"He was born of Dutch parents in the town of Warwick, Orange Co. New York... In 1802 his parents removed to the 'lake country' and purchased a small place called Ovid Center... two weeks on the way in a covered wagon, as was then usual drawn by a yoke of oxen... In 1805 or 1809 his father sold this purchase to his brother ... and bought out the improvements of a squatter on a two hundred and fifty acre lot which from him has ever since been called Hause's Point."
The early trials of the John Hause family, as recounted by his son, Charles, to a newspaper reporter in 1885.

Ketcham
   JOHN HAUSE (9/15/1773 - 1/17/1844), the eldest son of William and Martha, was born and grew up in the village of Warwick, in Orange County, New York—in a brand-new nation called the United States of America. He probably learned to speak English and German, as families like the Hauses still used the Germanic language in church, as well as on the farm. But with the birth of the new nation emerged a new sense of pride in citizenship, and a pride in things like an official language. American English was branching off from Britain with new words, phrases and colloquialisms that made it distinct. American money was created. American political parties formed. American fashions, music, food and folklore spread throughout the land. Slowly the Palatines, Germans and Dutch assimilated themselves into the national culture with everybody else, forging a new national identity. They were no longer immigrants or indentured servants: They were Americans. (To the point that within the next two generations, the family would no longer have any idea if its origins were German, Dutch, or British.)
   On 6 Nov 1796, John married 17 year-old ESTHER KETCHUM (9/5/1779 - 9/21/1853), the niece of fellow Old School Baptist Church member Philip Ketcham, and the daughter of LT. NATHANIEL KETCHAM, a carpenter in Warwick and a hero in the Revolutionary War (here's his account of the war). So while William and Nathaniel exchanged war stories at Baird's Tavern in Warwick, and talked of the past, their children John and Esther planned a future, and a move west to newly-opened areas of New York, where the Seneca Indians (who had fought with the British) were being removed.

"... Two weeks on the way in a covered wagon, as was then usual drawn by a yoke of oxen."
Profile of Charles Hause, 1885

Deed Information
Deed Index
Deed Index: Military lots
Township: Cayuga Lake Reservation
County: Seneca
State: New York
Years: 1804 - 1812
View file
SOURCE INFORMATION: Seneca County Clerk's office, 1 Di Pronio Dr., Waterloo, NY 13165. Telephone: (315) 539-9294.
   Then in 1802, John and Esther headed for "new" land to raise a family on. They traveled by ox cart, and navigation was done with a pocket compass. The oxen were slow and they ate a lot—and because they were unable to sweat, John had to stop often and let them cool off. But oxen were smart: John didn't need reins to guide them, because they were controlled entirely by voice commands: "Haw" for left, "Gee" for right, "Whoa" for stop, and "Come up" if he wanted them to work harder. Unlike horses, they would never bolt while hauling the family's possessions.
    Land was still abundant, and as John acquired property (such as the property that is today 4405 Route 89, Ovid, New York), he would then leave his family there to work the land, while he continued on to stake more claims. One possible location is revealed by an act passed by the state's legislature in 1801, for "improving the state road from the house of John House of Utica to the village of Cayuga, and from thence to Canadarque, Ontario County."¹ John soon owned a farm double the size of the average place. His farm business prospered, as did his family.

CHANGE OF NEW YORK ADDRESS

At first glance when reading census records, it seems like the Hause family was moving all over the place during the 19th Century, but a history of the counties in New York reveals that the names of their residences were changing as much as their actual homes, as county boundaries changed practically every decade:
  • On January 27, 1789, 10,480 square miles of Montgomery County was split off to create Ontario County, including the lands of the present Niagara, Steuben, Yates, and part of Schuyler Counties. The Hause family would be moving into this area over the next two decades.
  • On March 18, 1796, 1,800 square miles of Ontario County was partitioned to form Steuben County, which is where William Hause moved with his family in the early 1800s, followed by his son, John Hause.
  • In 1799, Cayuga County was formed by the splitting of Onondaga County. This county included the present Seneca County (where John Hause would move in the next few years), Tompkins County, and part of Wayne County.
  • In 1800, the town of Washington, where John Hause would live, was established from part of the Town of Romulus in Cayuga County.
  • In 1803, the town of Washington in Cayuga County, which held the land where John Hause lived, adopted the new name of Fayette.
  • In 1804, Seneca County was formed by the splitting of Cayuga County.
  • In 1807, the community of "Plainview," where William Hause would live, was settled in Steuben County.
  • In 1822, the town of Tyrone was formed from the Town of Wayne in Steuben County at a meeting at Joseph Hause's tavern. The town was named by Gen. William Kernan, one of the original settlers and the father of United States Senator Francis Kernan.
  • On February 5, 1823, Yates County was formed from 310 square miles of Ontario County. The name is in honor of Joseph C. Yates, who as Governor of New York signed the act establishing the county.
  • On January 1, 1826, 60 square miles of Steuben County was partitioned and added to Yates, which included Starkey, Plainview (which held the land of William Hause), and Lakemont, New York.
  • Around 1834, residents of Plainview in Yates began to seek a new name for the village and, persuaded by a native of Scotland, named the village "Dundee."
  • In 1854, portions of Steuben, Chemung and Tompkins counties were combined to form Schuyler County, which including Tyrone, the town created by the sons of William Hause, and where many of the Hauses are buried.
  • On April 18, 1946, Yates gained 10 square miles from Schuyler and Seneca counties, which produced the current borders of Yates County, including William Hause's old property, up the road from where his sons lived in Tyrone.

"Very few advantages were offered his youth, but few schools, no churches and their nearest mill was at Waterloo. The wild unbroken forest was spread out all around them with here and there only a settler. The timid gentle deer fed with their herds on their fields of grain till he had reached his early youth."
Profile of Charles Hause, 1885

19th Century Seneca County farm (Tyre Township).
   Very little is known about the intimate lives of the American people on the frontier during this era, for such things were rarely recorded. We know they were a hardworking agricultural people, who played as hard as they worked. One example: On June 16, 1806, there was a total eclipse of the sun across the northern United States, and for a few hours, all work ceased as the country was covered in darkness. "The people stood in silent amazement," wrote a Reverend in Massachusetts. But a lot of Americans weren't standing, because nine months later there was a marked increase in the number of births (the same reverend counted four births in just one neighborhood that he visited). John and Esther didn't participate in this mini-population explosion, but they didn't need to, since they already had five children, and would add seven more in the next dozen years:

CHILDREN OF JOHN HAUSE AND ESTHER KETCHAM

  • DELABAR HAUSE was born on 7 Sep 1797 in Orange Co., New York. He married Sarah Burroughs (b. 4 Dec 1794 in Hunterdon Co, NJ). They appeared in the 1830 US census in Seneca Falls, Seneca Co, NY, ("Dellaber Hause," 1 male 15-20, 1 male 30-40, 1 female 0-5, 1 female 10-15, 1 female 30-40), and in the 1860 US census in Nunda, Livingston Co, NY, ("Delaby HOUSE," age 63 born NY, Sarah 66, NJ). Sarah died after the 1860 census, probably in Nunda, Livingston Co, NY. He died on 18 Feb 1868, at age 70.
  • CHARLES HAUSE was born on 3 March 1799 in Orange Co., New York. He married Elizabeth Young and they had: Caroline (b. 1837), Ethial (1840-1864), Marilda (Moyer, 1841-1880), Alonzo (1844-1927), a twin (1844-1844) and Cordelia (b. 1846)—making him by far the best child-namer in his generation of Hauses. He died in June of 1885, and you can read his obituary, in the Havana Journal, Saturday, 20 Jun 1885, by clicking on the image at right. He is buried at is buried at the Hause Point Cemetery (Canoga Cemetery) in Seneca Falls, Seneca County, New York (Section 5 Plot 74). See Charles' son Alonzo and his descendants in 1919 at Canoga Pond here.
  • ELECTA ANN HAUSE was born on 2 Jan. 1801 in Orange co., New York. She married John D. Williams, Jr., 0n August 25, 1818. According to an article from the "History of Seneca Co., NY," John D. Jr, the son of John D. Williams, was the first white person to be born on the Indian Reservation. The reservation was divided up for Rev. War veterans. They had the following children: Caroline, Mary, Roxanna, James, Maria and Frances Josephine Williams. Electa and John Jr. are buried at the Hause Point Cemetery (Canoga Cemetery), in Seneca Falls, Seneca County, New York (Section 5 Plot 205). There is a joint tombstone for the two (pictured at right), with the following: "Orange County was her birthplace, And Fayette was her station, Heaven is her dwelling place, And Christ is her salvation." The date of birth on her tombstone is 3 Jan 1801. She died on 25 Aug 1869 in Canoga, Seneca Co., N Y. The information on Birth, Marriage, and Death are taken from loose sheets inside Samuel Deal's Bible.
  • AUGUSTUS HAUSE was born 14 Jan 1804 and married (1) JANE JONES (1802-1850). They had four children, John J. (1829-1912), Laban Augustus (1831-1906), Augustus Jr. (1835-1913) and Basheba Jane Hause (1838-1913) and moved to Royalton, New York, near the Erie Canal and prospered on a large farm. After Jane died, he married (2) Fanny Christopher (1825-1901) and had to more daughters: Sarah A. (1863-1870), and Ella E. Hause (1867-1926). Augustus is buried wirth Jane and Sarah at the Royalton Union Baptist Cemetery, in Royalton Niagara, New York. Click on the photo at right to access the Augustus Hause Genealogy Page.
  • AZUBAH HAUSE was born on 28 March 1806, named after aunt Azubah Ketcham (28 Feb 1790 - 14 Aug 1850). She died on 31 March 1821, three days after her fifteenth birthday, in Seneca County. Azubah is buried at the Hause Point Cemetery (Canoga Cemetery) in Seneca Falls, Seneca County, New York (Section 5 Plot 72).
  • BELINDA HAUSE was born on 28 April 1808. She married James Updike (b. 1 Oct 1803) on 21 Jan 1829: "Married—On Thursday last by Rev. Lane—Mr. James Updyke to Miss Belinda Hause both of Fayette."—From the Waterloo Gazette, published by George Lewis. They had the following children: Belinda, Chester, Almira, Catherine, Martin, Alanson, Esther, Charity, Phoebe, Carolyn and James Updike, Jr. They moved to Lenawee county, Michigan, sometime before 1840. Biography of James Updike, Jr., from Portrait and biographical album of Lenawee County, Mich, Volume 1, by Chapman Brothers, 1888, p. 249: "They continued in the Empire State until after the birth of three children." Belinda died on 30 Nov 1873.
  • ALANSON HAUSE was born on 12 March 1810 in Canoga, Seneca Co., New York. He married Margaret Van Fleet (who was about 15 years younger than him) and they had: Lansing Hause, Abram B. (1840-1842), Melissa J. (1843-1897), Albert Elisha (1849-1912), Theron J. (1852-1858), Emma E. Hause (1856-1879). He remained in Fayette and farmed the family lands, still working there during the 1880 census, and died on 12 Dec 1880. He is buried at Hause Point Cemetery (Canoga Cemetery), in Seneca Falls, Seneca County, New York (Section 5 Plot 72)
  • JOHN HAUSE, JR. was born 12 March 1812 in Canoga, Seneca Co., New York. That's right, ANOTHER John! He married Belinda Burtless on 31 Dec 1835 in Waterloo, Seneca Co., and had the following children: James (1839-1925), John (1 Dec 1842 - 19 July 1894), Sarah (1851-1928) and Esther Ann (1837 - 2 Dec 1911). The family moved to Lenawee Co., Michigan in about 1835 with John's cousin, Stanford Hause. In the census' in 1870 and 1880, they lived on a farm in Leoni, Jackson, Michigan. He died on 19 Jul 1894 and is buried at Riverside Cemetery, in Clinton, Lenawee Co., MI. See a genealogy from his family here. (.PDF file; Thanks to Christopher Hause.)
  • CAROLINE HAUSE was born on 18 Feb 1814 in Seneca, New York. She died on 24 Aug 1816 in Seneca, New York, and is buried at the Hause Point Cemetery (Canoga Cemetery), in Seneca Falls, Seneca County, New York (Section 5 Plot 72).
  • LOISA HAUSE was born on 11 Feb 1816, but died before her first birthday. She is buried at Hause Point Cemetery (Canoga Cemetery), in Seneca Falls, Seneca County, New York (Section 5 Plot 72).
  • FANNIE JANE HAUSE was born on 21 Nov 1817 in Canoga, Seneca Co., New York. She married Nathan C. Roberts and had a daughter, Ameretta Roberts. Fannie died at age 21. Nathan was a butcher. He remarried and was living with his son-in-law, Austin Emens, in the Fayette 1880 census.
  • LOUISA M. HAUSE was born on 10 Feb 1819 in Seneca Co., New York. She married Gideon S. Wilbur of Washington, Dutchess, New York, on 15 Feb. 1843. He was superintendent of the poor for about fifteen years and was deputy sheriff for two years. "The death of Gideon Wilber occurred when he had reached the venerable age of eighty-five years. In his family were five children, one daughter and four sons." (Source: The History of Cass County.) Among the children were: Francis, Theodore and Lloyd. In the 1870 census, they lived on a two hundred and sixty acre farm next to Theodore and his wife, Fannie, in La Grange, Cass County, Michigan. Louisa died on 11 July 1902.
  • CAROLINE LOUISE HAUSE was born on 12 Apr 1821 in Canoga, Seneca Co., New York. In 1844, she married John Storm Gage (1816-1888) and had four kids: Annis A (1849-1895), Cyrus J (1850-1887), Ira Barnes (1855-1928) and Ina Gage (1862-1862). The last of John's kids to be alive, Caroline chronicled the Hause genealogy for the family then died on 17 Sep 1905 in Dowagiac, Cass Co., MI. Caroline and John are buried at Gage Cemetery, Cass County, Michigan.
  • Book Information
    Book Image
    Name: The TOWN OF FAYETTE, Seneca County, New York
    Author: Diedrich Willer
    Publisher: W. P. Humphrey
    Year: 1900
    Page: 140
    Early Settlers
    View image (.PDF)
       Eventually John and Esther moved onto 203 acres on the western shore of Lake Cayuga in New York, next to a family named Dysinger, who would ally with the Hauses for the next hundred years. The area was organized in 1800, after being purchased from the Cayuga and Seneca Indians of the Iroquois Confederation of Nations in 1789. (In other words, the U.S. slaughtered the native people, burned their villages, and took their land in retaliation for helping the British Army attack white squatters on their land during the Revolutionary War.)
       The town was called Washington until 1808 (John is registered on an 1804 jury list), when it was changed to honor French General Gilbert Motier de LaFayette. Fayette was situated between two beautiful lakes, with the northern boundary formed by a river. This made the soil rich and ideal for planting, and the winter climate and temperature was favorably softened by the proximity of the lakes. The water in those lakes was filled with salmon, the woods were full of bear and deer, and the brush was abundant with strawberries, gooseberries and mulberries. Outside of the occasional Indian attack, it was truly a paradise. John officially purchased land there in 1812, even though his son Alanson was born there in 1810. It was a "military farm lot," but whether it was acquired through the Revolutionary War service of John's father, William, or Esther's father, or through his own military service is unknown.
       John's property, a Military Lot located nearby on the edge of the Cayuga Reservation, was ceded to him on December 28, 1812. It was renamed Hause's (or Hauze's) Point, and a creek running onto the property was named after him as well.


    John Hause's lakefront land on Hauze's Point and Hauze's Creek (sic), near Fayette in Seneca County. (Click here to see the entire map of Seneca County.)

    Militiaman during the War of 1812
       John and Esther stopped having children for a two-year period between 1812 and 1814, this was probably because John was active in the military during the War of 1812, a 32-month military conflict between the United States and the United Kingdom. It was an unpopular war—from its inception, it was a war of offense, not of defence—and there wasn't a sense that people were fighting for their freedom, or their homes, as they were 29 years before during the Revolution. In fact, when Congress voted on the act which embodied the declaration of war, a majority of representatives from New York voted against it. Still, on June 18th 1812, war was declared. Congress authorized the president to organize, arm and equip a militia "to hold in readiness to march at a moment's notice, to suppress insurrection and repel invasions."
       Assembling an army proved to be difficult. The militia system had decayed since the Revolutionary War, and the Constitution had divided authority over the militia between the state and national governments. Americans' traditional fear of a standing army, and possible military overthrow, resulted in the young republic depending too heavily upon untrained militia, rather than regulars. So there was a lack of trained fighters and commanders. Furthermore, they could not to be compelled to serve a longer time than six months, so by the time they learned how to fight, they would leave.
       However, when war was finally declared, New York supplied 77,896 men to the war effort—providing their own arms and clothing—and at least 180 Seneca County men performed military duty. John Hause served as a sergeant in Lt. Col. Henry Bloom's 1st Regiment of Det. Militia, Seneca County, New York, in Capt. Samuel Blain's company, and his payroll cards from 7 Sep 1813 to 17 Dec 1813 are in the state archives. It would've been hard not to fight in the war, since skirmishes were fought right up the street from his house.

    Personal Information
    Muster Payroll Image
    Name: John Hause
    County: Seneca Co. NY
    Military Pay Dates: 7 Sep 1813 -
    7 Oct 1813

    Rank:

    Sergeant

    Company:

    Capt. Samuel Blain's

    Regiment:

    Det. Militia, N.Y.
    Payroll Card
    Personal Information
    Muster Payroll Image
    Name: John Hause
    County: Seneca Co. NY
    Military Pay Dates: 7 Oct 1813 - 17 Dec 1813

    Rank:

    Sergeant

    Company:

    Capt. Samuel Blain's

    Regiment:

    Det. Militia, N.Y.
    Payroll Card
    SOURCE INFORMATION: New York (State). Adjutant General's Office. War of 1812 abstracts of payrolls for New York State militia ("payroll cards"), 1812-1814, Series B0810 (23.5 cu. ft.). New York State Archives, Albany, New York.

       The primary U.S. undertaking in the war was to be the conquest of Canada. The American plan of campaign, at the beginning of the war, included invasion of Upper Canada at either end of Lake Erie. It turned out the war wasn't too popular in Canada, either. When U.S. troops seized the Upper Canadian capital of York in the spring of 1813, many citizen soldiers were only too happy to surrender to the Americans. Colonists from the neighbouring countryside (many of them recent arrivals from the United States, lured north by the promise of free land) flooded into the occupied capital to surrender and seek parole, and the U.S. troops issued hundreds of parole certificates to settlers. However, the expedition against Montreal in the fall of 1813 was one of the worst fiascoes of the war.
       The war reopened old wounds in the Hause/Hawes/Haus/House family, both literally and figuratively, with the families or the Loyalists and Patriots fighting once again. The New York side attacked, and the now-Canadian side of the family and Butler's Rangers rode again. The Battle of Stoney Creek, near the Canadian home of Harmanus House, turned the tide of the American invasion into Canada, assuring the defense of the Niagara Peninsula and its retention by the British.
       How many in the Hause/House/Hawes family actually fought during this war is impossible to say. Muster roll calls are hard to find, but here's a list of claim awards from the Veterans of New York:²

    NUMBER NAME RESIDENCE AMOUNT
    5,437 Hause, George Cameron, Steuben Co., NY $53.00
    2,607 Hause, John Seneca Co., NY $11.00
    2,611 Hause, John Seneca Co., NY $25.54½
    1,253 Hause, William Niagara Frontier, NY $25.03
    1,198 Hauser, William Manlius, Onondaga Co., NY $68.00
    4,374 Hawes, David Jr. Beekmantown, N.Y. $20.50
    15,143 Haws, Morris F. Walworth County, Wisconsin $25.00
    8,308 Hawse, Abraham Granby, New York $18.25
    4,161 House, Chester (by admin.) Rome, NY $29.50
    14,293 House, Chester (by Widow) Kendall Co., IL $13.00
    10,571 House, Conrad Ann Arbor, Washtenaw Co., MI $38.00
    8,886 House, Conrad P. Avoca, NY $58.00
    5,397 House, David Pamelia, Jefferson Co., NY $78.00
    9,264 House, Harmanus (by admin.) Ithaca, Tompkins Co., NY $58.00
    319 House, Isaac Onondaga Co., NY $22.50
    13,646 House, Jacob (by Widow) Columbia Co., NY $73.00
    7,821 House, John Rockland Co., NY $58.50
    2,193 House, Joseph Lewis Co., NY $17.00
    16,528 House, Joseph P. Wheeler, NY $57.00
    13,478 House, Lewis Canada $73.00
    14,522 House, Reynard Orange Co., NY $55.00
    9,356 House, Thomas Le Ray, Jefferson Co., NY $60.00


    Black Sheep: Lewis House.
       The most famous story of the two warring sides of the Haus family facing off again is recorded in The Annals of The Forty: LEWIS HOUSE, listed above, was the grandson of Nicholas House. He invaded Canada with the American Troops, and was taken prisoner at the Battle of Lundy's Lane. He was sent to a prison camp in Canada, that happened to be near John House's farm at Cave Springs in Clinton Township. John was the son of Harmanus Haus—the brother of Lewis' grandfather.
       The prisoners were allowed to go to the farm for water, and one day Lewis House, prisoner, met CATHERINE HOUSE, granddaughter of Loyalist Harmanus House... and they fell in love. Fortunately Harmanus wasn't around to see his granddaughter romanced by a United States House, or Lewis might've suffered the same hayfield treatment as John Bellinger!!!
        On June 16, 1818, the Reverend William Sampson of St. Andrew's Church, Grimsby, united the young couple in marriage. Lewis remained in Canada, and eventually secured a piece of the (other) House family farm. How can it be incest if you're from different countries, right? (In The House Family of the Mohawk, Shaver just assumed that Lewis was the son of John, Catherine's Dad, and they were brother and sister. Nooooooot quite, but close...) Anyway, Lewis gets my BLACK SHEEP OF THE 1800's award for flocking with a relative.³
       The war climaxed at the Battle of Lundy's Lane, the bloodiest ever fought on Canadian soil, near Niagara Falls, Ontario, in 1814. In a vicious six hour fight in the heat and darkness, a British force amounting to nearly five thousand men fought an American force of about two-thirds that number. The losses were severe: Eight hundred and seventy-eight men on the British and eight hundred and fifty-one on the American side.
       The United States forces retreated the next day to Fort Erie, and the War of 1812 finally, mercifully ended. The young nation to the south and the loyal British colony to the north remained separate, to develop into the societies known today as the United States and Canada, and create a House family divided (bad pun intended).


       After the war, the Haus/House/Hause family reverted back to there simple lives as farmers, carpenters, yeomen and bad spellers.
       Farming hadn't changed much in New York since the time of Johann Christian Hauß. Four generations later, Johann's Americanized namesake (John) and other farmers moved west to open land, where they built homesteads near a stream or river. Although many of their farming methods were passed down from Germany, they had also adopted the ways of the Indians: they planted corn, beans and squash together in mounds about three feet tall and five feet across. When the corn was planted, a dead fish was buried next to it to fertilize the plant. The corn grew tall by late July, and the bean plants wrapped themselves around the corn stalks, and the squash and gourds covered the ground, preventing weeds from sprouting.
       John Hause was an industrious man. He started out on such a substinence-level farm, raising the crops he needed, then selling the extra produce at weekly markets. He sold flaxseed, corn and cattle to coastal cities, where they were exported to the West Indies and Europe. But it was very hard work: Harsh winters, short growing seasons, and unpredictable weather necessitated constant vigilance. One man could only cultivate three or four acres using the farming methods of the time. So some farmers bought slaves, while others hired help.


    An overview of Seneca County in 2005, showing Cayuga Lake and Canoga Marsh (foreground). The cemetery holding John and Esther Hause is in the lower right.

       The average farm was less than a hundred acres in size, but John's had grown to two and a half times that large. But only about sixty acres were probably used for farming. The rest of the property would have been covered in large trees, which John needed to build tools, furniture, his barn and his cabin, made from bark-covered logs. His fields were planted with oats, flax, potatoes, hay, corn and wheat. Apple, peach, pear and plum trees were planted in clearings on the hillsides. In spring, he and his sons used teams of oxen to pull a wooden plow across the rocky New York soil. The blade of the plow was coated with sheet iron or old saw blades, and tipped with brittle iron. If it broke (which was often), then the plowing was concluded for the day. Grain was sowed by "broadcasting"—throwing the seeds over a wide area by hand. Weeds were pulled by hand or chopped with a hoe, and the finished product was cut with a scythe. Their diet was augmented with his musket, hunting squirrels, rabbits, wild turkeys, ducks and other game. In fact, the people on the farms of America were the best-fed people in the world at that time. (Sadly it would add up to a lot of extinct or endangered animal species. At the time the supply seemed unlimited.)
       In New York, the five or six weeks of the haying season, between late July and early August, were the hardest. Merchants, lawyers, police and craftsmen all closed up shop and headed into their fields for the harvest. One New Yorker, John Burroughs, wrote that haying had "the urge, the hurry, the excitement of a battle." The men assembled in the field before daybreak, "to cut the grass while the dew is still on," when it was the easiest to mow, swinging their long-handled scythes through the long grass. They stopped only periodically to gulp rum or brandy and resharpen their scythe blades on grindstones. To lead "a gang of hands in hay" was an honor given to the fastest mower, and made him the dominant male in the neighborhood. Not only were the slow mowers made fun of by the others, their ankles were often nicked and slashed from the blades swung by the men coming up behind them in the darkness. The mowing was over by noon, and the men then waited until after dinner to rake, gather and and haul away the harvested hay.
       There is an old saying that the bones of Yankees were made of Indian corn. This was because corn was the staple product of the farm. It was eaten green in summers, but usually it was left to ripen in order to make cornmeal and hominy. It also fed the animals, and was processed into meal by the local miller. The cobs were used to plug jugs and fuel fires.
       At harvest time, John and his sons would cut the corn with long knives and "shock up" the stalks to dry for a few weeks before hauling them into the barn, where the ears waited to be husked in colder weather. Threshers wouldn't be invented for years yet, so their neighbors would turn out and help with the husking, as was the tradition in Early American farms. In fact, it was handled more as a party. A girl at a husking bee got kissed each time her beaux found a red-kerneled ear. Neighborhood huskings occurred until every farm in the neighborhood had cleared its barns, around Christmas. Then Esther and the women would set out a large meal for everyone.
       The fruit in the orchard was dried, or cooked with sugar to make preserves and jelly, for use in the winter. It was also used for cider, which John distilled into Applejack (apple brandy). He also made peach brandy, plum brandy, and rye whisky. A gallon jug was available to the men at every husking. It was also bartered as money.
       The flax stalks were beaten to pull the long linen fibers out of them, which Esther would spin into yarn to make clothes. In the spring, John and his sons would fleece the sheep for wool. Esther then made clothing for the family, as well as their bedding, on a large loom.
       Other clues to John's and Esther's lives on the farm are revealed in this 1885 newspaper profile of their son, Charles:⁴

       By chance last week we passed a night with the aged pioneer Mr Charles Hause on Hause's Point on the west shore of Cayuga Lake. In the morning we learned it was Mr Hause's birthday (86th) and that he had spent eighty of these years on the same point of land.
       He was born of Dutch parents in the town of Warwick, Orange Co. N.Y. March 3, 1799, a babe in his mother's arms when the "Father of his Country Died". In 1802 his parents removed to the "lake country" and purchased a small place called Ovid Center, the same farm lately owned by Geo Helfuean, son-in-law of your townsman A. Flickinger, Esq. In 1805 or 1809 his father sold this purchase to his brother ... and bought out the improvements of a squatter on a two hundred and fifty acre lot which from him has ever since been called Hause's Point.
       Here Charles' first distinct memory of practical life begins, although he now recalls several incidents of their carving into the wilderness; two weeks on the way in a covered wagon, as was then usual drawn by a yoke of oxen.
       Very few advantages were offered his youth, but few schools, no churches and their nearest mill was at Waterloo.
       The wild unbroken forest was spread out all around them with here and there only a settler. The timid gentle deer fed with their herds on their fields of grain till he had reached his early youth. When he had reached his majority he bought thirty acres of the rear part of his father's purchase and began life for himself. In 1826 he married Miss Elizabeth Young, and together they toiled adding to his little lot which with a portion set off to him from his father's estate now makes his farm one hundred and four acres of excellent grain land.
       Five children blessed their union, two sons and three daughters. One of these sons he gave to his country and he fell in the war for the Union at Cold Harbor, Va., and now lies in an unknown and unnamed grave. His wife, the faithful sharer of his struggles and triumphs, died in 1865 and two of the three daughters since then. He married a second time but was a second time bereaved and now, like a lone forest tree, almost branchless and leafless, blasted by many storms and winds of adversity, he waits his own removal.

    Personal Information
    Census Image
    Name: John Hause
    Township: Fayette
    County: Seneca
    State: New York
    Year: 1820
    Roll: M33_75
    Page: 384
    Image Number: 100

    No. of persons engaged in agriculture:

    4
    View image
    View blank 1820 census form
    SOURCE: 1820 United States Federal Census. M33, 142 rolls. National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C.
       The official enumeration day of the 1820 census was August 7th, 1820. There was now a total of twenty-three states in the Union to be canvassed. The six new states were Louisiana, Indiana, Mississippi, Illinois, Alabama and Maine.
       Enumerators of the 1820 census were asked to include the following categories in the census: name of head of household, number of free white males and females in varying age categories; number of other free persons except Indians not taxed; number of slaves; and town or district and county of residence. Additionally, the 1820 census for the first time asked the number engaged in agriculture.
       By the time of this census, William Sr. was dead (he passed away in 1818), but John Hause (name finally spelled H-a-u-s-e) and his family (twelve strong) are now thriving in Fayette. In 1824, John bought back about a hundred acres he had sold from the north part of Lot 57 for one thousand and forty-two dollars, cash, so we know he was doing pretty well financially (page 1, 2).
       The holy men in Fayette were prospering as much as the farmers, as the area was becoming the hotbed of religious controversy in the United States.
       At this time, religion was making a comeback in America. A new religious idea called "deism" spread throughout the country. It followed the teachings of Jesus but denied his divinity. (The Unitarian Church is an outgrowth of this movement.) Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, John Adams and George Washington were all deists. But Seneca County was a very religious area, and the farmers there spent all of their hours either planting, parenting or praying. Churches were numerous in the community, and most of them still spoke German. Esther Hause, came from an extremely Christian family and helped form the Second Baptist Church on March 20, 1819—but even that event would be superseded by a new, controversial faith: The Mormon Church was created just down the road from the Hause farm, at the house of Peter Whitmer on Lot 13.
        In June of 1829, Oliver Cowdery, the schoolmaster in the Yost district of Fayette, and church founder Joseph Smith called upon David Whitmer (son of Peter), and requested that Whitmer to go with them into the woods nearby. Upon reaching a secluded spot they all engaged in prayer, when according to all three men, a very brilliant light enveloped them. An angel appeared with a table, on which were several golden plates that they were told to examine. They were commanded to bear witness of their experience to the world. Smith and the Whitmers transcribed the plates in Fayette, and from that created the Book of Mormon. It describes the history, wars, and religious beliefs of a group of people (c. 600 BC - AD 421) who migrated from Jerusalem to America. Smith then baptized the very first Mormons in Seneca Lake.

    From "History of Seneca Co., 1786-1876" [Ensign, Everts, Ensign, Philadelphia, 1876; reprinted by W.E. Morrison & Co., 1976]
    "About the year 1820, Seneca Falls and Fayette were visited by an odd-looking boy, clad in tow frock and trowsers, and barefooted. He hailed from Palmyra, Wayne County, and made a living by seeking hidden springs. This boy was Joseph Smith, the founder of Mormonism. On September 23, 1823, an angel appeared to Smith at Manchester, Ontario County, and told him that in the hill 'Cumorah' lay buried golden plates on which was engraved the history of the mound-builders, full and complete. The plates were duly unearthed and the translation commenced. Three men believed the new doctrine, Martin Harris, a well-to-do farmer, David Whitmore, and Oliver Cowdry, whose pen gave the prophet great assistance. Harris mortgaged his farm for money to print the 'Book of Mormon', went to Ohio, lost all, and came back a poorer and wiser man. Mrs. Harris consigned a hundred or more pages of manuscript to the fire, delayed the work; and finding her husband infatuated, left him." (Page 34)


    Peter Whitmer Sr. Replica Log House, built on the site where the Mormon Church was created in Fayette, on 6 April 1830, just down the road from the Hause farm.
        The reception by the rest of the town wasn't too different from that of Mrs. Harris, so in January of 1831, Smith announced that "revelations were received" instructing the Latter-day Saints to move to Ohio—to "a more friendly environment." Whitmer left with Smith and the others, but eventually broke away from the church for moral reasons—mainly having to do with polygamy.
       So as you can see, with all of the church meetings, baptisms, and angry mobs chasing the Mormons out of town, Fayette was a busy place on Sundays.

    Personal Info
    Census Image
    Name: Hause, John
    Township: Fayette
    County: Seneca
    State: New York
    Year: 1830
    Roll: 109
    Page: 59
    View image
    View blank 1830 census form
    Personal Information
    Census Image
    Name: J House
    Township: Fayette
    County: Seneca
    State: New York
    Roll: 339
    Page: 345

    Year:

    1840

    Pages:

    2
    View image (2)
    View blank 1840 census form
    SOURCE INFORMATION: United States Federal Census. National Archives and Records Administration, Washington DC.

       The official enumeration day of the 1830 census was June 1st. There were a total of twenty-four states in the Union, Missouri being the latest addition. The new territory of Florida also had its first census in 1830.
       Enumerators of the 1830 census were asked to include the following categories in the census: name of head of household; number of free white males and females in varying age categories up to over 100; the name of a slave owner and the number of slaves owned by that person; the number of male and female slaves and free "colored" persons by age categories; the number of foreigners (not naturalized) in a household; and the number of deaf, dumb, and blind persons within a household.
       John's sons are now working the land on Hause's Point in Fayette. Some, like Charles and 25-year-old Augustus, are working their own part of the property, in their own homes, and starting families of their own. By the time of the 1840 Census, Augustus is gone, but sons Charles and Alanson are still working the land nearby.


    An map of Fayette in 1850. John Hause's property has been divided amongst his 11 living children. (Click here to enlarge.)

    Personal Information
    Census Image
    Name: Esther Hause
    Age: 69
    Birthplace: New York
    Home in 1850:

    Fayette, Seneca
    New York

    Estimated Birth Year: 1781
    Attended School within year No
    Page: 146
    Roll: M432_597
    Year: 1850
    View image
    View blank 1850 census form
    SOURCE INFORMATION: 1850 United States Federal Census. M432, 1009 rolls. National Archives and Records Administration, Washington DC.
       Upon John's death in 1844, his farm was divided into eleven parcels, each of them given to one of his eleven living children. Esther moved into the house of her son, Alanson (where she appears in the 1850 Census, at right), and then each of her children paid her about fifteen bucks a year in rent. But the next Hause in our line, Augustus, had long since moved on to Niagara County.
       The area was still a hotbed of culture clashes. A few miles up the lake from Esthewr, in Seneca Falls, the women's rights movement was born in 1848. Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott organized a convention at the Wesleyan Chapel (now part of the Women's Rights National Historical Park). The Declaration of Sentiments and Resolutions, based on the Declaration of Independence, was read to the assembly. It stated that men and women should be treated equally, and that women should have the right to vote. Although Esther Ketcham-Hause never had the right to vote in her lifetime, she wasn't afraid to express her opinions. She had palsy later in life, among other problems, but that didn't stop her from being an EXTREMELY opinionated matriarch.

    "I will and bequeath to my daughter Electa one dollar and request that she may purchase a Bible therewith, and the constant perusal thereof will be of more benefit than any earthly bequest I can give her."
    Esther Ketcham-Hause, dictating her will.

    Personal Information
    CourtImage
    Name: Hause, Esther Ketcham
    Township: Fayette
    County: Seneca
    State: New York
    Year: October 13, 1853
    View file
    SOURCE INFORMATION: Seneca County Wills, 1853, p 186 - 193.
       Another important document (at least to our family), Esther's Will and Codicil is a very illuminating document. The writer of the will recalled in a deposition some amazing exchanges with Esther during the writing of her will: He recounted that Esther's favorite children were Charles and Carolyn, and she wanted to will her daughter, Electa, a particularly small amount: "She brought the Will to me and wanted me to copy it—I told her there was a clause in that will that would not look well—I told her she ought to strike out that clause. It would be advisable to strike it out—the clause read as follows: 'I will and bequeath to my daughter Electa one dollar and request that she may purchase a Bible therewith, and the constant perusal thereof will be of more benefit than any earthly bequest I can give her.' I told her I did not wish to write her Will with such a clause, but she had probable (sic) better give her enough to buy a good bible with."
       The Hause Point Cemetery—now named the Canoga or Red Jacket Cemetery (after the Indian chief and statesman who was born near that spot) still contains the graves of John and Esther. And just to be clear, despite the Mormon presence, Esther was John's only wife—I swear...


    (From Jerry Hause's Family Bible)

    CHAPTER FIVE: AUGUSTUS HAUSE, NIAGARA COUNTY AND THE ERIE CANAL, 1831 - 1875. John's son, Augustus, prospers with new technology of the 19th Century—in a fundamental way...

    NOTES:

    ¹—As written in A History of the Village of Waterloo, New York and Thesaurus of Related Facts, compiled and written by John E. Becker; Published and distributed by Waterloo Loibrary and Historical Society, Waterloo, New York, 1949.

    ²—Index of Awards on the claims of the Soldiers of the War of 1812, New York, Adjutant General's Office; Clearfield Company, Albany, 1860. John Hause was not listed in the book. His payment records were discovered at the New York Adjutant General's Office, in the New York State Archives in Albany, New York.

    ³—Honorable Mention for this award must go to ALONZO HOUSE, who married his niece MARIAH HOUSE (daughter of his brother, ANDREW) in the mid-1800's. They had two children, Xystus and Clyne, and many grandchildren... or is that GREAT-grandchildren? And did Alonzo call Andrew "brother" or "dad?" Father's Day could be very confusing on the frontier.

    ⁴—All I have is a xeroxed handwritten transcription, but the newspaper could have been The Ovid Independent, which was published weekly from 1873-1900; The Seneca County Courier, which was published weekly from 1839-1902; The Seneca County Journal which was published weekly from 1885-1902; The Seneca County News of Waterloo, which was published weekly from 1878-1964; or The Waterloo Observer published weekly from 1877-1961. (Source: Seneca County (NY) newspapers on microfilm at NYSL.)

    TOP PHOTO: Taughannock Falls, located on Taughannock Creek, a tributary of Cayuga Lake, in Tompkins County. Access located in Taughannock State Park on Route 89, 12 miles north of Ithaca, NY. This is the highest waterfall in western New York with a 215-foot sheer drop. These falls, near Hause Point and the Canoga Cemetery, are second only to Niagara Falls in size within the state of New York.

    LITERARY SOURCES FOR THIS PAGE:

  • Early Settlers of New York State: Their Ancestors and Descendants, Vol. II, by Janet Wethy Foley, lists the early church records of the Old School Baptist Church, Warwick, Orange Co., New York. 1993, culled from a genealogy magazine from the 1930's and 1940's.
  • The Reshaping of EveryDay Life, 1790 - 1840, by Jack Larkin. Harper and Row Publishers. 1988.
  • Plunder, Profits, and Paroles: A Social History of the War of 1812 in Upper Canada, by George Sheppard. McGill-Queen's University Press, Montreal, 1994.
  • Citizen Soldiers in the War of 1812, by C. Edward Skeen. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 1999. viii + 229 pp.
  • The Letters of Administration for William Hause: Steuben County Wills Index, 1800-1828, Book #1, page 392. From a list recorded of books #1-#7 (Steuben Co. was formed out of Ontario County on March 18, 1796. Schuyler County later was taken from this land.)
  • Portrait and Biographical Record of Seneca and Schuyler Counties, New York, Chapman Publishing Company, 1895.
  • The Wildbores in America. A Family Tree, 5 volumes, by John R. Wilbor, Benjamin F. Wilbour. 1938, reprinted 1998.
  • Havana Journal, Saturday, 20 Jun 1885: "The pastor was called to Seneca county last week to attend the funeral of Mr. Charles Hause, son of John Hause, deceased, a pioneer in the land. He was born in Warwick, Orange Co., N. Y., March 3, 1799, and was brought by his parents to Ovid in 1802, when only three years old. In 1806 his father moved to the western shores of Cayuga lake and purchased a fine estate on the point that juts out nearly dividing the lake opposite Union Springs, and from him named Hause's Point, and here his next 80 years of life were spent. His had three or four brothers who settled in Schuyler county, one in Hector, and we think the others in or near Tyrone. Their descendants still remain here, or lie in our numerous cemeteries, though a few went to the more distant west. His funeral was attended from the Methodist church in Canoga, and he was borne to the grave by his old associates and neighbors of nearly his own age. A very large audience met to do him reverence. He leaves but one son to bear his name, and one daughter. He distinctly remembered their journey into the country—a memory of 83 years."
  • Centennial Historical Sketch of the Town of Fayette, Seneca County, New York: 1800-1900, prepared by Diedrich Willers. Press of W.F. Humphrey, Geneva, New York, 1900.
  • Index of Awards on Claims of the Soldiers of the War of 1812, by Holice and Debbie.
  • Land records of New York & Altay Church, Tyrone.
  • Life in America one hundred years ago, by Gaillard Hunt. New York: Harper, 1914

  • CHAPTER 1: THE LEGEND OF JOHN (JOHANNES) HAUSE (1690-?)

    CHAPTER 2: JOHN HAUSE (HAWS) (1719-1794)

    CHAPTER 3: WILLIAM E. HAUSE (1750-1818)

    CHAPTER 4: JOHN HAUSE (1773-1844) AND WESTERN NEW YORK

    CHAPTER 5: AUGUSTUS HAUSE (1804-1875) AND THE ERIE CANAL

    CHAPTER 6: THE HAUSE FAMILY IN THE CIVIL WAR

    CHAPTER 7: LABAN AUGUSTUS HAUSE (1831-1906)

    CHAPTER 8: FRANK AUGUSTUS HAUSE (1867-1951)

    CHAPTER 9: TWENTIETH CENTURY MICHIGAN

    CHAPTER 10: CARLISLE HAUSE (1891-1972)

    CHAPTER 11: THE GREAT DEPRESSION

    CHAPTER 12: CARLETON MARCHANT HAUSE (1917-1983)

    CHAPTER 13: CARLETON MARCHANT HAUSE, JR.

    CHAPTER 14: AFTERWARD - THE TWENTY-FIRST CENTURY

    APPENDIX #1: HAUSE FAMILY TIMELINE

    APPENDIX #2: HAUSE FAMILY BIBLES

    APPENDIX #3: WILLIAM HAUSE GENEALOGY


    LEFT TO RIGHT: Carleton Hause Jr., Madeline Hause, Eric Hause, Jeff Hause and Michele Hause at the graves of John and Esther Hause (and some of their children) in the Canoga Cemetery, making this one of the few nine-generation photographs you'll ever see.