"The first John Hause was born in Germany in the year 1690, and when an infant, on account of Religious Persecutions, he was transported by his 'cousin', Queen Mary II, of Great Britain, House of Stuart, Daughter of James II and Anne Hyde, born 1662, married William, Prince of Orange at the age of 17, reigning 15 years, and died in 1694 of Small Pox, leaving no children. A kind, meek, and noble Queen."
—Sketch compiled by Alfred Hause in 1904, based on notes by Lewis K. Hause and the Family Bible of Joseph Hause of Ovid, New York.

Article
Image
Name:Hause, Alfred; Hawes, James P
Newspaper:Watkins Express
City:Watkins Glen, Schuyler, NY
Date:21 Jul 1904
View file
View Newspaper
SOURCE: Watkins Express, Watkins Glen, Schuyler, New York. Publisher: L.M. Gano. Dates of publication: 1854-1988; -v. 129, no. 23 (June 8, 1988). Frequency: Weekly (Old Fulton New York Postcards)
   When anybody starts researching their family history, they learn right away who to trust the least: Their own family. It's not usually through malice or deception that the stories are untrue. In the Hause family's case, nobody in my line could even write until the late eighteenth century, so at least a hundred and fifty years had passed between the time my ancestors first came to America and when the first written account of my family appeared. Any family histories handed down through the generations up to that point would have been delivered orally, with each teller trying to remember the story as recited from the previous generation (and maybe adding a little personal flair). So you can imagine how much the story changed over the years as it was handed down. We can also assume that many details were either fudged or forgotten—and more action, intrigue and melodrama was probably added to thrill the kiddies at bedtime.
   The sad fact is that much of our family history has been lost, forgotten, or in some unfortunate cases, even swept under the rug over the centuries. You can see the predicament for our ancestors as they tried to be part-time genealogists: They wouldn't have had access to census rolls or land grants. With only fifth-and-sixth generation oral accounts of events that happened two hundred years before—recollections of recollections of recollections—they had to guess, assume, and create a family history as best they could—and through that process, many misconceptions, half-truths and legends developed. In my family, it was the legend of an infant who crossed the Atlantic to escape religious persecution; a German but a cousin to Queen Mary II of England;¹ an immigrant ancestor named John Hause.

"The family of Hawes, or Hause at it is quite often spelled, is one of the few in our country which have a matter of record genealogy extending far back in the centuries. Through the efforts of Alfred B. Hause of Ovid and Dr. James Hause of Valois the family line has been carried back to 1690 when the John Hause to whom they trace was an infant born in Germany and cousin of Queen Mary II of Great Britain."
—"Watkins Express", Watkins Glen, Schuyler, NY, 21 Jul 1904.

File information
File Image
Author:   Josephine Gregory / Jeff Hause
Title:   The Hause Family, Annotated
Publisher:   Self-published mailer, notated by Jeff Hause
Date:   197?/2018
View file
SOURCE: Josephine Gregory's Hause family tree; information obtained from Alberta Spaid Reeder of Geneva, N.Y. (Collection of Gerald Franklin Hause, of Detroit, Michigan).
   Genealogy has always been a popular hobby, but it received a boost in popularity during the 1970s with the television broadcast of Roots: The Saga of an American Family, Alex Haley's account of his family line (which has since been discredited, so it was a much better primer for this hobby than anybody thought). Soon everybody was tracing their family heritage, and right about this time my family received a letter in the mail. It was written by a genealogist researching the "John Hause" family (who I later learned was Josephine Gregory, my 4th cousin, 2x removed), asking if we were related. Up to this point I had never really thought about my ancestors. I was raised believing that I came from Adam and Eve, then Noah, and then eventually some poor wretch who had given the family pasty white skin and a metabolism that kept you skinny until you were thirty, when suddenly cheeseburgers would settle on your love handles and stay there the rest of your life.
   My family had never really talked about its origins. In fact, here was the sum total of our knowledge: My father had been told by his father's father that an ancestor was the first sheriff of Jamestown,² and that another ancestor had died from leaning too far back in his chair, when the wooden backing snapped and pierced his heart as he crashed to the floor (which I was pretty sure was just an invented story to keep me from leaning back in my chair at the dinner table). Other than that, I didn't know the names of any Hause ancestors beyond my great-grandfather, who had just passed away and, obviously, couldn't fill me in as to anybody else's identity.


"'Sup, cuz?"
   So I read the form letter with great relish, despite my parents telling me that it had probably been sent out to hundreds (maybe thousands) of other people, and that the people it mentioned would only be distantly related to me, at best. It was written by a descendant of a woman named Electa Hause (who I would find out many years later was my 5th great-aunt). The letter went on to say that Electa was descended from "John Hause," a cousin to Queen Mary II of England, but born in Germany, who was sent to America to avoid religious persecution. It was a thrilling story for a young boy—to imagine lineage to actual royalty—Do I call her "Queen Mary" or "Aunt Mary?" Will she send a birthday card with money in it? Who do I purge to take the throne? I could hardly contain the thoughts racing through my royal brain!
   But as to the accuracy of this cousin theory, after years of family research, I can now conclude... that I'm not the first writer in my family to work in fiction.

"The Doctor has had the genealogy of the Western New York branch put in print for distribution among his kinsfolk of the name."
—"Watkins Express", Watkins Glen, Schuyler, NY, 21 Jul 1904.

Correspondence
File Image
From:   Alfred B. Hause
To:   James Dwight Hause
Subject:   Hause Family History
Date:   January 28, 1904
View file
SOURCE: Collection of Stephen Hause.
   The source of this legend can be traced to three men: My second cousin, five times removed, named Alfred Hause (1857-1916) of Ovid, Seneca, New York, another 2nd cousin 5x removed, named James P Hawes (1839-1915) of Varion, Hector, Schuyler County, New York, and my 2nd cousin 4x removed, James Dwight Hause (1866-1946) of Michigan,³ who created a family history in the early 1900s. The history was based on genealogical notes by Alfred's uncle, Lewis K. Hause (1818-1870, and my first cousin, six times removed), and the family Bible of Albert's father (and my 4th great grand uncle), Joseph Hause, Jr. (1821-1864) of Ovid, New York. But the family Bible has disappeared, Lewis's genealogy is lost, and the family history printed by James Hawes that is mentioned in the Watkins Express has never been found. What is left is the recollections of people who saw the family history—and without the source material the accuracy of these recollections can't be confirmed. In order to prove them, we'll need to consult historical records... and, surprise, there aren't any.

"As far as can be traced John Hause is the first of the family that can be found it is ascertained that he was a German of full blood and that the correct orthography of his name was H-a-u-s-e."
—Lewis K. Hause, quoted @ 1850 in a letter from Alfred Hause to James D. Hause, 28 Jan 1904.


Bauer und Bauerin als Brautleute, 1699. (SOURCE: Handbuch der Deutschen Tracht, by Friedrich Hottenroth. Publisher: Stuttgart, Gustav Weise [1895]
   Although the above account claims that John was from Germany, there was no country by that name in 1690. There were instead hundreds of smaller states in the area, making up the Holy Roman Empire. As a refugee from that area, John would have been called "Swiss" or "Dutch" or a "Palatine," which were general catch-all slang terms for people from that area. Therefore, we can assume that the account of John being German was written much later; and the notion that John was a "cousin" to the Stuarts seems very dubious—they would need to have been very distant cousins, at best, for a couple of reasons: First, no genealogies are more researched and picked-over than Royal genealogies, and no genealogist has ever recorded a Hause as being related to a British Royal family, no matter how much I've searched. The only name coming close to ours in the Stuarts' official Palatine family line is "Van Hessen," but that family's connection to us is doubtful. Second, in this story, in order to escape religious persecution, John didn't sail to be with his royal cousin for protection, where he'd be safe—instead he sailed to a harsh Colonial frontier (hardly the place a "kind, meek, and noble Queen" would send her infant cousin). So the most likely reason that John was called a "cousin" to Queen Mary in the family history is because the lord (or graf) who John's family served under was a cousin to the Queen. In fact, one of Queen Mary's cousins was her husband, Willem III or "William of Orange." His mother, Mary, was the daughter of King Charles I of England; He was the grandson of Amalia of Solms-Braunfels and Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange. This made Willem III the sovereign Prince of la Principauté d'Orange in Provence, and Stadtholder of Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht, Gelderland, and Overijssel in the Dutch Republic—meaning the Hause family could have come from any of those areas.
   Queen Mary was also the great niece of Elizabeth Stuart (19 Aug 1596 - 13 Feb 1662), who had been the "Winter Queen" of Bohemia and the Palatinate, and whose in-laws were Frederick IV and Louise Juliana of Nassau; Mary was even a cousin to the Dukes of Solms, through her marriage to William III of Orange. Because of this, many family genealogists have concluded that John Hause was actually named Johannes Hauß, a son of Palatine immigrant JOHANN CHRISTIAN HAUß.¹ Johannes would have been born around 1690 in Großaltenstädten, Solms-Hohensolms, and traveled to the New World with his father and siblings. It makes sense because Großaltenstädten is now part of Germany, just like the legend, and "Johannes" is a German equivalent of "John." As for the difference in the spelling of the last name, the Hauß name was (and still is) subject to many spelling variations in English, because there's no letter equivalent to "ß." The name was therefore anglicized by British Colonial clerks and census takers as "Haub," "Hauss," "Haus," "House," and, in English-speaking areas like Haverstraw, "Hawes" and "Hause." (There were even multiple variations in the Palatinate.)
   Because the spellings are so arbitrary, it's impossible to connect our line to a particulor ancestor by name alone. We could be from any of these:


Hauß

German Line⁴


Hauss

French/Norman Line⁵


Hause

British Line⁶

Book Information
Book Image
Title: Denizations, Naturalizations, and Oaths of Allegiance in Colonial New York
Compiled by : Kenneth Scott and Kenn Stryker-Rodda
Publisher: Genealogical Publishing Co, Baltimore. 1975
View Book
SOURCE INFORMATION: Carlsbad Genealogical Library, Carslsbad, CA
   There are other possibilities, too. Another candidate to be John's father is a Palatine immigrant who sailed to the American Colonies on the same group of ships, named SIMON HAAS. Simon was married to ANNA ROSINA ZÖLLER, (born around 1690 in Neunkirchen, Nassau-Saarbrücken). Their son Johannes Haas was baptized in New York on 11 Nov 1716, according to New York Churchbooks (New York City Lutheran, Vol I, Book 85). Simon also appears in the book Denizations, Naturalizations, and Oaths of Allegiance in Colonial New York as "SYMON HAWSE" of Albany County on 27 Apr 1716 (Alb. CCM 6:123), just a couple of names under "Johannus Hausz," on page 33 of the book, at right.
   Simon is a name that pops up frequently in our family history—almost as much as John. However, the names of Simon's other children, NICHOLAS, and ZACHARIAS, do not. Ever. They just disappear after this generation, which when you go by Palatine naming practices in the 18th Century would seem to be pretty unlikely to happen. Still, it is another family living in the area of New York and New Jersey whose name can be spelled "Hawes." They are just as likely to be our ancestors as anybody else.
   One way to provide true evidence of John's (and our) connection to one of these lines would be through genetics. The yDNA of all male descendants of John Hause should be nearly identical over the 10-12 generations that have passed since he lived. My yDNA matches perfectly with male descendants of Hause lines going back nine generations, but (as of this date) none of the people in those lines of the Hause family match up genetically with other male descendants of Johann Christian Hauß or Simon Haas (although admittedly we have yet to find a male descendant of Simon Haas who we can compare our DNA with). This leaves us with the possibility that John Hause was from another family entirely...
   ... But let's move on from that before my head explodes. Let's just talk about who John Hause was, and the time and area in which he lived.

"New and Exact Map of the Dominions of the King of Great Britain on ye Continent of North America, containing New Foundland, New Scotland, New England, New York, New Jersey, Pensilvania, Maryland, Virginia and Carolina, according to the Newest and most Exact Observations By Herman Moll, Geographer," created in 1715. (Click here to enlarge.)

"John Hause, born 1690, lived in New York until his marriage in 1715 to Sarah Allen, a woman of fine English Blood. After his marriage, he removed to Haverstraw, Rockland Co., New York."
—From the Genealogy of John Hause Descendants, compiled by Alfred B. Hause in 1904.


Allen
   Records of John (or Johannes) in Haverstraw, New York are sparse. One reason for this was a fire that wiped out the town records during the 1840s, and another may have been that he was off performing military duty, as a "Jno. House" appears on a 1713 muster roll for Colonel Richard Ingoldesby's Independent Company of Grenadiers, from October 25 to December 24th. Then, according to the previously cited family histories, Johannes married SARAH ALLEN, "a woman of fine English blood," from a prominent family in Haverstraw, in the year 1715. But even being of "fine English blood" didn't help a woman much back then. Colonial America was a hierarchical society in which women were totally subordinate to men. They were not expected to run businesses or to follow professions. They could not vote or hold public office or sit on a jury. They were, for the most part, denied education beyond the skills they would need in their own households. Married women could not own property in their own names. So even though Johannes/John was just a poor Palatine refugee as opposed to Sarah, who descended from British nobility, he would still have been the boss of the family.

THE WORLD IN THE EARLY 1700s:
  • The average life expectancy was about 30-35 years.
  • The population in Colonial America reached 357,500.
  • Elias Neau, a Frenchman, opened a school for blacks in New York City.
  • In the Colonies, adultery was punished by whipping, branding, fining, imprisonment, and wearing a letter "A" sewed upon the sleeves of the outer garment.
  • Many words now considered obscene were freely used. Even the f-word commonly appeared in court documents!
  • April 24, 1704: The "Boston News-Letter," the first successful newspaper in the American Colonies, was published in Boston by John Campbell.
  • May 1, 1704: the "Boston Newsletter" published the first newspaper ad, which is why we have all those great, glossy, color lingerie ads in the Sunday "New York Times" today.
  • July 24, 1704: The War of Spanish Succession, with English & Dutch troops occupying Gibraltar.
  • August 13, 1704: French & Bavarian forces were routed by the Duke of Marlborough with a combined British, German & Dutch army at Blenheim, Germany.
  • August 25: Battle at Malaga: French vs English & Dutch fleet.
  • September 28: Maryland allowed divorce if a wife "mispleased" the clergyman/preacher.
  •    According to other family histories, John and Sarah raised six children, which was actually a small amount of kids for a woman to have at the time. This was because men outnumbered women six to one in some colonies. With so few women and so many men, almost all of the women married very early. This extended the years in which women could bear children, and so they could expect to bear an average of eight. Sarah got off relatively light:

    CHILDREN OF JOHANNES HAUS AND SARAH ALLEN

  • SIMON HAUSE was born in 1717, according to notes by Alfred Hause written in 1904, and based on material from a family Bible dating back to the mid-1850s. Simon lived on the New York/New Jersey border, near Haverstraw. On the 19th of August, 1763, he leased farmland near his brother, John, on the Romopock (Ramapo) patent (source: The Minutes of the Board of Proprietors of the Eastern Division of New Jersey, Vol. 3, from 1745 to 1764, p. 403). His name and property are on military maps used by Commander-in-Chief George Washington during the Revolutionary War. He may have died in the battle of White Plains.
  • JOHN HAUSE was born in 1719, according to notes by Alfred Hause written in 1904, and based on material from a family Bible dating back to the mid-1850s. A "John Haues" was listed in an 1738 muster for the "Militia of the Wall a Kill" under Captain John Byard. John married a woman named Sarah, like his mother, and died either at the battle of White Plains, or in 1795, leaving this will.
  • CATHERINE HAUSE was born in 1723. She married Andrew Secor in 1744.⁸ Possible matches for Andrew: A 3-year-old "Andrew Sycar" emigrated to America with his family by ship in 1710; an Andrew Daniel Secor, born 3/6/1758, entered service in Revolutionary War at Haverstraw, NY, m. Catherine "Hayes" (b. 29 Dec 1751 in Albany); He is listed in the 1790 census as Andrew Secor of Stillwater, Albany, New York. Later, he moved to Berne, NY with family and cousin Issac Secor, and is still living there in 1840, at the age of 87. Andrew and Catherine had the following children: Andrew R (1776 - 1862), Jesse (b. 1782), and Simon (1786 - 1850). Catherine Secor died on 9 Mar 1842 in East Berne, Albany Co., New York, and is buried at the Second Reformed Church.
  • JOHANNA HAUSE was born in 1725.
  • SALLY HAUSE was born in 1728. Married Amos Conklin in 1748. They had the following children: Johanna, John, Hannah, and Sally. A Conklin is listed as a highwaymaster in a 1770 Haverstraw town meeting, just below John Hause. The 1790 Federal Census lists an "Amos Conkling" in Haverstraw, Orange, New York. In 1800, an "Amos Concklin" residing in Clarks, Rockland, New York. The 1810 U.S. Census has two Amos Conklins residing in the area: One in Monroe, Orange, New York, and the other in Phillips, Dutchess, New York. Both residences have the head couples listed as over the age of 45.
  • WILLIAM HAUSE was born in 1730. No further information.
  •    The John Hause legend has John and Sarah moving to Haverstraw, in southeastern New York, north of the New Jersey-New York border, west of the Hudson River, after 1715. While remote, the village of Haverstraw was one of the first to appear on maps of North America, listed in 1616 as Haverstroo, a Dutch word meaning "oats straw," referring to the grasslands along the Hudson River.
       Early attempts to settle the county by the Dutch had been unsuccessful, and in 1664 they handed the territory over to the English. In 1686, the Duke of York, later to become King James II of England, established the county system and designated the area as "Orange County." From 1686 till 1719, the present town of Haverstraw was included in the laws, taxes and militia duties of Orangetown. The only courthouse was in Tappan built in 1691 in Tappan with a jail, a whipping post and stocks in the green, and a stray cattle pound. But that area of Haverstraw was increasing so rapidly in population, the distance was so great and the trail so poor between it and Tappan, that the inhabitants petitioned for separate existence. On June 24, 1719, the following act was passed: " An Act to enable the Precincts of Haverstraw in the County of Orange, to chuse a Supervisor, a Collector, two Assessors, one Constable, and two Overseers of Highways."
       There had been just 439 inhabitants living in in the area in 1712, but under British rule the population increased dramatically to 1,969 by 1731. Whether Johannes was a carpenter, farmer or miller—the three strongest trades in the area—is unknown (although you had to be proficient at all three to survive a winter in that area). Travel was largely confined to Indian trails by land and sloops by the Hudson River. The Ramapo Mountains were hard to cross, and it would be many years before adequate roads could be built. But considering that Johannes was raised in the Rhine region of the Palatinate, he was probably better prepared than most to work in that environment. The children were home-schooled, at best. The only school house was far away in Tappan, and there would not be another school in the county until late in the 18th century.

    "A Johannes Haus was naturalized August 27, 1721 and we have no further record of him."
    —"The House Family of the Mohawk," by Melvin Rhodes Shaver. Publisher: St. Johnsville: Enterprise, 1933. Chapter 1, Page 4

    Book Information
    Book Image
    Name: Colonial Laws of New York, Vol. II
    Editor: Lincoln, Charles Z.; Wm. H. Johnson; A.J. Northrup
    Chapter: 418
    Subject: Naturalization of Johannus Hausz
    Publisher: James B. Lyon, State Printer, Albany
    Year: 1894
    View Book
    The Colonial Laws of New York from the Year 1664 to the Revolution. Transmitted to the legislature by the Commissioners of Statutory Revision, Pursuant to Chapter 125 of the Laws of 1891.

       "Johannus Hausz" was Naturalized in New York City as a citizen of the British Empire on July 27, 1721. This meant he could now buy and sell land. (With British citizenship and an English wife, it's no wonder that later descendants assumed the Hause family was completely British.)
       But beyond that record, the lack of historical documentation for Johannes (or John) is glaring: There's no marriage record of him with Sarah Allen in Haverstraw (or any record of an Allen family, for that matter); There are no deeds, no church baptisms... and that naturalization record is just as likely to be another "Johannes House," (or in one translation, "Hose"), who married Annetje Crose in 1721 in New York City.⁹ Beyond that, there's no record when there should be: Johann Christian Hauß and son, Johann Rheinhardt Hauß, are both recorded in Governor Hunter's subsistence records that kept track of all the indentured Palatines, but not any Johannes. Hunter was very careful about those records, as he expected repayment per head for any and all expenses that the Hauß family would have incurred. If there was another son as old as Rheinhardt (and he would have to be in order to marry in 1715, like Rheinhardt did), his name should have appeared somewhere on those lists.
       Still, it has to be remembered that the records of Haverstraw are mostly lost,¹⁰ so even with all this evidence (or more precisely, the lack of evidence), I'm not prepared to say the family Bibles are wrong. There really were Secord and Conklin families living in the area, and they supposedly allied with the John Hause family through marriage to his children (although I can't find any records of those marriages, either⁸). On the other hand, the Conklins and Secords were heavily allied with the Wood family, and intermarried throughout the 18th Century. Martha Wood, who married John's grandson, our ancestor William E. Hause, had a sister, Susanna, marry a Conklin, and a brother, Joseph, who married a Conklin and a Secord, so the families are obviously close. Our first confirmed ancestor, William, did in fact fight alongside Secord and Conklin in his militia in the Revolution, but there's no mention anywhere of them being related. But answering these questions is going to take a little more research, a few new discoveries, and a lot of luck to solve. (See "False Leads and Myths.") But here's a possible clue:

    Personal Information
    Deed Image
    Grantee: House, Johannes
    Granter:House, Rinert Sr.
    Township:Haverstraw (present-day Clarkstown)
    County:Orange (present-day Rockland)
    Province:New York
    Date:3 Apr 1756
    Price:$100, "hand-paid"
    Image
    Personal Information
    Road Registration
    Name: Hause, John
    Township: Haverstraw (present-day Clarkstown)
    County: Orange (present-day Rockland)
    Province: New York
    Date: 3 Apr 1770
    Job: Highway master for ye Road from (?) (?) along under the mountain
    Image
    SOURCE INFORMATION: Clerk's Office, town of Clarkstown, Rockland Co., NY; 10 Maple Avenue, New City, NY 10956 (845) 639-2000. Website

       Above are the minutes from a Haverstraw town meeting on 3 Apr 1756, showing a sale of land from Rheinhardt House, Sr., to a Johannes House, followed by the minutes from exactly 14 years later, on 3 Apr 1770, in which a "John Hause" was named highwaymaster for a road running to "the mountain," at the end of the town's jurisdiction, next to the Conklin family.¹¹ Are "Johannes House" and "John Hause" the same man? Or were they just neighbors in Haverstraw whose names were confused by family genealogists in the 19th and 20th Centuries? Johannes Hauß, son of Johann Christian Hauß, would have been about 80, according to most genealogists, so is this man in 1770 his son, or the son of his brother Rheinhardt Hauß, making him about 50? Or was he the Son of Simon Hawse, born in 1716? Or was he somebody we haven't even discovered yet? Is he this man, who was renting land in Ramapo, on the New York/New Jersey border in 1756, near his brother (or son), Simon? WHO IS JOHN HAUSE?
       The next chapter is the biography of a man who I can confirm existed, without a doubt, even if I can't say who or where he came from... the first generation in our Hause line...

    CHAPTER TWO: JOHANNES (JOHN) HAUSE, 1719 (1726) - 1796. Our next ancestor is the first in our line to be born in America. PLUS: William, Revolutionary War hero, of Hause Hill.

    TOP ILLUSTRATION: "Spring Blessing" (1785): The return of spring is celebrated in this decorative fractur, the term used to designate illustrative records of the Palatines.

    NOTES ON THIS PAGE:

    ¹—An interesting theory concerning the "cousin" story was proposed by family historian Charles Hause (24 Nov 1913 - 30 Mar 2002), who spent decades trying to uncover the identity of "John Hause." Charles wrote in a 1963 letter, now in possession of Bob and Shirley Hause of Kansas: "Of John Hause, it has not yet been proved for sure that he hooks up to the rest of the Hause's as we cannot find out for sure the father's name of William Hause, Sr. It is believed that a generation is missing between John and William, and if it can be located perhaps this will hook the two together. Also, a story brought down through the family, is that the Hause's came from Germany with a group of others. They possibly bore the name of Von Ackenhausen, which if true means that they were of the gentry to use and (sic) English expression. Also, the German gentry made use of two names, one representing the family, and the other the House to which they belonged. So, if the family traditions are truth, and that the Hause's left Germany in the 1690's to escape religious persecution, then the family probably came from the Rhine Valley, and most likely from the area east of the river which was taken over at the time by France under King Louis the 14th. In following up this theory, the name has been found among the Nobility of the area, particularly in Alsace."
    arms   Charles eventually tried to tie the John Hause legend to the story of Palatine immigrant Johann Christian Hauß. He speculated that Johann Christian Hauß was from the Alsace region of France, and had fled to the Duchy of Solms during the Thirty Years War.⁵ (Footnotes for footnotes? Oh yeah, that's how I roll.) He wrote in a 1969 letter: "The family of Johann Christian Hauss was Armigerous, and the traditions of both branches agree on the Heraldic Bearing; an Argent Shield with a Sable Fesse; the Crest a Plume of featherstinctured as the shield and in the form of a pine-cone, this surmounting a Peer of the Realm Crown borne by a dexter facing, Argent and Sable Helm. These Arms are in Reitstap's 'Armorial General' and are attributed to Haus-Alsace. An earlier version (dating back to 1185) of the same shield and with a feather plume in the pine-cone shape on a Knight's Helm is in Die Wappen Rolle Von Zurich. (A Roster of Heraldry of Zurich, by the Antiquarian Society of Zurich.) Here several spellings of the name are given. The family again is Alsatian and is known in Switzerland as Von Hus, in Italy as de Domo, France as de la Maison and in Germany as Von Hauss or Von Haus; these names being derived from the Burgen (Castles or Strongholds) of Isenheim in the District of Gebweiller; Wittenheim (District of Mulhouse); and Wassenberg (District of Kolmar). All were of Alsace, now of the Haut Rhin in France.All are north-northwest of Mulhouse. A coincidence or food for thought? The Dukes of Solm held territory not more than fifty miles from the Haus holdings in Alsace above. Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange 1584-1647 m.Amalia, Countess of Solms Braunfeld. son William II of Nassau, 1626-50, m. Henrietta Mary Stuart, dau of James II of England. son William III, Prince of Orange, 1650-1702, m. Mary Stuart, dau of James II of England (this was Queen Mary.) William III was raised after he lost his mother at age 10, by his paternal Greatgrand (sic) mother Amelia, Princess of Solm. After his defeat by the Armies of Louis XIV, Johann Christian Hauss found refuge in Alten-Staeden, near Wetzlar, in the Duchy of Solm. Could this be the source of the term Cousin in the Hause tradition?" Charles believed that the line looked like this:

    Johann Christian Hauß >/ Johannus Hausz
    \ m. Sarah Allen
    >/ John Hause (b. 1719)
    \ m. Sarah Wheeler
    >/ William Hause (b. 1750)
    \ m. Martha Wood

       Family historians such as Josephine Gregory and Doug Deal eventually agreed with this theory, but Charles began to question this, as well. In a letter to Bob Hause dated Nov. 27, 1991, Charles was convinced of a different theory and wrote: "Did have a correspondent dispute our descent from the 2nd John Hause and Sarah Allen, saying instead that our third John (who married Sarah Weiler) was the son of his brother Reinhard, and Anna Marie Gussinger. (They did have a son John Hendrick who was born in Yonkers, N.Y. on May 15, 1715 and was baptised at Hackensack, N.J. on May 8, 1722.) So possibly he does have the correct data there, and our lineage should read: John Christian Hause, m. (unknown 1st wife); Reinhard Hause m. Anna Marie Gussinger; John Hause m. Sarah Weiler; William Hause m. Martha Wood; William Hause married Esther Sanford and so on."
    Personal Information
    Deed Image
    Granter: House, Rinert Sr.
    Grantee: House, Johannes
    Township: Haverstraw (present-day Clarkstown)
    County: Orange (present-day Rockland)
    Province: New York
    Date: 3 Apr 1756
    Price: $100, "hand-paid"
    Image
    SOURCE INFORMATION: Clerk's Office, town of Clarkstown, Rockland Co., NY; 10 Maple Avenue, New City, NY 10956 (845) 639-2000. Website
       Here's the back-story: After the Palatines were released from indentured servitude, Johann Christian Hauß's children Conrad, George, Elizabeth (Rickert) and Harmanus stayed in the area of Albany, near their father. But one son, Johann Rheinhardt Hauß (probably named after Philipp Reinhard II, Graf zu Solms-Hohensolms), moved father south to New Jersey. The "Simmendinger Register" lists Rheinhardt as living in Hackensack in 1716, with wife Anna Elizabeth and a child (Johann Heinrich, whom Charles referenced).
       Rheinhardt was Naturalized on 10 Jan 1715/16, and listed his occupation as "yeoman." He then moved to Philippsburg, Westchester, New York, near the area called Sleepy Hollow, even attending the very Dutch Reformed Church of Washington Irving's story. They had several more children: Anna Juliana (b. 5 Feb 1718), Susanna (b. 9 Apr 1720), Jannitje ("Janet"), and Christian (b. 2 Aug 1721). Another son, Johannes Haus, was baptized at 9 weeks old, on 29 May 1726, to parents "Reinhard Haus and his wife, Anna Elisabeth."
       Johannes then married Sara Wheeler, from a prominent family based in Kinderhook, Columbia County. Sara was baptized on 28 Aug 1728 at the Reformed Church, in Kinderhook, to "Jan Wieler" and wife Margariet. Unlike the various John Hause families in our family lore, the Johannes Haus/Sarah Wheeler family is very well-documented through church records on the border of New York and New Jersey—you just have to be patient and check EVERY spelling variation. (In those days with few schools and no formalized language, the spelling of names was usually done phonetically, so Johannes's last name often changed from "Haus" to "Haas" to "Haws" to "Hauss" to "Howes" to "Huus" to "Huis" to "Hous" to "House" to "Huyser" to, finally—"Hause"—for the christening of daughter Marritje in 1750.
       By 1750, Johannes had moved to the area of Haverstraw with father Rheinhardt and brother Rheinhardt, Jr.: the very location of the John Hause and Sarah Allen family legend. Their first child, Elisabeth, was christened 10 May 1747 at the Reformed Church in Tappen, Rockland, New York, with sponsors "Ryndert Houys" and wife, Elizabeth. More children followed, recorded in church ceremonies in Kakiat, Orangetown and Clarkstown. Then on 24 Feb 1750/51, "Willem Haas" was born to "Johannes Haas and wife Sarah," according to baptism records of the New York City Lutheran Church (Holland Society of New York; New York; New York City Lutheran, Vol I, Book 85, p. 361). That is the exact date of birth that is listed on the D.A.R. plaque at the grave of our ancestor William Hause (1750-1818).
       So now Charles believed that the family line would be this:

    Johann Christian Hauß >/ Johann Rheinhardt Hauß
    \ m. Anna Elisabeth
    >/ Johannes Haus (b. 1728)
    \ m. Sarah Wheeler
    >/ William Hause
    \ m. Martha Wood

       Not only is the Johannes Haus family in the proper area to match our records, everything seems to fit perfectly into the timeline of the legend, as well. Johann Rheinhardt was born around 1690, like John Hause; Johann Rheinhardt married in 1715, like John Hause; He had a son named Johannes/John in 1726. There was just one problem: Genetics.
       To settle the matter of my Hause ancestry once and for all, in December of 2014 I took a Y37 DNA test with FamilyTreeDNA to check my paternal line. My Y-Chromosome DNA (Y-DNA) would trace my father, his father, his father's father, and so forth, as it is goes largely unchanged for centuries. This would prove, scientifically (and conclusively) that I was a direct descendant of Johann Christian Hauß... or that the genealogical work of countless ancestors and cousins was incorrect and I was descended from someone else... or that there was some hanky-panky along the way by one of my maternal ancestors (not counting you, mom, of course). Whatever the case, I would finally have hard, scientific evidence as to whether or not I am a true biological Hauß, or a Hawes, or a Haws, or a House, or... my head hurts. (Just take the damn test already!) So Bob Hause and I submitted buccal swabs for a YDNA test to compare with eight descendants of Johann Christian Hauß (actually seven, because one would only claim to go as far back as his son, Conradt), and prepared (over the next eight loooooong weeks) to either confirm what had been assumed by all of these genealogical histories... or to undertake a quick, massive rewrite of THIS family history before anybody else could read it... And here are the results, with matching markers in white (I'll only show the first twelve STR markers):

    Ancestor Haplogroup DYS393 DYS390 DYS19 DYS391 DYS385 DYS426 DYS388 DYS439 DYS389i DYS392 DYS389ii
    Jeff Hause, U.S. I-M223 14 23 15 10 14-16 11 13 11 14 12 32
    Bob Hause, U.S. I-M223 14 23 15 10 14-16 11 13 11 14 12 32
    Johann Christian Hauß, (House) R-M269 12 25 15 10 11-14 11 12 13 13 13 29
    Johann Christian Hauß, (House) R-M269 12 25 15 10 11-14 11 12 13 14 13 30
    House (b. 1740), (House) R-PF7563 12 25 15 10 11-14 11 12 13 14 13 30
    Johann Christian Hauß, (Howes) R-M269 12 25 15 10 11-14 11 12 13 14 13 30
    Conradt A House, (Schramm) R-M269 12 25 15 10 11-14 11 12 13 14 13 30
    Johann Christian Hauß, (House) R-M269 12 25 15 10 11-14 11 12 13 14 13 30
    Johann Christian Hauß, (House) R-M269 12 25 15 10 11-14 11 12 13 14 13 30
    Johann Christian Hauß, (House) R-M269 12 25 15 10 11-14 11 12 13 14 13 30


    My family tree? "TIMBER!!!!!"
       Bob Hause and I are definitely cousins, no matter how hard he tries to deny it (we chart as 4th cousins 3x removed on our family trees). Despite our branches separating eight generations back in my line, the YDNA passed down father-to-son, from William Hause to us, is nearly identical. We share the same Haplogroup (I-M223, a subclade of Haplogroup I-M438, which might have originated in Southeastern Europe some 15,000-17,000 years ago). We match in 12 out of the first 12 STA markers (which carries 99% confidence of sharing a common ancestor), and 24 out of the first 25 (better than 99% chance of a common ancestor) and 34 out of 37 STA markers. According to Family Tree DNA, a 34/37 match between two men who share a common surname means they definitely share a common male ancestor (100% confidence), but the exact range is hard to gauge without further testing. Generationally, there's an 90% probability that William would be our closest common paternal forefather.
       However, the Haplogroup for eight people claiming to be descendants of Johann Christian Hauß (William's supposed great-grandfather) is R-M269 (the most common in Europe), not I-M223. We only match in four out of the first twelve markers (there are 25 more markers that were compared, but trust me, the percentages only get worse). Bob and I only match in 9 out of 37 STR markers with these Hauß progeny, meaning we are NOT actually related to them! (We haven't had a common paternal ancestor for a couple thousand years, anyway.)
       So, despite hundreds of online family trees, books, newspaper articles, and generations of assumed kinship, it looks like we are not descended from Johann Christian Hauß (at least in comparison to eight samples at Family Tree DNA)! I'm at once thrilled and horrified to realize that the story that was the inspiration for this entire website might be apocryphal. THE SEARCH GOES ON!!! (But in case you're wondering, the family tree now looks like this:

    ?????? ????????? ????? >/ ????????? ?????
    \ m. ???? ??????
    >/ John ???????
    \ m. Sarah ???????
    >/ William Hause
    \ m. Martha Wood

    ²—In this author's line, Carleton Marchant Hause, Jr., remembered his grandfather, Carlisle Hause, sitting him down along the bank of Vaughn Lake in upper Michigan and telling him the family's whole history. Being young, distracted, and wanting to fish (kind of the way he stayed until he passed, seventy years later, in 2014), Carleton didn't listen to his grandfather much that morning, and recalled practically nothing. But what he did remember is that Carlisle showed him a tablet written by Melissa Hause (it's now lost, but it was much like this one, kept by another relative). Carlisle also told him that a Hause had been the first sheriff in one of the Pilgrim colonies of Massachusetts—he thought Carlisle said "Jamestown."
       Well, it turns out that Carlisle—being a Hause and, therefore, incredibly smart—was right... sort of. There is an English branch of Hause (or Hawes) family, and it's a common surname in England. If that isn't strange enough, Carlisle was also right that a man named Edmund Hawes was the first Pilgrim Constable of the Plymouth colony of Duxbury in Massachusetts, starting in 1642/3, and serving well into the 1650's. Was Carlisle right?
       To settle the matter of my Hause ancestry once and for all, in December of 2014 Bob Hause and I submitted buccal swabs for a YDNA test to compare our Y-DNA with three descendants of Edmond Hawes, and prepared (over the next eight loooooong weeks) to either confirm or deny what Carlisle only hinted at... And here are the results, with matching markers in white (again, I'll only show the first twelve STR markers):

    Ancestor Haplogroup DYS393 DYS390 DYS19 DYS391 DYS385 DYS426 DYS388 DYS439 DYS389i DYS392 DYS389ii
    Jeff Hause, U.S. I-M223 14 23 15 10 14-16 11 13 11 14 12 32
    Bob Hause, U.S. I-M223 14 23 15 10 14-16 11 13 11 14 12 32
    Edmond Hawes, (Hawes) I-M253 14 22 14 10 13-13 11 16 11 12 11 28
    Edmond Hawes, (Hawes) I-M253 14 22 14 10 13-13 11 16 11 12 11 28
    Edmond Hawes, (Hawes) I-M253 14 22 14 10 13-13 11 16 11 12 11 28

       Nope, Sorry, Carlisle. The Haplogroup for three people claiming to be descendants of Edmond Hawes is I-M253, from the same Y-chromosome Haplogroup "I," which includes about a quarter of all northwest European men. Its largest subgroup, I1a, is common in Scandinavia and Germany and occurs in Britain at a frequency of about 15%. However, there is some controversy as to whether I-M223 should properly be considered a subgroup of Haplogroup I1, or a separate Haplogroup I2 (I2b1 lineage), which likely has its roots in northern France. Beyond that, we only match in four out of the first twelve markers, and I only match in 11 out of 37 STR markers, overall, with these Hawes progeny. This means we are NOT actually related! (We haven't had a common paternal ancestor for about 18,000 years, anyway.)
       It should be remembered that Carlisle's grandfather, Laban Hause, couldn't even remember any Hauses past his grandparents (who he didn't know), so much of what he or anybody else came up with in our line at that time would have been from rudimentary research—or just flat-out speculation. The world was a lot smaller then. Everybody at that time thought "Hause" or "Hawes" was a rare surname—and didn't realize there were thousands upon thousands of people out there with the same name, but from different lineages. So Carlisle basically had no family history to go on, and was speculating from what facts he could find. How Carlisle came up with this information is impossible to guess. Today, hundreds of family genealogists have spent years building a huge electronic database that we can draw from, including DNA evidence. Previous generations had to guess at our origins from a much more limited pool of data.
       Looking through the various worksheets and genealogies by people in our family over the last two centuries, our family records are split between ancestors saying we are German (most of them), and the other, smaller contingent saying we're British:

    EVIDENCE THAT WE'RE ACTUALLY BRITISH:

    • "Father was English, mother was Dutch."—Passage from a letter by Carolyn Hause Gage (1814-1916), granddaughter of William Hause, to to James Dwight Hause (1866-1946) charting the Hause family history, February, 1901.
    • "He is descended from a long line of English ancestry on his paternal side, and has inherited just enough of German blood on his maternal side, to make him one of the most quiet and substantial men in the House."—Profile of Alvin C. Hause (1814-1866), grandson of William Hause (1750-1818) in Biographical Sketches of the State Officers and Members of the Legislature of the State of New York in 1862 and '63, by WM. D. Murphy. Albany: Printed for the Author, 1863; P. 176, 177.

    EVIDENCE THAT WE'RE ACTUALLY GERMAN:

    • "As far as can be traced John Hause is the first of the family that can be found it is ascertained that he was a german of full blood and that the correct orthography of his name was H-a-u-s-e."—Genealogical record of Lewis K Hause (1818-1870), grandson of William Hause, per a letter by Alfred Hause.
    • "Pawling ... served as colonel of a regiment of Swiss raised to protect the New York frontier."—William Hause's regiment as described in "History of Rensselaer Co., New York", by Nathaniel Bartlett Sylvester, 1880.
    • "He was born of Dutch parents in the town of Warwick, Orange Co. N.Y."—Profile of Charles Hause (1799-1885) in a Seneca County newspaper, March, 1885.

       At least thanks to our Haplogroup, I-M223 (also known as I2a2), we know we're European. The first man to be I-M223 (let's call him Proto-Hause) probably lived in Europe about 14,000 to 18,000 years ago—in the age of the Cro-Magnon, near what is now northern France. We know from DNA evidence that his ancestors had avoided the boorish Neanderthal family who lived down the street, and stuck to their own. (Who knows, maybe they dated, but nothing came of it.) Proto-Hause's father was not in Haplogroup I-M223, nor were any of his brothers. They were all in Haplogroup I-M170. Proto-Hause was "special:" A sperm from Proto-Hause's father had a Y-chromosome that mutated, and it fertilized his mother's egg at his conception, and the I-M223 "family" was created in that moment—before there were Germans, or Britons, or even Hause's—making Proto-Hause's descendants different than everyone else on Earth. (And definitely different than Edmond Hawes's and Johann Christian Hauß's.)

    ³—Quick sketches of the three family historians that have given us the John Hause/Sarah Allen story:

    • Dr. James P Hawes was the son of Dr. Mathias Hawes (28 Nov 1811 - 20 Jul 1896), the grandson of Jonas Hawes (1783-1869) and great-grandson of William Hause (1750-1818). He graduated from George Washington University School of Medicine in 1872. He practiced "allopathic medicine" in Valois, Hector, Schuyler, New York. On 21 Jul 1904 he was interviewed in the Watkins Express newspaper of Watkins Glen, Schuyler, New York, announcing that he had created a family history with cousin Alfred Hause, to be distributed to the Hawes/Hause descendants of Western New York (column four). Copies of the family history have never been found. James never married and lived with his unmarried sister, Isabella. He died of "disease of the stomach" and left an estate of $50,000 in 1904.
    • James Dwight Hause (1866-1946) of "J.B. Hause & Son Furniture and Undertaking" in Clinton, Lenawee, Michigan, was the son of James Burtless Hause (1839-1925), the grandson of John Hause II (1812-1881), great-grandson of John Hause (1773-1844) and great-great-grandson of William Hause (1750-1818). James P. Hawes must have really liked him (or really disliked undertaking), because he bequeathed "namesake" James D Hause $500 in his will, "to be paid within three years, to be used for his education in any profession he may desire to follow." (Source: Watkins Express, 16 Jun 1915, Vol. LX, No. 50.)
    • Alfred B Hause was born on 15 Nov 1857 in Seneca, New York, the son of Nancy Purdy and Joseph Hause, Jr. (the "Joseph Hause of Ovid" who owned the Bible from which much of our family history is based) and great-grandson of William Hause. Alfred followed his father into the fire insurance business ("The Hause & Purdy Fire Insurance Agency"), then married Susan A Seeley (1857-1901), but they had no children. Alfred was written up for the Hause genealogy project as well, a week after James Hawes, in the Seneca County Courier-Journal, on July 28, 1904 (Page 4, Column 3). Alfred died on 2 Jun 1916 in Manhattan, New York, where he moved after Susan died. His body was transported back to Ovid, Seneca County, New York, where he is buried in the Evergreen Cemetery.
    • Book information
      File Image
      Author:   Alfred B. Hause
      Title:   Genealogy of the Purdy family, 1742-1905
      Publisher:   Genealogical Society of Utah
      Date:   1942
      View file
      SOURCE: New York Public Library, Schwarzman Building—Milstein Division Rm 121; Call No. NYGB AZ Fam 09-420. Record No. b18135475.
         Although Alfred's finished work on the Hause family has never been located, he did complete a history of the Purdy family: Genealogy of the Purdy family, nearly complete record of the descendants of John Purdy, 1742-1905 by Hause, Alfred B; Genealogical Society of Utah, 1942: Salt Lake City, Utah. Located at the Repositories Family History Center: (Donations: Bound) Hause, Alfred B.—Purdy Family, bound manuscript, 464 pages.
         The page on Alfred's parents reads: "Nancy B. Purdy was born in the Village of Ovid, N. Y. April 15 1832 and died in the same place Nov. 6 1872. She married Nov 18 1856 to Joseph Hause, a son of Joseph Hause and Eunice Rogers Hause, who was born March 24 1821 and died May 18 1864. Joseph Hause was born at Tyrone, N. Y. and was a descendant of John Hause who was born in Germany about 1690. He came to Seneca County about 1850 and engaged in teaching school in which he was successful for a number of years in the towns of Covert and Ovid, and which avocation he followed for a number of years until failing health obliged him to discontinue this calling. At the time of his death he was engaged in the fire insurance business."

    ⁴—The German surname Haus emerged throughout the German territories, deriving from one of several places named Hausen. It was first found in the Rhineland, where this family was a prominent contributor to the development of the district from ancient times. Always influential in social affairs, the name Hausen became an integral part of that turbulent region as it forged alliances with other families within the region and the nation. Spelling variations of this family name include: Hausen, Hauser, Hausendorf, Hausmann, Hausermann, Hausler, Hausener, Haussen, Haussenauer, Haus and many more. (SOURCE: HouseofNames.com)

    ⁵—The French surname Hauss was first found in Normandy, where they has been a prominent family for centuries, and held a family seat with lands and manor. The family were well established in the region of Calvados and several members distinguished themselves through their contributions toward the community in which they lived and were rewarded with lands, titles and letters patent confirming their nobility. Spelling variations of this family name include: Hauss, House, Houssay, Housset, La Houssay, La Housset, La House, Du Houssay, Du Houssaye, Houssaye, de la Houssaye, Housset, Houssoye, Haussoye, Hausset, LaHauss and many more. (SOURCE: HouseofNames.com)

    ⁶—The Anglo-Saxon surname Hause was first found in Oxfordshire, where they held a family seat from ancient times; it's derived from the Old French personal name Haueis and the Old German personal name Hadewidis, which literally means battlewide. It could also be a topographic surname, derived from "at the haw," which refers to a garth, yard, or enclosure. Spelling variations under which the name Hause has appeared include Hawes, Hawe, Haugh, Haughes, and others. (SOURCE: HouseofNames.com)

    ⁷—Genealogist Henry Jones lectures on this common problem in family histories, describing, "how long-held family traditions can be twisted and changed over the years. There usually is a germ of truth in every family tradition, but so often it has been altered: origins are attached to the wrong ancestor, generations are condensed as we go back in time." Jones points to the case of Palatine land speculator Jost Hite, the so-called "Baron of the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia" in the 18th century. Jones scrutinized the traditions that grew up around his supposed noble origins in Germany, and discovered that he was actually a butcher's son in his ancestral European village. (Doesn't sound too different from a royal cousin of Queen Mary turning out to be a carpenter's son in Solms-Hohensolms, does it?)

    ⁸—According to genealogist Kirk Moulton, the Secord "genealogy" of Rockland County is mostly based on family tradition and conflicting facts. Of necessity, he has expanded his research to ALL the Secord men of Rockland County and has all of the Isaac Secords sorted out. By the way, there were FOUR of them purported to be of Orange County. The problem of early (pre 1725) "Andrew Secord" has surfaced before—see Gray, Henry David, Early History of the Sicard-Secor Family, The New York Genealogical and Biographical Record, New York Genealogical and Biographical Society, New York, 1937, Volume 68, No. 4, page 314-5. The bottom line is that this Andrew was likely Jean/John Secord who first married a Dorothea Unknown and second married Catherine Hause. Moulton believes that this line of the Hause family descends from Johannes, the son of Palatine immigrant Simon Haas. The 1720 Albany County Census lists a "Jnr. Hoose" about 90 miles away from Haverstraw, in the town of Claverack, near Kinderhook. Mr. "Hoose" was living near a lot of "Van Alen" families (a variation of "Allen"): Peter, Johannis, Luykas, Jacobus, Evert, and Stephanis, each with their own families—possibly among them a sister or daughter whom had become John's bride, Sarah (or "Zarah").

    ⁹—Source: Records of the Reformed Dutch Church in New Amsterdam and New York in The New York Genealogical and Biographical Record, 1882; Publisher: New York Genealogical and Biographical Society. New York, NY, page 21. This leads genealogist Henry Jones, in his landmark, award-winning work, The Palantine Families of New York, to list Johannes as one of Rheinhardt's children. (He isn't encumbered by 300 years of tradition in a family Bible!) Then again, in his next book, More Palatine Families, he declares that the father of our ancestor Wilhelm (William) Hause was a "Johann Haas" from Oberweiler, not Johannes Hause and Sarah Wheeler!

    ¹⁰—Haverstraw became the preeminent manufacturing town for bricks in all of the United States by the 19th Century, to the point where the entire town collapsed and sank in the early 1900's because so much clay had been removed from the soil. With that, many early buildings and historical documents were lost. Combine that disaster with a fire that wiped out most of the other records in the mid-nineteenth Century... and John Hause and his children, as well as the Allens, Conklins and Secords, seem to have disappeared from the record, entirely. (Not that there was much in the record of Johannes before this time, either.)
       By the mid-eighteenth century, we know that the family of Rheinhardt Haus (and possibly his brother, Elias) was also in the area of Haverstraw, having migrated up from Hackensack, New Jersey. (At this point the Hauß members were easy to trace, but within a couple of decades, each son would have numerous kids, and those kids would have more, all using variations of "John," "Johann," "Rheinhardt," "George," etc., and telling which is which starts to become impossible.) So we have evidence that John Hause and the Palatine Haus family were living in the same town, at least.

    ¹¹—The land, finally purchased by Willliam Hause in 1802, was 220 acres that the Hause family had developed, for twenty-five cents per acre from the state of New York. We know this from an act passed by the New York Legislature on March 28, 1800, dealing with a petition, stating they had settled and improved the unpatented land: Laws of New York 23rd Session, Chap. 75, p. 523. "An Act Directing the Surveyor General to Sell Certain Vacant Lands in the Counties Of Orange and Rockland: Whereas John Hathorn, Peter Townsend, William Hause, Hezekiah Mead, Samuel Drew, Ezra Sanford, James McCann, William Booth, Daniel Benedict, Abner Patterson, William Ellis, David Sanford, Thomas Sanford, David Hawkins, Samuel Ketchum, Henry Wisner, Henry Bush, Samuel Bush, Abraham Smith, John Smith, Adolphus Shurt, Nicholas Conclin, John Becraft and John Jenkins by their petition presented to the legislature have stated that they are settled on, and improved lands in Orange county under the proprietors of the pattent of Wawayanday, which lands have been adjudged to be unpattented and belong to the people of this State, and are included with other lands not settled on, or improved as aforesaid, within the following boundaries, to wit, southwesterly by the State of New Jersey, northerly by a line running from the thirty first mile stone in the line of division between this State and the State of New Jersey to a monument erected by commissioners at the north west corner of a tract of land granted to Daniel Honan and Michael Hawdon, called Kakiate, and easterly and southerly by pattented lands, and by their said petition have prayed, that they may be quieted in their said possessions, and to purchase in addition thereto such other quantity of vacant land within the boundaries aforesaid, on such terms as the legislature shall direct. Therefore Be it enacted by the People of the State of New York represented in Senate and Assembly, That is shall and may be lawful for the surveyor general to grant each of the petitioners above named, all the state, right title and interest of the people of this State of in and to the lands improved by them respectively with such other vacant lands within the said boundaries to the amount of not less than one hundred acres and not more than four hundred acres including their respective improvements, they paying therefor not less than the sum of twenty five centers per acre..." (concludes with instructions to the surveyor general for completing the transaction by appointing three freeholders to examine te possessions and report to the surveyor general in writing about the boundaries)."

    SOURCES FOR THIS PAGE:

    • Research by genealogists Kirk Moulton and Dan Kinsey, working on the Secord and Simon Haas families.
    • Research by Mrs. Alberta Spaid Reeder (1871 - 27 Oct 1954), the great-granddaughter of Electa Ann Hause Williams (3 Jan 1801 - 24 Aug 1869). Alberta was born in Fayette, Seneca, New York and married William Henry Reeder (1868-1955). She died in 1954 in Geneva, New York.
    • Research by Mrs. Josephine Gregory (30 Apr 1920 - 9 Feb 2013): 500 S Los Robles #320, Pasadena, CA. 91101; She based her work on the work of Alberta Reeder.
    • Mrs, Charles Parker: 6286 Tower Ave. E. Lansing, MI. 48823
    • Mrs. Alma Hawes (Lincoln): 314 W. Main St., Whitewater, Wis. 53190
    • Research by Charles R. Hause (24 Nov 1913 - 30 Mar 2002): 532 Lange Court, Libertyville, IL. 60048 (1969); then 1216 Charles Dr., Shawnee, OK. 74801 Dec. 18,1981; Read a 1969 letter from Charles tracing William Hause here.
    • The Revolutionary War in the Hackensack Valley: the Jersy Dutch and Neutral Ground, by Leiby, Adrian C. Published by Rutgers University Press. 1962
    • The Reformed Church In America, "Struggle For Eccesiastical Independence" (1708-1792). Pages 102-117
    • History of Montgomery Classis, by W.N.P. Dailey, 1916. "While the Holland Dutch first came to the New World in 1609, and at once established their church and school, it is noteworthy that all elements of the Reformed Churches of the American continent—from France and Switzerland, and the German Palatinate-the churches of the Reformed faith established in Virginia (at times meaning the Atlantic coast lands), and Maryland, and Pennsylvania-all turned to the Classis of Amsterdam (Holland) for men and money."
    • Will of John Haus of Warwick, Orange Co. N.Y. Probated Sept. 5, 1796. This will is by a man named John Hause with a wife named Sarah, an "ownly beloved son" named William, and a dead son named Simon. The will contradicts the Alberta Spaid Reeder chronology in that our ancestor John Hause is still alive 20 years after the battle of White Plains. Read my incredibly overthought annotated point-by-point breakdown, contrasting Reeder's work with the will here.

    CHAPTER 1: THE LEGEND OF JOHN (JOHANNES) HAUSE (1690-?)

    CHAPTER 2: JOHN HAUSE OF WARWICK (1719-1794)

    CHAPTER 3: WILLIAM E. HAUSE (1750-1818)

    CHAPTER 4: JOHN HAUSE (1773-1844) AND WESTERN NEW YORK

    CHAPTER 5: AUGUSTUS HAUSE (1804-1875) AND THE ERIE CANAL

    CHAPTER 6: LABAN AUGUSTUS HAUSE (1831-1906)

    CHAPTER 7: FRANK AUGUSTUS HAUSE (1867-1951)

    CHAPTER 8: TWENTIETH CENTURY MICHIGAN

    CHAPTER 9: CARLISLE HAUSE (1891-1972)

    CHAPTER 10: THE GREAT DEPRESSION

    CHAPTER 11: CARLETON MARCHANT HAUSE, SR. (1917-1983)

    CHAPTER 12: AFTERWARD - THE TWENTY-FIRST CENTURY

    APPENDIX #1: HAUSE FAMILY TIMELINE

    APPENDIX #2: WILLIAM HAUSE GENEALOGY

    APPENDIX #3: THE HAUSE FAMILY IN THE CIVIL WAR

    APPENDIX #4: HAUSE FAMILY BIBLES