"He loved practical jokes. When tourists passed through Memphis, they would stop and ask Carlisle how to get somewhere. He would give them the most complicated directions imaginable—'There's a white barn a mile down that way, and if you turn right the road twists around and comes to the river, then after about six turns there's an old tree and there's a bridge three miles from there, and then if you turn left twice then you'll reach an old guy in a straw hat in a rocking chair smoking a pipe'—and then he'd say, 'Do you understand?' Once the guy would nod yes or no, then Carlisle would finally say, 'Well, you don't go that way.'"
—Jerry Hause, speaking of his uncle Carlisle.


Carlisle Hause
   When CARLISLE HAUSE (5 Apr 1891 - 23 Mar 1972) was about two years old, he was exploring the land around the Raymond house at 12987 Belle River Road and fell into a thirty-foot well. Luckily, he landed on his back, which kept him from drowning. The fire department was called, but these were primitive times, so the fire trucks were horse-driven and slow in coming. So Fladella decided that she couldn't wait any longer and climbed down the well herself—rescuing Carlisle and in the process saving this family line.
   The well incident aside, Carlisle (no middle name) grew up loving the outdoors—especially hunting and fishing—but he always appeared in public dressed formally and immaculately, with starched collars, tailored suits, and perfect ties. He was a noble rustic, who took as much pride in stalking and catching a large buck as he did in discussing literature or tying the perfect Windsor knot. That he would sometimes ruin those clothes sliding down the roof of the store to the ground below didn't seem to bother him (nor the spanking he got for it from Frank), or ruining his shirt while tapping the maple trees around the house to make syrup.
   Carlisle had a pretty good, if dry, sense of humor. He was one of the few to ever dare the wrath of Fladella—even she wasn't spared from his pranks. When she ordered Carlisle and Ray to move a kitchen table into the backyard for a large picnic event, Fladella kept barking orders until Carlisle calmly dropped a milk bucket over her head as he passed by to carry the table out.


Carlisle (second from left) sports the victory sash on the championship track team, although he doesn't seem too happy about it (maybe it had to do with the major wedgie visible in his shorts).

Newspaper Article
File Image
Newspaper: Yale Expositor
Title: Base Ball Notes
Subject: Yale HS vs. Memphis HS
Player: Carlisle Hause
Position(s): Pitcher, 2nd Base
Original Publication Dates: 30 Apr 1909 (Game 1)
07 May 1909 (Game 2)
Game 1   Game 2
SOURCE: The Yale Expositor was published weekly in Yale, St. Clair County, Michigan, by JAS. A. Menzies, succeeding the Weekly Expositor with Vol. 13, no. 20 (Sept. 21, 1894) and is still in publication in 2014.
   Thanks to the efforts of Melissa and Fladella, education had become the chief preoccupation of my family line—they were determined to raise the first generation of college-educated Hause men. To their great joy, Carlisle would go on to become a teacher, like Melissa.
   Carlisle graduated from Memphis High School in 1909, and was active in various sports (track, baseball and soccer), as well as hunting, fishing, and practical jokes. But his main pursuit in high school was for MARJORIE EVELYN MARCHANT (1892-1939), a dark-haired girl in the class of 1911. She had moved to Memphis from Kalamazoo after the death of her father, a band leader and music professor. Marjorie sang herself and performed in plays, and according to the school yearbook, had "two eyes so soft and brown—beware!" Her mother had found work as a maid in the town, and eventually married the man who she kept house for. That marriage was unsuccessful, and she found work in Detroit, so Marjorie left school. But it wasn't as easy leaving Carlisle. She returned to graduate and unlike the crops on Frank Hause's farmland, their romance blossomed.

Newspaper Article
File Image
Title: Carlisle and Marjorie Marchant Hause
Subject: Wedding
Original Publication Date: 1911
View File
   But before the romance could advance any farther, Marjorie's mother was killed in streetcar accident back in Detroit. Marjorie then moved to Minnesota to be closer to what was left of her family, namely her sister Lillian.
   It could have ended there, but Carlisle Hause was always a tireless hunter: He followed Marjorie to Minnesota, swept her off her feet, and married her in 1911, at the home of her sister and brother-in-law Henry Benson, a senator in Minnesota. (Although Carlisle was still in school, the wedding notice in the local Minnesota paper hopefully dubbed him "Professor Carlisle Hause.")

LEFT-RIGHT: A baby photo (if you see all the early photos of the Hause sons, Fladella seemed particularly keen on dressing them up in ridiculously feminine outfits); Carlisle with a pup in 1910, visiting Mount Clemens, where he would eventually live; A formal portrait in the 1914 Aurora Yearbook, giving much the same "get-it-over-with" stare that he had in the baby portrait; Posing with Marjorie, Gretchen and the Raymond clan.

Marchant
   But marriage didn't end Melissa's and Fladella's hopes for Carlisle's college education. After working for a while in insurance, Carlisle relented to their pressure and decided to pursue the new family business. He took classes in education at a school in Ypsilanti specializing in teacher training.
   Michigan State Normal School (now Eastern Michigan University) was founded in 1849. The normal schools were aimed to train teachers for common schools, which were being established at a rapid rate in new towns throughout the state. When the school was founded, the state of Michigan had only been admitted to the union for 12 years, and it was the first educator training school west of the Allegheny Mountains. The State Legislature changed the name in 1899 to Michigan State Normal College (MSNC), the first accredited by North Central Association. Normal College became the first college in Michigan offering work in industrial arts, business, home economics, music, occupational therapy, physical education, and special education. Carlisle decided to teach business.
   To finance Carlisle's education, Melissa and Fladella ran a boarding house near the school—in fact, Carlisle, Marjorie and their new daughter, GRETCHEN (b. 15 Aug 1912) are listed as boarders there in the 1914 Polk's County Directory:

County Directory
File Image
Title: POLK'S Ann Arbor, Ypsilanti and Washtenaw County
Name: Frank & Della Hause
Residence: 19 Hamilton St., Ypsilanti
Page: 539
Date: 1914
View file
County Directory
File Image
Title: POLK'S Ann Arbor, Ypsilanti and Washtenaw County
Name: Frank A. Hause
Residence: 19 Hamilton St., Ypsilanti
Page: 509
Date: 1916
View file

Newspaper Article
File Image
School: Michigan Normal School
Location: Ypsilanti, Michigan
Yearbook: The Aurora Senior Class Annual
Original Publication Date: 1914
View File
   Despie being married with a child, Carlisle was active at the school. He was captain of the soccer team and in various teaching clubs, but he may not have been a very popular student with his own professors. You see, he was a pretty intense guy in his youth, and that could rub people the wrong way. (Have you noticed yet that Carlisle isn't smiling in any of these photos?) Here's an example: In the 1950's my father, Carleton Jr., attended Eastern Michigan University, as the normal school was then called, just like his grandfather Carlisle had done 40 years before. As it happened, one of the older professors there recognized the name "Carl Hause" on the attendance sheet, and asked if there was a relation between Carleton and Carlisle. My dad explained that Carlisle was indeed his grandfather... which was a big mistake: This professor still hated Carlisle so intensely—40 years later—that she gave my dad the only "D" of his college career. (It turns out that Carlisle had missed the final exam in her class in order to argue a traffic ticket in court; then when he was flunked, he went over her head and petitioned the School Dean to retake the test.)

Carlisle Hause and Marjorie Marchant picnic with Ethel Hause, circa 1915. (Raymond Hause photo)

   After finishing school, the family moved to Mount Clemens, the seat of Macomb County, located in southeastern lower Michigan. People came from all over the world to take the health-giving mineral baths in Mount Clemens, and it became known as the "Bath City." The city once encompassed 11 bathhouses and several hotels at its peak. Noted visitors such as film actors Clark Gable and Mae West, athletes Babe Ruth and Jack Dempsey, news magnate William Randolph Hearst, and the Vanderbilt family vacationed in the city for the bath industry. The locals enjoyed the spas a lot less, as the minerals would cook in the summer heat and the entire area would smell like rotten eggs.
   Never content (and quite possibly attempting to escape the smell), Carlisle and his new family resided in three different places in the first four years. The following comes from the annual Mt. Clemens City Directories from 1915 to 1919:

Name Address Street Employer Year
Hause, Carl (Marjorie E.) 68 Hubbard High School 1915
Hause, Carl 16 Ferrin Place High School 1917
Hause, Carl (Marjorie M.) 46 Washington -- 1919

Personal Information
Draft Card
Name: Carlisle Hause
Status: Natural born citizen
Occupation: Teacher
View file
SOURCE INFORMATION: National Archives and Records Administration. World War I Selective Service System Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918. M1509, 20,243 rolls. Washington, D.C.
   On 2 Apr 1917, President Woodrow Wilson went before a joint session of Congress to request a declaration of war against the German Empire, citing Germany's use of submarine warfare in the North Atlantic and the Mediterranean, sinking of ships with U.S. citizens on board, as well as its attempts to entice Mexico into an alliance against the United States in exchange for helping Mexico recover the territory it had ceded to the United States following the Mexican-American War. Wilson declared that the U.S. objective was "to vindicate the principles of peace and justice in the life of the world." On 4 Apr 1917, the U.S. Senate voted in support of the measure to declare war on Germany. The House concurred two days later. In Detroit, the auto industry militarized for victory. Soon guns, bombs, airplane engines, boats, and even an early cruise missile were coming off the lines. (And some are still around. A demolition crew about to raze an old Detroit warehouse in June of 2016 discovered four century-old artillery shells, weighing 150 pounds and dated from World War I. "They were possibly used in the Navy," Detroit police Sgt. Michael Woody said.)
   The war plunged the country into global combat, but fortunately as a new father, Carlisle was able to stay home with his family, especially since he and Marjorie had my grandfather, CARLETON MARCHANT HAUSE, on 24 July 1917.
   While Gretchen was always "daddy's little girl," Carleton always seemed closer to his mother (maybe his middle name of 'Marchant' did it—he eventually gave his own son the same middle name).
   Here are the two children of Carlisle and Marjorie Marchant Hause:

CHILDREN OF CARLISLE AND MARJORIE MARCHANT HAUSE

  • GRETCHEN HAUSE (15 Aug 1912 - 16 Feb. 1985) married Alan Dane "John" Brundage (18 Aug 1912 - 22 May 2008 ) in Detroit in Aug 1939. They had three children: Susan (b. 1940) m. 1) Donald Clifton Emmerling (b. 1942) and 2) Clay Garland Holt (b. 1939); Nancy (b. 23 Sep 1941), m. Jack Karczewski; and James (25 May 1946 - 20 Apr 1999). The family purchased a cabin next to her father's on Vaughn Lake, and Gretchen and the children spent summers there while John worked. She and her family then moved out west, but spent every summer on the lake. She died on 16 Feb 1985 in San Marcos, San Diego Co., California, and her ashes were spread over the Pacific Ocean. Gretchen as a young girl, Posing with her father in 1928; Posing with her mother in 1928; Southeastern High School yearbook photo from 1929, 1932 Michigan State Normal College "Aurora" yearbook; The Brundages with sister-in-law Jeanne Brunner-Hause at Torrey Pines in the 1970s.
  • CARLETON MARCHANT HAUSE was born in 24 July 1917. He started out working in a Michigan factory for his father-in-law, but ended up teaching in Southern California with his wife, JEANNE BRUNNER. "Bud" loved the water, whether in his youth at the cabin on Vaughn Lake, or raising his kids, Carl Jr. and Marjorie, on the shores of Lake Erie in Gibraltar, MI, or at his retirement home on a tributary to the Colorado River at 85344 Parker, LA Paz, Arizona... or finally the Pacific Ocean, where his ashes were spread in 1983 by his loving wife and children.

  • The Carlisle Hause family in 1928: From left to right, Carleton, Marjorie, Gretchen and Carlisle.

       Sometime after 1920, Carlisle moved his family closer to where he taught, into metropolian Detroit. They moved into a house on 201 N. Manistique Ave., and then to a larger home at 3699 Three Mile Drive, built in 1925.
       The 1921 Central High School Yearbook from Detroit, Michigan, says that Carlisle taught "Phonography"—a style of shorthand used by reporters.¹ (Years later, he signed my parents' Wedding Book in that style of shorthand, and today nobody can figure out what he wrote.) He would also use his influence to help his younger brother, Basil, acquire teaching work and find residence in the Detroit area when the economy took a downturn. (In fact, they live across the street from each other on Manistique Avenue in the 1929 Polk's City Directory.) Marjorie enjoyed city life, joining the Women's Club and singing in the choir at the massive First Presbyterian Church on 2930 Woodward Avenue.²
       Being a teacher was a great job during the Great Depression, as Carlisle had a guaranteed salary while many people in other jobs saw their wages drop or cease entirely. In fact, the Great Depression might mark the only time in United States history in which teaching was lucrative work.³ Carlisle used the extra cash to buy a large Christmas tree farm, and property in the north, to pursue his passion for hunting and fishing.
       Although Carlisle lived in a more settled area of Michigan, he never lost his love for the woods. He found a small pocket of unspoiled nature on a lake near the Huron National Forest, and built a summer cabin there, at Vaughn Lake (3964 Lake Street, Glennie, Curtis Township, Alcona County, MI 48737-9328).⁴ Vaughn is a glacial till lake, filled with yellow perch, pumpkinseed sunfish, rock bass, smallmouth bass, walleye, largemouth bass, and northern pike.⁵ As a tenured teacher, Carlisle was one of the lucky few to have a guaranteed salary during the Great Depression, and used the extra money to buy the property.

    LEFT-RIGHT: Carlisle building the cabin on Vaughn Lake; A view of the lake from the cabin, probably taken during the 1930's (there's no dock yet); Carleton Jr. and Marjorie Hause (with lifejackets, of course) swimming in the lake in the late 40's.


    Carlisle with a northern pike (41¾" long; 22 lbs., 7 oz. and inch-long teeth). No way was I going to swim in the same lake as that thing! (Photo courtesy of Susan Brundage Holt.)

       Though always attired in pressed shirts, ties and suits in photographs, Carlisle was an outdoorsman first, and Vaughn Lake was an ideal place to pursue his hunting and fishing hobbies. Carlisle hunted for deer and bear during the winters, and in the summers had epic battles with fearsome northern pike—a prehistoric-looking fish with soulless eyes and neverending rows of large, razor-like teeth. A stuffed head from one of his largest conquests (5-6 feet) used to hang near the fireplace of the cabin, staring down at us like some terrible sea serpent. (The record for a pike in Michigan is about five feet, and this fish is obviously larger, but when my grandfather caught it in the late 1930's, there was nobody around to verify the size.⁶ The head now hangs in my office in Vista, California.) Although the family was vacationing in the woods, good manners and punctuality were still important to Carlisle: Each morning he would tap on your window to go fishing, and that was your one chance to fish on the lake that morning. If you didn't get up right away, the boat would be gone when you finally made it to the dock.
       Carlisle would spend a few days during the winter there on hunting trips, although it was such a remote location that he could be trapped there for weeks if the roads weren't cleared of snow. In the early years of the cabin its only connection to civilization was one extremely unstable wooden bridge, hung across a river by leather straps. In fact, it was so unstable that when my Grandfather later brought his family to visit, he would first make them cross the bridge on foot, and then he would drive the car across the bridge with the driver's door open, so he could jump free if the bridge collapsed. The cabin had no heat, no air conditioning, and no plumbing, which meant that you had to get all of your cooking, drinking and bathing water from a well in front of the cabin, and you had to relieve yourself in an outhouse dug into the earth (hopefully a long ways away from the well).


    Carleton Hause, Unknown (probably Mary Cattermole, listed as Marjorie's cousin on the census and living at their home), Carlisle Hause, Marjorie Marchant Hause and Gretchen Hause.

        One day Marjorie had an accident at their well on Vaughn Lake, when she was injured in the chest by the crank that spun out of control as she tried to raise a bucket of water. Marjorie was a frail person, and soon after she fell ill. The doctors operated in October of 1938 and determined that the cause was breast cancer on her right side, but Carlisle always blamed the well accident for triggering the decline of her physical health.
       Marjorie passed away a year later, on 21 Oct 1939, at their home at 3699 Three Mile Drive, Detroit, just weeks before her grandson, Carleton Marchant Hause, Jr., was born. Three days later, Marjorie was buried with her mother in Section B, Lot 255 at the Woodmere Cemetery in Detroit.
       Distraught and massively depressed, Carlisle tried to literally burn Marjorie from his memory and destroyed every image he had of her. Fortunately, a few glimpses of Marjorie still survive—mostly in the family albums of his relatives. The 1940 Census shows that Marjorie's cousin, 70-year-old "Mary Cattermole" of Canada, had moved into the house, along with Carleton, his wife, Jeanne, and Carelton Jr.

    Newspaper Article
    File Image
    Newspaper: Port Huron Times-Herald
    Title: Mrs. Carlisle Hause Dies At Her Home In Detroit
    Subject: Obituary of Marjorie Marchant-Hause
    Original Publication: October, 1939
    View file
    Personal Information
    Census Image
    Name:   Carlisle Hause
    Age:   48
    Birth year:   1892
    Marital Status:   Widowed
    Home in 1940:   Detroit, Wayne, Michigan
    Occupation:   Science Teacher
    View image
    View blank 1940 census form

    Meister
       On 23 Nov 1940, Carlisle was remarried, to another teacher named EMILY MARIE MEISTER (19 Aug 1904 - 25 May 1996). They taught together at Edwin Denby Technical and Preparatory High School in Detroit. (Here they are in the 1957 Yearbook and the 1960 Yearbook.) Emily's father, REV. JACOB MEISTER (2 Jun 1856 - 27 Nov 1928) was born in Basel, Switzerland and came to the US in 1881, settling in Detroit. He became a teacher, Lutheran minister, and Superintendent of the German Protestant Home for Orphans and Old People on West Grand Blvd in Detroit.
       The surname "Meister" is derived from the Latin word magister (appropriately, a "teacher"), the Yiddish mayster, and the German meister from Old High German meistar, meaning "master" (as in "master craftsman," or as an honorific title). The word is akin to maestro. The Meister surname was first found in found in Switzerland, where the family is considered to have made a great early contribution to the feudal society. Eventually they moved into Germany. The family's Coat of Arms is a blue shield with two silver pales, and two swords in saltire through behind a black mullet pierced.
       "Emmy" was always a lovely woman to us, but according to my father her relationship with my grandfather (her stepson) was always a little chilly, presumably because Carlisle remarried so quickly. However, it was never in Carlisle's character to wait for something—he was always a man who was quick to act. They had no children, but both had a happy, comfortable life, after Carlisle sold his Christmas tree farm to a developer who wanted to build a mall, for a large amount of money. (On a side note, Emily willed my father, her grandson, the money that bought the computer that started this genealogical quest on the Internet.)

    LEFT-RIGHT: At Vaughn Lake, in the early 1970's; The author at age five with bluegill catch, 1966 (watching the water carefully, in case of a northern pike attack); Carlisle and Emmy on the porch.

       Some of our best childhood memories occurred at our great-grandfather's cabin on Vaughn Lake, although we kids would tremble in fear when the adults suggested that we go for a swim in the same water that was filled with the monstrous northern pike, like the one mounted on the cabin wall. But Carlisle had mellowed into a wonderful old man who would magically pull brand-new silver dollars from behind my ears, row me around the lake, sing me fishing songs, and teach me how to catch a bluegill. My father remembers Carlisle's change in temperament well. When my sister Kathy was two, we visited the lake. My sister was having trouble learning to walk, and wore metal braces on her legs to keep her standing straight, which must have affected the emotions of my Great Grandfather. At some point, Kathy attempted to dance for him. Carlisle picked her up, put her on a wooden table, and cheered her on. The metal appendages on Kathy's shoes dug into the surface of the table, causing deep, jagged scratches in the polished wood. My Father began to freak out, expecting an angry explosion from Carlisle—the rest of the furniture in the cabin was of course polished and immaculate. To his shock, though, Carlisle just smiled to see his Great Granddaughter dancing—clapping along with Kathy, shrugging at my Father and saying, "Let her dance!"

    VIDEO: Carlisle visits California in 1963 and sees the ocean for the first time; then reunites with brothers Raymond and Basil Hause for what turned out to be the last time (click on image).

       The last time we visited Vaughn Lake as a family, we pulled up to the cabin to discover 80-year-old Carlisle chopping a huge pile of wood into kindling with an ax. (It was still the only source of heat at the cabin—even during the summer the nights were cold.) Carlisle was still stubbornly determined to be a self-sufficient outdoorsman, despite his age. He was challenging time itself—just like he had battled college professors, judges, and every other challenge he ever faced. Still, a worried Emmy had my Dad secretly cut the rest of the kindling after suggesting that Carlisle take the rest of us for a boat ride around the lake.
       While on the water with my brother Eric and me, Carlisle had a minor heart attack. He winced in pain and slumped backward in the boat. Turning towards the shore, he called out to Emmy, who was talking with my mother onshore, but the pressure in his chest didn't allow much of a yell. Eric and I picked up the call, terrified. Somehow, Carlisle summoned the strength to bring the boat back to the dock as Eric and I watched, both amazed at the battle our great grandfather was waging to survive. After he was helped up to the cabin, he rested for a while, then was back to his old self that evening, singing and cooking up some sunfish.

    Carlisle Hause on his dock at Vaughn Lake with his great-grandsons Eric and Jeff Hause, in 1971. (Notice that I'm not wearing a lifejacket—I'm a ba-a-ad, bad man...)

       Carlisle's granddaughter, Sue Brundage Holt, remembers: "I remember Grandpa coughing a lot and sounding congested, which I attributed to his smoking. He also had some problems with cholesterol. He was supposed to give up his bacon and eggs and high fat diet. He said, 'I've been eating them all of my life, and I'm not going to change now.' He definitely had some lung problems, probably emphysema." Carlisle died in Franklin, Oakland, Michigan, on 23 Mar 1972. But there was then the problem of burial: Carlisle had two wives: Marjorie was interred at Woodmere Cemetery in the southwest section of Detroit, while Emmy was still going strong (and would outlive him by more than 20 years). Carlisle was still a devoted son, and it was decided that his ashes would be placed between the graves of his parents in the Memphis Cemetery.
       Sadly, after Carlisle's death, the family gave up the cabin. "Emily went up there a few times and decided that she did not want to go up there any more and wanted to sell it," according to granddaughter Sue Brundage-Holt. "Jack and Nancy, my sister, offered to buy it. Before they could close on it Jack was transferred to Seattle, Washington and they moved there. After they settled in they were told that Emmy had sold it to someone else." The sale was also a surprise to Carleton, who was once told by Carlisle that the cabin that they built together would one day be his. Mostly, it was just sad that the cabin was no longer available to the family who loved it so much.

    LEFT-RIGHT: The cabin in 2005; The barbecue, which features a large "H' and "1949" carved into the stones; The well, where Carlisle was convinced that Marjorie had what became a fatal accident. They are the only recognizable things left on the cabin site.

       So today, summers for the Hause family are no longer spent in the rustic cabin that Carlisle built, on the peaceful shore of Vaughn Lake. But the cabin is still there—although the logs on three sides are covered over with siding, and a large garage has been added. A sign along the familiar stone pathway reads "World's Greatest Grandpa," but sadly it isn't there for a Hause. Like the monstrous pike that once prowled the lake's depths, the Hauses have disappeared from the area. The cabin was apparently sold again a few years ago, without our knowledge, and now belongs to a nice family who let us walk around the grounds dejectedly and wish we lived there—of course, they have no intention of selling it, as they want it for their grandkids.
       But still, we have a lot of wonderful memories of the forested lakefront propery that Carlisle was able to purchase during the Great Depression on his tenured salary (Melissa was right—it does pay to be a public school teacher). Others in the family, however, weren't so lucky...


    Frank and Fladella Hause
    CHAPTER 11: THE GREAT DEPRESSION (HOW APPROPRIATE!),
    1929 - 1959: The rest of the country catches up to our family in general poverty; Frank and Fladella remain in Memphis; Carlisle moves to the Big City, then goes a little country; Carlisle begat Carleton Sr. who begat Carleton Jr., who will follow Carleton Sr. west, to find better jobs in California.

    NOTES

    ¹—The Centralite, Vol XI; Published by the Senior Class, June, 1921. Faculty Page: "Mr. Carlisle Hause, Phonography."

    ²—The First Presbyterian Church is a large cruciform plan Richardsonian Romanesque building with walls of red rough-cut sandstone, and is considered the finest work of Detroit architect George DeWitt Mason. Completed between 1889 and 1891, it features a massive square tower rising from the cross forms the main, central portion of the structure. The tower, which is buttressed by corner turrets, features tall clerestory windows and is topped by a steep slate covered hip-roof broken by gabled dormers. Short transept arms feature large rose windows in their gable-fronts and are flanked by rectangular extensions. One of the transepts is fronted by an ornate rib-arched triple entrance decorated with variegated, geometric, and organic designs in the spandrals adding a byzantine flavor. Many stained glass windows light the interior of the church including one depicting St John of Patmos by Tiffany and Company. (SOURCE: AIA Detroit: The American Institute of Architects Guide to Detroit Architecture, by Eric J. Hill and John Gallagher. Wayne State University Press, 2002.)

    The First Presbyterian Church (now the Ecumenical Theological Seminary) is located at 2930 Woodward Avenue in Midtown Detroit, Michigan. It was built in 1889 as the First Presbyterian Church. The building is listed on the National Register of Historic Places, and was designated as a Michigan State Historic Site in 1979. (See it as it looks today, here.)

    ³—In April of 1930, while over 90,000 workers were unemployed in Detroit metropolitan area (roughly 28 percent of 400,000 auto-related jobs), the city's teachers actually had their salaries raised by a unanimous vote of the school board. This action sparked outrage in some political circles that were calling for cuts to the city's education budget, but newspapers like The Detroit News, the largest circulation newspaper in the city, warned politicians to "keep their hands off education." SOURCE: The Rise and Fall of an Urban School System: Detroit, 1907-81, by Jeffrey Mirel, University of Michigan Press, 1999. Pages 90-94.

    ⁴—Today Glennie is an unincorporated community at the junction of Bamfield/Glennie Road and M-65 at 44°33'38"N 83°43'33"W. The ZIP code for Glennie is 48737 and includes the eastern two-thirds of Curtis Township, as well as portions of Mitchell Township, Alcona County, Michigan, Millen Township, and Mikado Township in Alcona County, as well as a portions of Oscoda Township and Plainfield Township in Iosco County. Glennie was created during the Michigan lumbering boom in the 1880's, and a depot on the Detroit and Mackinac Railway known as "Glennie Station" and a post office of the same name was established on October 5, 1889, with Ella Deacon as the postmaster. The name was shortened to "Glennie" on October 2, 1894. A plat for the settlement was not officially recorded until 1940. (Romig, Walter (1986) [1973]. Michigan Place Names. Detroit, Michigan: Wayne State University Press.) With over half the township still included in the Huron National Forest, winter snowmobile and summer hiking trails abound.

    ⁵—The first recorded fish sampling at Vaughn was conducted in July 1937. Reported as common were yellow perch, pumpkinseed sunfish, rock bass, northern pike, smallmouth bass, walleye, and largemouth bass. Forage fish observed were black-chin shiner, bluntnose minnow, Iowa darter, Johnny darter, and golden shiner. The only "coarse" fish observed were brown bull-heads. The fish community was most recently surveyed on May 16-18, 1990. The fish community observed in 1990 was very similar to that found in previous surveys. Bluegill, yellow perch, pumpkinseed sunfish, rock bass, and largemouth bass made up 84% of the 788 fish captured. The size distribution appears well balanced with large members of each species present. All (100%) of the northern pike, 35% of the largemouth bass, 82% of the yellow perch, 68% of the bluegill, 82% of the pumpkinseed, and 75% of the rock bass were of catchable size. The one exception to past surveys was that no walleye were captured even though 10,000 spring fingerlings were stocked the previous summer. This plant had been made to supplement the remnant walleye population. The pike apparently still survive, although in much smaller numbers and size. (Michigan Department of Natural Resources Status of the Fishery Resource Report 91-5, 1991.)

    ⁶—Pike are ambush predators; they lie in wait for prey, holding perfectly still for long periods and then exhibit remarkable acceleration as they strike. The northern pike is a largely solitary predator, but sometimes divers observe groups of similar sized pike that practice some cooperation, so there are some "wolfpack" theories by fishermen. The northern pike is a relatively aggressive species, especially with regards to feeding and other such activities. For example, when food rations are poor, cannibalism develops. Because of their prolific and predatory nature, laws have been enacted in some places to help stop the spread of northern pike outside of their native range. For instance, in the states of Maine and California, anglers are required, by law, to remove the head from a pike once it has been caught. (Young, Samantha (2007-09-26). "Calif. Aims to Rid Lake of Northern Pike." Associated Press.)

    OTHER SOURCES

    CHAPTER 1: THE LEGEND OF JOHN (JOHANNES) HAUSE (1690-?)

    CHAPTER 2: JOHN HAUSE (HAWS) (1719-1794)

    CHAPTER 3: WILLIAM E. HAUSE (1750-1818)

    CHAPTER 4: JOHN HAUSE (1773-1844) AND WESTERN NEW YORK

    CHAPTER 5: AUGUSTUS HAUSE (1804-1875) AND THE ERIE CANAL

    CHAPTER 6: THE HAUSE FAMILY IN THE CIVIL WAR

    CHAPTER 7: LABAN AUGUSTUS HAUSE (1831-1906)

    CHAPTER 8: FRANK AUGUSTUS HAUSE (1867-1951)

    CHAPTER 9: TWENTIETH CENTURY MICHIGAN

    CHAPTER 10: CARLISLE HAUSE (1891-1972)

    CHAPTER 11: THE GREAT DEPRESSION

    CHAPTER 12: CARLETON MARCHANT HAUSE (1917-1983)

    CHAPTER 13: AFTERWARD - THE TWENTY-FIRST CENTURY

    APPENDIX #1: HAUSE FAMILY TIMELINE

    APPENDIX #2: HAUSE FAMILY BIBLES

    APPENDIX #3: WILLIAM HAUSE GENEALOGY

    The pocket watch of Carlisle Hause, bought at the start of the 20th Century.