Hawes
   Throughout the centuries, the Hause surname has appeared in many different countries, and has continued to develop variations, often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling—especially in melting pots like Colonial America where few people could spell in any language, the differing surnames would generalize into identical spellings (House, Haus, Hause, Hawes, Haws), making their origins difficult to determine. This page chronicles the English origin of the surname.
   Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation, known in England as Poll Tax. The English surname Hause was first found in Oxfordshire, where the family held a family seat from ancient times. This surname has (at least) three possible origins. The first is locational, from residence at a 'hause', which maybe a neck of land, but was generally a place for gathering animals. The town of Hawes in Yorkshire, has the same meaning, but the surname pre-dates the town. It may also be derived from someone who resided "at the haw", which refers to a garth, yard, or enclosure. Before the common use of surnames, someone who had an enclosure when his neighbors had none—or who had a larger enclosure than they—might be called, "John at the Haw," or "John of the Haw." Over time, it would have become a true surname, and plural, possibly due to the family being multigenerational, or owning several "haws" or enclosures.
   The second possibility is as a patronymic from the medieval given name "Haw". This is itself a diminutive or pet-form of 'Hawkin' or 'Havekin', themselves from the Olde English pre 7th Century 'Hafoc'.
   The last Anglo-Saxon source of Hause is from a female personal name introduced by the Normans after 1066.¹ This is the Old French name Haueis, from the Old German personal name Hadewidis, which literally means battlewide, composed of the elements Hadu, meaning "strife," and widi, meaning "broad."
   As a personal name it was first recorded as 'Hawis', in the Curia Regis Rolls of Suffolk, for the year 1208. But the first recorded use of the surname is shown to be that of Alan del Hawse in the Hundred Rolls of Oxfordshire, during the reign of King Edward 1, dated 1272. He was followed by Robert Hawyse of Oxford in 1279, John de la Hawe of Huntingdon in the same year, and Maurice aate Hawe, rector of Newton, County Norfolk in 1362.
   In those times, even the most literate people recorded their names according to sound rather than spelling. Spelling variations under which the name Hause has appeared also include Hawes, Hawe, Haugh, Haughes, Hause and others. But the invention of the printing press in 1450 did much to standardize English spelling. In the modern spelling the name is recorded as Hause, Hawes, Haws and Hawe. The family Coat of Arms is a blue shield with a gold chevron on which are three red cinquefoils, and an ermine canton. The Crest is a stag's head emerging from a crown.
   By the 17th Century, the shores of the New World beckoned many English families that felt that the social climate in their homeland was oppressive and lacked opportunity for change. Thousands left England at great expense in ships that were overcrowded and full of disease during the great Puritan migration from England. A great portion of these settlers never survived the journey and even a greater number arrived sick, starving, and without a penny. The survivors, however, were often greeted with greater opportunity than they could have experienced back home. These English settlers made significant contributions to those colonies that would eventually become the United States and Canada.
   'Reginoll Hawes' was one of the earliest American colonists, embarking from London, England, on January 15th 1634, bound for Virginia. In 1635, British passenger lists reveal that 29 year-old Richard Hawes or Haus (depending on which list you read) arrived in Massachusetts with him his wife, 26 year-old Ann, and their children: two year-old Anna, and 6 month-old Obediah Haus.² A 19-year-old Robert Haus also arrived in the same year.³
   Another American settler by this name was EDMUND HAWES (sometimes spelled Howes, or Haws), who brought his wife and children to New England in 1635. Edmund was of royal blood, according to the book The Royal Descents of 600 Immigrants to the American Colonies of the United States, by Gary Boyd Roberts (Baltimore, 2004). On pages 422-3 it outlines his descent from King William I of Scotland (d. 1214). Edmund was also descended from Thomas Hawes of Shirley, a man "skilled in the law" who bought an estate in Solihull in 1311. The Estate remained in the Hawes family for the next 250 years. It became a nightclub (1964) and then a restaurant (1974), and now it has been converted into apartments on the once quiet lane joining Church Hill Road to Libbards Way.
   The Hawes' placed a tablet over the front door—WHV 1576 'Hic Hospites in Coelo Cives'—'Here we are guests, in heaven citizens'. The WHV initials are those of William and Ursula Hawes, descendants of Thomas, alongside the date that the house was completed.


Hillfield Hall was built for William and Ursula Hawes in 1576. It remained in the family until the 1660s, at which time it was owned first by the Feildings, and later by the Greswolds.


Hillfield Hall in the early 1900's
   In 1604, Edmund Hawes and his lawyer cousin, Humphrey Cole, bought the lordship of the manor of Solihull from Thomas Throckmorton for £1,080. The Estate consisted of five farms totaling 455 acres. The Hawes estate—called Hillfield Hall and farm of 87 acres—Shelly farm of 154 acres, Twist Farm of 22 acres, Pratts farm of 21 acres and an unnamed farm of 150 acres, plus a few other fields totalling 30 acres. They did not retain it for long, however, and sold it to Samuel Marrow of Berkswell.
   Then in 1635, Edmund Hawse—or Edmund Jr.—sailed for America aboard the ship James, listed as "Edmund Haus," and settled in the town of Duxbury, near Boston. He was the first Constable of the Plymouth colony of Duxbury in Massachusetts, starting in 1642/3, and serving well into the 1650's. His death cannot be ascertained, as he lived until the colony's assimilation into the Massachusetts Bay colony. The last mention of Edmund Hawes is in a list of freeman from June 1689.
   Edmund was responsible for the standard weights used for measurement in Yarmouth, which suggests that he was probably either a merchant or a learned individual. He was probably well-organized, as he was selected to help inventory several estates and assisted the treasury accounting several times.
   Then on June 5, 1677, a JOHN HAWES was elected constable of Yarmouth. This was probably Edmund Hawes' son.
   But here's where Carlisle was wrong—we aren't related to Edmund. It's easy to see why there was confusion. Our family surname was often spelled as "Hawes" or "Haws" in legal documents of the time, right up until 1900. In fact, the Morris Fant Hawes line, descended from William Hause, still spells their name that way today! But is there a link to John Haws in Orange County, New York in the 1700's? Edmund Hawes was a grantee from New Hampshire authorities of the town of Brunswick west of the Connecticut River, on Oct. 18, 1761. This region was claimed by New York, and an Order in Council was passed in England July 20, 1764, fixing the Connecticut River as the boundary of the two colonies (Source: The Ancestors And Descendants Of Edmond Hawes of Yarmouth, Massachusetts, an Emigrant to America In 1685, His Ancestors, Including the Allied Families Of Beome, Colles, Greswold, Porter Rody, Shirley And Whitfield; And Some Of His Descendants, by James William Hawes, A. M.; The Lyons Genealogical Company, New York 1914. P. 160) The book claims that the only descendant of Edmund in New York in the time of our ancestors was Isaac Hawes, b. April, 1708 ; d. Dec, 1785. The Land Records of Kent, Conn., show the purchase by Isaac Hawes, of Phillipse Patent, from Luke Sweetland of a piece of land in Kent April 3, 1769, and that there was no other Hawes in the region at that time. Phillipse Patent was in the part of Dutchess County, New York, now Putnam county (P. 175). Isaac's Letters of administration were granted to his son Samuel on May 5, 1786. A son. Prince, described as storekeeper, had died in Hempstead, Long Island, between Apr 1782 and 11 Nov 1782. His will describes him as late of Redding, Conn., and mentions brothers Isaac and Samuel and sisters Eunice, Zurviah, and Susannah, "all now or late of Kent, Conn." Prince was a member of the "Reading Loyalist Association," and his name was printed among them on 25 Feb 1775 in James Rivington's "Gazetteer," in New York City. Prince then "fled to Long Island in 1776, and the fact was communicated to General Washington." Isaac Hawes removed from Warren to Danby, Tompkins Co., New York, where he lived out the rest of his days (p. 176). But there is no mention of a John or William from our line, hundreds of miles away, living in predominantly German communities.

A SECOND GERMAN HAUSE LINE IN THE U.S.:
   Another line of American Hauses descends from MICHAEL HAUSE (sometimes spelled Haas or Haus), who came to America from Germany about fifty years after Johann. Although they came out of the same area of Europe, whether they were somehow related to our line is unknown. This Hause line is based mainly out of Colorado today, and is descended from an immigrant ancestor named Michael Hause.
   In 1753 or so, this Michael Hause married a woman named Anna Marie. Their son Wilhelm (b 1779) then married Catherine Hull. The son of that union was Jesse Hause (b 1806), who married Ruth Ann Graham Weiss Hause. She had been married to some Weise guy in Pennsylvania, making this all even more confusing.


The other William Hause of New York, born in 1833.

   Jesse's son was William Hause (b. 1833), a civil war hero pictured at right, who moved with a few extended family members to Carrol County, Ohio, and married Mary Ann Manfull (a bible with a family history of this line was donated to a library in Kansas City, where it's available to read).
   William and Mary had four sons and a daughter, and they moved north of Denver, Colorado, to the Fort Lupton area. William bought large tracts of land, and so he left each his children large homesteads to farm there.
   A genealogist in this line writes to us: "My uncle found there were only 2 or 3 basic Hause families, and he was always trying to tie or figure out how we connected to one in New York. They had the same first names Williams and Johns (in fact this family's William and our family's William lived at the same time, and both gave us a "Jesse Hause" in the same year!), and this is common in families.
   "I read something that said all the Hauses are related and they took the name because their name was spelled phonetically when they arrived, so they have got hawes and haas and even hayes. I think there is a connection also. Someone in Va wrote me that his family descended from Michael's younger brother, a Christian Johann or Johann Cristian. I hope he gets back to me. It will take a lot of work to fill in the blanks because even my grandfather's uncles went by Haus some Hawes some Hause and some Haas. So it makes it really hard."


Allen
   Then another strange family twist is revealed: This line has a possible "Allen" connection, too! (What is it about that surname that makes everybody want to connect?):
   "I have one (web) page I did a couple years ago just on the Allen genealogy, as it is on both sides of my dad's parents' families—they turned out to be 4th cousins!
   "It's all connected to the ETHAN ALLEN family: Cousins and brothers I descend from—and I found another line to Princess Diana. It's the Strong line, which also moves into the Allen line at some point.
   "I have a lot on the Allen line, so I looked your connection up—lol—maybe we are double cousins. When you go back far enough, that happens. My Uncle Malcom's wife ended up being related to my dad's mother's family, so that's funny. Lots of fun things in genealogy."
   So, fittingly, another "Allen" mystery dogs another yet Hause genealogist. And she's right—at some point, we're all related. So it's all valid, it's all relevant, and it's all a lot of fun to uncover.
   As my aunt says, "Whatever... Let me know when you trace us all back to Eve."


NOTES ON THIS PAGE:

Hauss
¹—French variations of this family name include: Hauss, House, Houssay, Housset, La Houssay, La Housset, La House, Du Houssay, Du Houssaye, Houssaye, de la Houssaye, Housset, Houssoye, Haussoye, Hausset, LaHauss and many more. The Hauss line was first found in Normandy, where they had been a prominent family for centuries, and held a family seat with lands and manor. The family were well established in the region of Calvados and several members distinguished themselves through their contributions toward the community in which they lived and were rewarded with lands, titles and letters patent confirming their nobility. It is speculated that the line of Johann Christian Hauß was from the Alsace region of France, and had fled to the Duchy of Solms during the Thirty Years War.

²—POPE, CHARLES HENRY. The Pioneers of Massachusetts, A Descriptive List, Drawn from Records of the Colonies, Towns and Churches, and other Contemporaneous Documents. Baltimore, MD: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1998. 550p. Page: 221

³—SAVAGE, JAMES. "Gleanings for New England History." Third series, volume eight. In Collections of the Massachusetts Historical Society. Boston: Charles C. Little and James Brown, 1843, pp. 243-348. Page: 262

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