side, and has inherited just enough of German blood on his maternal side, to make him one of the most quiet and substantial men in the House."—Profile of Alvin C. Hause (1814-1866), grandson of William Hause (1750-1818) in Biographical Sketches of the State Officers and Members of the Legislature of the State of New York in 1862 and '63, by WM. D. Murphy. Albany: Printed for the Author, 1863; P. 176, 177.

EVIDENCE THAT WE'RE ACTUALLY GERMAN:

  • "As far as can be traced John Hause is the first of the family that can be found it is ascertained that he was a german of full blood and that the correct orthography of his name was H-a-u-s-e."—Genealogical record of Lewis K Hause (1818-1870), grandson of William Hause, per a letter by Alfred Hause.
  • "Pawling ... served as colonel of a regiment of Swiss raised to protect the New York frontier."—William Hause's regiment as described in "History of Rensselaer Co., New York", by Nathaniel Bartlett Sylvester, 1880.
  • "He was born of Dutch parents in the town of Warwick, Orange Co. N.Y."—Profile of Charles Hause (1799-1885) in a Seneca County newspaper, March, 1885.

"As far as can be traced John Hause is the first of the family that can be found it is ascertained that he was a german of full blood and that the correct orthography of his name was H-a-u-s-e."
—Lewis K. Hause, quoted @ 1850 in a letter from Alfred Hause to James D. Hause, 28 Jan 1904.


Bauer und Bauerin als Brautleute, 1699. (SOURCE: Handbuch der Deutschen Tracht, by Friedrich Hottenroth. Publisher: Stuttgart, Gustav Weise [1895]

   Although the above account claims that John was from Germany, there was no country by that name in 1690. There were instead hundreds of smaller states in the area, making up the Holy Roman Empire. As a refugee from that area, John would have been called "Swiss" or "Dutch" or a "Palatine," which were general catch-all slang terms for people from that area at the time. Therefore, we can assume that the account of John being German was written much later; and the notion that John and his family were "cousins" to the Stuarts seems very dubious—they would have been very distant cousins, at best, for a couple of reasons: First, no genealogies are more researched and picked-over than Royal genealogies, and no genealogist has ever recorded a Hauß as being related to a Royal family. The only name coming close to ours in the Stuarts' official Palatine family line is "Van Hessen," but that family's connection to us is doubtful. Second, in this story, John sailed to a harsh Colonial frontier—hardly the place a queen would send her infant cousin. So the most likely reason that John was called a "cousin" to Queen Mary in the family history is because the lord (or graf) that John served under was a cousin to the Queen.
   We know that Queen Mary was cousin to the Dukes of Solms, through her marriage to William III of Orange (the grandson of Amalia of Solms-Braunfels). Because of this, many family genealogists have concluded that John Hause is actually JOHANNES HAUß, the son of JOHANN CHRISTIAN HAUß, who was born around 1690 in Großaltenstädten, and traveled to the New World with his father and siblings. It makes sense because all family sources say this John Hause was from what is now Germany, and there weren't a lot of people from that area in the British Colony of New York in the late 17th and early 18th Centuries. "Johannes" is the German equivalent of "John." As for the difference in the spelling of the last name, the Hauß name was (and still is) subject to many spelling variations in English, because there's no letter equivalent to "ß." The name anglicized by British Colonial clerks and census takers as "Haub," "Hauss," "Haus," "House," and, in English-speaking areas like Haverstraw, "Hawes" and "Hause." But, the truth is, because the spellings are so arbitrary, it's impossible to connect our line to a particulor ancestor by name alone. We could be from any of these:


Hauß

German Line⁴


Hauss

French/Norman Line⁵


Hause

British Line⁶

   The problem is that there is very little evidence of a John or a Johannes in the public record beyond just the name, and there are barely any documents surviving with even that. So, on the plus side, any and all family legends can be applied to him without fear of contradiction; on the downside, there's no way to prove that they're true. so this would fit into the Johannes Hauß story quite conveniently. But then we have to ask when, how and why did the story change?
   One important reason why we can't find records is that nobody in our Hause line could even write until the late eighteenth century, so a hundred and fifty years and five or six generations could have passed between the time that our ancestors first came to America and when the first written account of our family appeared. Any family histories handed down through the generations up to that point would have been delivered orally, with each teller trying to remember the story as recited from the previous generation (and maybe adding a little personal flair). So you can imagine how much the story changed over the years as it was handed down. We can assume that many details were either fudged or forgotten—and more action, intrigue and melodrama was probably added to thrill the kiddies at bedtime.
   For example, if we use the true story of Johann Christian Hauß and his six sons escaping famine, wars, and religious persecution by way of the Great Palatine Migration in 1709, sponsored by England's Queen Anne (a cousin of the Duke who ruled in Johann's area)—then it's easy to see how when it was passed down orally from one generation to the next over a hundred and fifty years, it became, "The first John Hause was born in Germany in the year 1690, and when an infant, on account of Religious Persecutions, he was transported by his 'cousin', Queen Mary II, of Great Britain, House of Stuart, Daughter of James ll and Anne Hyde, born 1662, married William, Prince of Orange at the age of 17, reigning 15 years, and died in 1694 of Small Pox, leaving no children. A kind, meek, and noble Queen."
   I'm sure the children hearing this account from their grandmother or grandfather around the family fire in the nineteenth century were spellbound. (Hey, it's thrilling to me, too, until I remember that it isn't true!) You can see how the story changed:

  • Biblical drama was added—20-year-old Johannes somehow became a baby during an emigration that actually happened in 1709, in a Moses-inspired flight from the evil rulers. (The real reason was more economic than religious.)
  • Royal intrigue was then added by making Johannes the 'cousin' of Queen Mary II. (The reality was that the area's ruler was the actual cousin. Johannes was emigrating as the son of an indentured servant to England, not a relative to the queen.¹
  • Pathos was added as the "kind, meek and noble Queen" died of Small Pox. (The reality was she was already dead during the migration, which was carried out by her sister, Anne.)

   The sad fact is that much of our family history has been lost, forgotten, or in some unfortunate cases, even swept under the rug over the centuries. You can see the predicament for our ancestors as they tried to be part-time genealogists: They wouldn't have had access to census rolls or land grants. With only fifth-and-sixth generation oral accounts of events that happened two hundred years before—recollections of recollections of recollections—they had to guess, assume, and create a family history as best they could, and through this process, many myths developed.⁷


"New and Exact Map of the Dominions of the King of Great Britain on ye Continent of North America, containing New Foundland, New Scotland, New England, New York, New Jersey, Pensilvania, Maryland, Virginia and Carolina, according to the Newest and most Exact Observations By Herman Moll, Geographer," created in 1715. (Click here to enlarge.)

"John Hause, born 1690, lived in New York until his marriage in 1715 to Sarah Allen, a woman of fine English Blood. After his marriage, he removed to Haverstraw, Rockland Co., New York."
—From the Genealogy of John Hause Descendants, compiled by Alfred B. Hause in 1904.


Allen
   Records of John (or Johannes) in New York are sparse. One reason for this may have been that he was off performing military duty, as a "Jno. House" appears on a 1713 muster roll for Colonel Richard Ingoldesby's Company of Grenadiers, from October 25 to December 24th. Then, according to the previously cited family histories, Johannes married SARAH ALLEN, "a woman of fine English blood," from a prominent family in Haverstraw, in the year 1715. But even being of "fine English blood" didn't help a woman much back then. Colonial America was a hierarchical society in which women were totally subordinate to men. They were not expected to run businesses or to follow professions. They could not vote or hold public office or sit on a jury. They were, for the most part, denied education beyond the skills they would need in their own households. Married women could not own property in their own names. So even though Johannes was just a poor Palatine refugee as opposed to Sarah, descended from British nobility, Johannes was still the boss of the family.
   John and Sarah lived a few miles from Sleepy Hollow, which was later the locale of Washington Irving's tale of Ichabod Crane and the Headless Horseman. (If you read in the "Allen" family history, you will see that descendants of Sarah's family were possibly the inspiration for the story's characters of Brom Bones—the villain—and the girl he and Ichabod Crane were fighting over, named Katerina.)
   John and Sarah raised six children, which was actually a small amount of kids for a woman to have at the time. This was because men outnumbered women six to one in some colonies. With so few women and so many men, almost all of the women married very early. This extended the years in which women could bear children, and so they could expect to bear an average of eight. Sarah got off relatively light:

CHILDREN OF JOHANNES HAUS AND SARAH ALLEN

  • SIMON HAUSE was born in 1717. Simon lived on the New York/New Jersey border, near Haverstraw. On the 19th of August, 1763, he leased farmland near his brother, John, on the Romopock (Ramapo) patent (source: The Minutes of the Board of Proprietors of the Eastern Division of New Jersey, Vol. 3, from 1745 to 1764, p. 403). He may have died in the battle of White Plains during the Revolutionary War. (The 1795 will of John Hause lists a Simon Hause' son, John, according to Early Orange County Wills, published by the Orange County Genealogical Society, Goshen, NY, 1991.)
  • JOHN HAUSE was born in 1719, according to notes by Alfred Hause written in 1904, and based on notes by Lewis K. Hause and a family bible dating back to 1850. A "John Haues" was listed in an 1738 muster for the "Militia of the Wall a Kill" under Captain John Byard. John married a woman named Sarah, like his mother, and died either at the battle of White Plains, or in 1795, leaving this will.
  • CATHERINE HAUSE was born in 1723. She married Andrew Secor in 1744.⁸ Possible matches for Andrew: A 3-year-old "Andrew Sycar" emigrated to America with his family by ship in 1710; an Andrew Daniel Secor, born 3/6/1758, entered service in Revolutionary War at Haverstraw, NY, m. Catherine "Hayes" (b. 29 Dec 1751 in Albany); He is listed in the 1790 census as Andrew Secor of Stillwater, Albany, New York. Later, he moved to Berne, NY with family and cousin Issac Secor, and is still living there in 1840, at the age of 87. Andrew and Catherine had the following children: Andrew R (1776 - 1862), Jesse (b. 1782), and Simon (1786 - 1850). Catherine Secor died on 9 Mar 1842 in East Berne, Albany Co., New York, and is buried at the Second Reformed Church.
  • JOHANNA HAUSE was born in 1725.
  • SALLY HAUSE was born in 1728. Married Amos Conklin in 1748. They had the following children: Johanna, John, Hannah, and Sally. A Conklin is listed as a highwaymaster in a 1770 Haverstraw town meeting, just below John Hause. The 1790 Federal Census lists an "Amos Conkling" in Haverstraw, Orange, New York. In 1800, an "Amos Concklin" residing in Clarks, Rockland, New York. The 1810 U.S. Census has two Amos Conklins residing in the area: One in Monroe, Orange, New York, and the other in Phillips, Dutchess, New York. Both residences have the head couples listed as over the age of 45.
  • WILLIAM HAUSE was born in 1730. No further information.
  •    The John Hause legend has John and Sarah moving to Haverstraw, in southeastern New York, north of the New Jersey-New York border, west of the Hudson River, after 1715. But the 1720 Albany County Census lists a "Jnr. Hoose" about 90 miles away, in the town of Claverack, near Kinderhook. Mr. "Hoose" was living near Evert Wheeler (spelled "Wieler"), the grandfather of Johannes' future grandaughter-in-law, and a lot of "Van Alen" families (a variation of "Allen"): Peter, Johannis, Luykas, Jacobus, Evert, and Stephanis, each with their own families—possibly among them a sister or daughter whom had become John's bride, Sarah (or "Zarah").
       By the mid-eighteenth century, we know that the family of Rheinhardt Haus (and possibly his brother, Elias) was also in the area of Haverstraw, having migrated up from Hackensack, New Jersey. (At this point the Hauß members were easy to trace, but within a couple of decades, each son would have numerous kids, and those kids would have more, all using variations of "John," "Johann," "Rheinhardt," "George," etc., and telling which is which starts to become impossible.) So we have evidence that John Hause and the Palatine Haus family were living in the same town, at least.

    Research Document
    Image
    Name: Haus genealogy, 1600-1918
    Collection of: Grace Stubbs Rice
    Research by: Melvin Rhodes Shaver and Frank D. Duel
    Year: 1933
    Compiled by: N. Dean, June, 1980
    View .html file
    View .pdf file
    SOURCE INFORMATION: © 2002 Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library: Carl A. Kroch Library, Ithaca, NY 14853-5302
       Henry Hudson is credited as the first European to explore the area. In 1609, Hudson, under commission to the Dutch East India Company, sailed up the river which would one day bear his name. He anchored in the widest point in the river, off what is now known as Haverstraw. He mistakenly assumed that he had found the legendary "Northwest Passage" to India, and he continued his voyage upstream to Albany before he realized his mistake and headed for home.
       Early attempts to settle the county by the Dutch were generally unsuccessful, and in 1664 they handed the territory over to the English. In 1686, the Duke of York, later to become King James II of England, established the county system and designated the area as "Orange County." The precinct of Haverstraw was established there in 1719. There had been just 439 inhabitants living in in the area in 1712, but under British rule the population increased dramatically to 1,969 by 1731. Whether Johannes was a carpenter, farmer or miller—the three strongest trades in the area—is unknown (although you had to be proficient at all three to survive a winter in that area). Travel was largely confined to Indian trails by land and sloops by the Hudson River. The Ramapo Mountains were hard to cross, and it would be many years before adequate roads could be built. But considering that Johannes was raised in the Rhine region of the Palatinate, he was probably better prepared than most to work in that environment.

    "A Johannes Haus was naturalized August 27, 1721 and we have no further record of him."
    —"The House Family of the Mohawk," by Melvin Rhodes Shaver. Publisher: St. Johnsville: Enterprise, 1933. Chapter 1, Page 4

    Book Information
    Book Image
    Name: Colonial Laws of New York, Vol. II
    Editor: Lincoln, Charles Z.; Wm. H. Johnson; A.J. Northrup
    Chapter: 418
    Subject: Naturalization of Johannus Hausz
    Publisher: James B. Lyon, State Printer, Albany
    Year: 1894
    View Book
    The Colonial Laws of New York from the Year 1664 to the Revolution. Transmitted to the legislature by the Commissioners of Statutory Revision, Pursuant to Chapter 125 of the Laws of 1891.

       "Johannus Hausz" was Naturalized in New York City as a citizen of the British Empire on July 27, 1721. This meant he could now buy and sell land. (With British citizenship and an English wife, it's no wonder that later descendants assumed the Hause family was completely British.) Now the Hauß family was officially out of bondage to Hunter, Livingston, and the other Palatine exploiters. Their destiny would finally be their own.
       But beyond that record, the lack of historical documentation for Johannes (or John) is striking: There's no marriage record of him with Sarah Allen in Haverstraw (or any record of an Allen family, for that matter); There are no deeds, no church baptisms... and that naturalization record is just as likely to be another "Johannes House," (or in one translation, "Hose"), who married Annetje Crose in 1721 in New York City.⁹
       Furthermore, his father, Johann Christian Hauß, and his brother, Johann Rheinhardt Hauß, are both recorded in the Hunter subsistence records, but not Johannes—and Hunter was careful about those records, because he expected repayment per head for any and all expenses that the Hauß family would have incurred. With that in mind, it would seem that if there was another son as old as Rheinhardt (and he would have to be in order to marry in 1715, like Rheinhardt did), that his name should have appeared somewhere on those lists. So this has created several theories by amateur genealogists that I have read:

    THE "JOHN IS REALLY JOHANN CHRISTIAN HAUß" THEORY:

    • "The first John Hause," who "was born in Germany in the year 1690," was actually JOHANN CHRISTIAN HAUß (who, after all, is the real 'John the First', born in Germany around the year 1670).
    • John, who "when an infant, on account of Religious Persecutions, he was transported by his 'cousin', Queen Mary ll, of Great Britain, House of Stuart, Daughter of James ll and Anne Hyde, born 1662," is actually Johann Christian Hauß, who was part of the large Palatine emigration sponsored by Queen Anne, the cousin of the Duke of Solms.
    • That John Hause, who "lived in New York until his marriage in 1715" was actually Johann Christian Hauß, who lived in New York until he remarried in 1711... or JOHANN RHEINHARDT HAUß, who married sometime around 1715, and moved south into the New York/New Jersey area where our next ancestors lived.
    • That "Sarah Allen, a woman of fine English Blood" was actually SARAH WHEELER from the next generation in our genealogy, who married Johannes Haus and was part-English.
    • The information that, "After his marriage, he removed to Haverstraw, Rockland Co., New York" was just written to explain how the family had moved to Haverstraw two generations later, because there were no actual record to reveal how they got there.

    THE "JOHN IS REALLY JOHANN RHEINHARDT HAUß" THEORY:

    • After Hunter's pine tar project was halted on September of 1712, RHEINHARDT HAUß took his wife, Anna Elisabeth their one child to New Jersey, settling at Hackensack. The "Simmendinger Register" lists Rheinhardt as living near the children of his stepmother, the Beckers—but calls him "Hans Rheinhard Husz!" Hans is a derivative of Johann!
    • Rheinhardt's church even records him as "Johann Rheinhardt."
    • The Lutheran Church of New York City recorded the baptism of 9 week-old "Johannes Haus," on the 29th of May in 1726 to Reinhard Hauss and his wife, Anna Elizabeth; Then, 21 years later, Rheinhardt and Anna Elizabeth were listed as the sponsors of Elizabeth Haus, child of Johannes Haus and Sarah Wheeler.
    • According to church records, Rheinhardt and his family ended up in Orange County, New York, where the John Hause line first appeared.
    • Most Hause family genealogies list the first son of John Hause as the Johannes Haus who married Sarah Wheeler... but that would be improbable, because it was Rheinhardt who was the witness at the baptisms of their children Elizabeth (1747) and Rheinhardt (1754)... with no John or Sarah Allen ever being present for any of the baptisms!

       First, it has to be remembered that the records of Haverstraw are mostly lost.¹⁰ Secondly, the mortality rate in Colonial times was incredibly high. 45 years was considered a long life. By the time that John III had children, Johannes and Sarah Allen would've been well past that, in their fifties (They would have been about eighty when the last Elisabeth Hause was born, in 1769). It was very common at the time for relatives to carry on the work of raising and educating the children at the request of the deceased, so it actually would have been natural for Rheinhardt to step in as the head of Johannes' family... or not.. Is your head hurting, too?

    THE LEGEND COULD STILL BE TRUE, BECAUSE:

    • JOHANNES HAUß (John II) and his wife had passed on or moved away by the time of these baptisms of their grandchildren (there are some hints in old 19th Century Hause family correspondence that John and Sarah could have even gone back to England—see Alfred Hause in Chapter 7).
    • Johannes' brother, RHEINHARDT HAUß, as the eldest living Haus, stepped in to fulfill the 'sponsor' role in the baptism of Johannes Haus' grandchildren.
    • Johannes and Rheinhardt both had a son named Johannes within a few years of each other. (Actually, this is very possible, as for a couple of hundred years, "Johannes" or "John" was the most popular name in the Hause family, by far.)
    • Both of these third generation Johannes Hauses, one through Johannes Haus and one through Rheinhardt Hauß, married a girl named Sarah in the same area.
    • Just a thought: Maybe Johannes Haus and Sarah Allen were the sponsors of JOHANN #4, listed above, but the person recording the christening in the church book didn't include them, as there was already enough confusion with two Johannes' (father and son) and one Sarah (the mother)... I don't know... I'm trying to make this work!

       Still, even with all this evidence (or more precisely, the lack of it), I'm not prepared to say the family bibles are wrong. There really were Secord and Conklin families living in the area, and they supposedly allied with the John Hause family through marriage to his children (although I can't find any records of those marriages, either³). On the other hand, the Conklins and Secords were heavily allied with the Wood family, and intermarried throughout the 18th Century. Martha Wood, who married John's grandson, William E. Hause, had a sister, Susanna, marry a Conklin, and a brother, Joseph, who married a Conklin and a Secord, so the families are obviously closew. Our first confirmed ancestor, William, did in fact fight alongside Secord and Conklin in his militia in the Revolution, but there's no mention anywhere of them being related. But answering these questions is going to take a little more research, a few new discoveries, and a lot of luck to solve. (See "False Leads and Myths.") But here's a possible clue:

    Personal Information
    Deed Image
    Grantee: House, Johannes
    Granter:House, Rinert Sr.
    Township:Haverstraw (present-day Clarkstown)
    County:Orange (present-day Rockland)
    Province:New York
    Date:3 Apr 1756
    Price:$100, "hand-paid"
    Image
    Personal Information
    Road Registration
    Name: Hause, John
    Township: Haverstraw (present-day Clarkstown)
    County: Orange (present-day Rockland)
    Province: New York
    Date: 3 Apr 1770
    Job: Highway master for ye Road from (?) (?) along under the mountain
    Image
    SOURCE INFORMATION: Clerk's Office, town of Clarkstown, Rockland Co., NY; 10 Maple Avenue, New City, NY 10956 (845) 639-2000. Website

       Above are the minutes from a Haverstraw town meeting on 3 Apr 1756, showing a sale of land from Rheinhardt House, Sr., to a Johannes House, followed by the minutes from exactly 14 years later, on 3 Apr 1770, in which a "John Hause" was named highwaymaster for a road running to "the mountain," at the end of the town's jurisdiction, next to the Conklin family. Are "Johannes House" and "John Hause" the same man? Or were they just neighbors in Haverstraw whose names were confused by family genealogists in the 19th and 20th Centuries? Johannes Hauss would have been about 80, according to most genealogists, so is this man in 1770 his son, or this man, who was renting land in Ramapo, on the New York/New Jersey border in 1756, near his brother, Simon? WHO IS JOHN HAUSE?
       My solution was to break the family history in half. The first part of the story of Johann Christian Hauß and his descendants, a family I might be related to, whose story is well worth telling, anyway. It ends with a man names Johannes Haus, who was married to Sarah Wheeler; The next chapter begins the second part of the work—which is the story of the family who I can confirm are, without a doubt, my ancestors. Which leads us to the next (or first) generation in our Hause line, which starts with a man named John Haus (who might be Johannes Haus), who was married to a woman named Sarah (who might be Sarah Wheeler. You be the judge...

    CHAPTER TWO: JOHANNES (JOHN) HAUSE, 1719 (1726) - 1796. Our next ancestor is the first in our line to be born in America. PLUS: William, Revolutionary War hero, of Hause Hill.

    TOP ILLUSTRATION: "Spring Blessing" (1785): The return of spring is celebrated in this decorative fractur, the term used to designate illustrative records of the Palatines.

    NOTES ON THIS PAGE:

    ¹—An interesting theory concerning the "cousin" story was proposed by Charles Hause, in a letter now in possession of Bob and Shirley Hause of Kansas. It claims that Princess Amelia of Solms raised her orphaned grandson, William III, Prince of Orange, after he lost his mother at age ten; William then married Mary Stuart, the eventual Queen of England. As the Hauss family came from Solm, they played up the English connection in their family history. (Which would help explain the "cousin" reference to England's Queen in our family legend.) He also speculates that the line of Johann Christian Hauß was from the Alsace region of France, and had fled to the Duchy of Solms during the Thirty Years War.⁵

    ²—In this author's line, Carleton Marchant Hause, Jr., remembers his grandfather, Carlisle Hause, sitting him down along the bank of Vaughn Lake in upper Michigan and telling him the family's history. Being young, distracted, and wanting to fish (kind of like he still is sixty-some years later), Carleton didn't listen to his grandfather much that morning. But what he does remember is that Carlisle showed him a tablet written by Melissa Hause (it's now lost, but it was much like this one, kept by another relative). Carleton's grandfather also told him that a Hause had been the first sheriff in one of the Pilgrim colonies of Massachusetts—he thought Carlisle said "Jamestown."
       Well, it turns out that Carlisle—being a Hause and, therefore, incredibly smart—was right... sort of. There is an English branch Hause (or Hawes) family, and it's a common surname in England. If that isn't strange enough, Carlisle Hause was also right that this Edmund Haus was the first Pilgrim sheriffs! He was the first Constable of the Plymouth colony of Duxbury in Massachusetts, starting in 1642/3, and serving well into the 1650's. Carlisle's grandfather, Laban Hause, the husband of Melissa, couldn't even remember any Hauses past his grandparents, so much of what Melissa and/or anybody else came up with in our line at that time would have been from rudimentary research—or just flat-out speculation. It has to be remembered that the world was a lot smaller then. Everybody at that time thought "Hause" or "Hawes" was a rare name—and didn't realize there were thousands upon thousands of people out there with the same name, but from different lineages. So Carlisle basically had no family history to go on, and was speculating from what facts he could find. So how Carlisle came up with this information is impossible to guess. Today, hundreds of family genealogists have spent years building a huge electronic database that we can draw from. Previous generations had to guess at our origins from a much more limited pool of data.

    ³—Dr. James P Hawes was the son of Dr. Mathias Hawes (28 Nov 1811 - 20 Jul 1896), the grandson of Jonas Hawes (1783-1869) and great-grandson of William Hause (1750-1818). He graduated from George Washington University School of Medicine in 1872. He practiced "allopathic medicine" in Valois, Hector, Schuyler, NY. He never married and lived with his unmarried siaster, Isabella. He died of "disease of the stomach" and left an estate of $50,000 in 1904. Meanwhile, James Dwight Hause (1866-1946) of "J.B. Hause & Son Furniture and Undertaking" in Clinton, Lenawee, Michigan, was the son of James Burtless Hause (1839-1925), the grandson of John Hause II (1812-1881), great-grandson of John Hause (1773-1844) and great-great-grandson of William Hause (1750-1818). James P. Hawes willed "namesake" James D Hause $500 in his will, "to be paid within three years, to be used for his education in any profession he may desire to follow." (Source: Watkins Express, 16 Jun 1915, Vol. LX, No. 50)

    ⁴—The German surname Haus emerged throughout the German territories, deriving from one of several places named Hausen. It was first found in the Rhineland, where this family was a prominent contributor to the development of the district from ancient times. Always influential in social affairs, the name Hausen became an integral part of that turbulent region as it forged alliances with other families within the region and the nation. Spelling variations of this family name include: Hausen, Hauser, Hausendorf, Hausmann, Hausermann, Hausler, Hausener, Haussen, Haussenauer, Haus and many more. (SOURCE: HouseofNames.com)

    ⁵—The French surname Hauss was first found in Normandy, where they has been a prominent family for centuries, and held a family seat with lands and manor. The family were well established in the region of Calvados and several members distinguished themselves through their contributions toward the community in which they lived and were rewarded with lands, titles and letters patent confirming their nobility. Spelling variations of this family name include: Hauss, House, Houssay, Housset, La Houssay, La Housset, La House, Du Houssay, Du Houssaye, Houssaye, de la Houssaye, Housset, Houssoye, Haussoye, Hausset, LaHauss and many more. (SOURCE: HouseofNames.com)

    ⁶—The Anglo-Saxon surname Hause was first found in Oxfordshire, where they held a family seat from ancient times; it's derived from the Old French personal name Haueis and the Old German personal name Hadewidis, which literally means battlewide. It could also be a topographic surname, derived from "at the haw," which refers to a garth, yard, or enclosure. Spelling variations under which the name Hause has appeared include Hawes, Hawe, Haugh, Haughes, and others. (SOURCE: HouseofNames.com)

    ⁷—Genealogist Henry Jones lectures on this common problem in family histories, describing, "how long-held family traditions can be twisted and changed over the years. There usually is a germ of truth in every family tradition, but so often it has been altered: origins are attached to the wrong ancestor, generations are condensed as we go back in time." Jones points to the case of Palatine land speculator Jost Hite, the so-called "Baron of the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia" in the 18th century. Jones scrutinized the traditions that grew up around his supposed noble origins in Germany, and discovered that he was actually a butcher's son in his ancestral European village. (Doesn't sound too different from a royal cousin of Queen Mary turning out to be a carpenter's son in Solms-Hohensolms, does it?)

    ⁸—According to genealogist Kirk Moulton, the Secord "genealogy" of Rockland County is mostly based on family tradition and conflicting facts. Of necessity, he has expanded his research to ALL the Secord men of Rockland County and has all of the Isaac Secords sorted out. By the way, there were FOUR of them purported to be of Orange County. The problem of early (pre 1725) "Andrew Secord" has surfaced before—see Gray, Henry David, Early History of the Sicard-Secor Family, The New York Genealogical and Biographical Record, New York Genealogical and Biographical Society, New York, 1937, Volume 68, No. 4, page 314-5. The bottom line is that this Andrew was likely Jean/John Secord who first married a Dorothea Unknown and second married Catherine Hause.

    ⁹—Source: Records of the Reformed Dutch Church in New Amsterdam and New York in The New York Genealogical and Biographical Record, 1882; Publisher: New York Genealogical and Biographical Society. New York, NY, page 21. This leads genealogist Henry Jones, in his landmark, award-winning work, The Palantine Families of New York, to list Johannes as one of Rheinhardt's children. (He isn't encumbered by 300 years of tradition in a family bible!) Then again, in his next book, More Palatine Families, he declares that the father of our ancestor Wilhelm (William) Hause was a "Johann Haas" from Oberweiler, not Johannes Hause and Sarah Wheeler!

    ¹⁰—Haverstraw became the preeminent manufacturing town for bricks in all of the United States by the 19th Century, to the point where the entire town collapsed and sank in the early 1900's because so much clay had been removed from the soil. With that, many early buildings and historical documents were lost. Combine that disaster with a fire that wiped out most of the other records in the mid-nineteenth Century... and John Hause and his children, as well as the Allens, Conklins and Secords, seem to have disappeared from the record, entirely. (Not that there was much in the record of Johannes before this time, either.) It's even impossible to find records of the children!

    SOURCES FOR THIS PAGE:

    • Mrs. Alberta Spaid Reeder: Canoga, Seneca Co. New York
    • Mrs. Josephine Gregory: 500 S Los Robles #320, Pasadena, CA. 91101
    • Mrs, Charles Parker: 6286 Tower Ave. E. Lansing, MI. 48823
    • Mrs. Alma Hawes (Lincoln): 314 W. Main St., Whitewater, Wis. 53190
    • The Revolutionary War in the Hackensack Valley: the Jersy Dutch and Neutral Ground, by Leiby, Adrian C. Published by Rutgers University Press. 1962
    • The Reformed Church In America, "Struggle For Eccesiastical Independence" (1708-1792). Pages 102-117
    • History of Montgomery Classis, by W.N.P. Dailey, 1916. "While the Holland Dutch first came to the New World in 1609, and at once established their church and school, it is noteworthy that all elements of the Reformed Churches of the American continent-from France and Switzerland, and the German Palatinate-the churches of the Reformed faith established in Virginia (at times meaning the Atlantic coast lands), and Maryland, and Pennsylvania-all turned to the Classis of Amsterdam (Holland) for men and money."
    • Charles R. Hause: 532 Lange Court, Libertyville, IL. 60048, or: 1216 Charles Dr., Shawnee, OK. 74801 Dec. 18,1981. (Now deceased.)
    • Will of John Haus of Warwick, Orange Co. N.Y. Probated Sept. 5, 1796

    CHAPTER 1: THE LEGEND OF JOHN (JOHANNES) HAUSE (1690-?)

    CHAPTER 2: JOHN HAUSE (HAWS) (1719-1794)

    CHAPTER 3: WILLIAM E. HAUSE (1750-1818)

    CHAPTER 4: JOHN HAUSE (1773-1844) AND WESTERN NEW YORK

    CHAPTER 5: AUGUSTUS HAUSE (1804-1875) AND THE ERIE CANAL

    CHAPTER 6: THE HAUSE FAMILY IN THE CIVIL WAR

    CHAPTER 7: LABAN AUGUSTUS HAUSE (1831-1906)

    CHAPTER 8: FRANK AUGUSTUS HAUSE (1867-1951)

    CHAPTER 9: TWENTIETH CENTURY MICHIGAN

    CHAPTER 10: CARLISLE HAUSE (1891-1972)

    CHAPTER 11: THE GREAT DEPRESSION

    CHAPTER 12: CARLETON MARCHANT HAUSE (1917-1983)

    CHAPTER 13: AFTERWARD - THE TWENTY-FIRST CENTURY

    APPENDIX #1: HAUSE FAMILY TIMELINE

    APPENDIX #2: HAUSE FAMILY BIBLES

    APPENDIX #3: WILLIAM HAUSE GENEALOGY