The #1 question I get from the three people who read this website is, "What happened to the Ovid Bible?" Answer: Nobody knows. The #2 question is, "If there's no Bible now, how do you know if your quotes from the Ovid Bible are accurate?" Answer: I don't. Nobody does... but it helped start us on this ridiculous journey, so we try to find documentary proof to confirm what's in the Bible (or disprove it).
   The Bible quotes I've used in this history came from transcriptions by previous family historians and genealogists, who then built on each other's work. The journey for me, and many of the Hause family historians who I speak to, all started with opening up and the following chain letter that was sent to hundreds of Hauses by mail during the late 1970's. I will now try to reveal its provenance and judge its accuracy as a genealogical tool. (Wait, did I just call myself a genealogical tool?)
   In June of 2018, I traveled to New York and Michigan to see old graveyards, stare at dilapidated old houses, and bother town clerks (in my world this is called fun). I met up with my first cousin 2x removed, 90-year-old Jerry Hause in Detroit, and he showed me a copy of this form/chain letter that was mailed to countless Hause descendants all over the country in the late 1970s. I hadn't seen the letter in years, but remembered it well. The family historian who sent the letter out was named Josephine Gregory (1920-2013), asking the readers for any help they could offer in confirming or expanding on the text. You can see photos of the actual letter, below.
   Josephine (my 4th cousin 2x removed) says at the beginning of the letter that she based the line of descendancy on material from Alberta Spaid Reeder (1871-1954), her 2nd cousin, 1x removed, and asked for the reader's help in building the family story. It claimed we were cousins to a queen, that we were of German descent but with "fine English blood," and that we were warriors in the Revolution, bravely standing side-by-side with our brothers as the bullets flew toward us. The letter thrilled me, and I used to pull it out of my father's sock drawer and read it from time to time (especially when I didn't find any money hidden in the sock drawer). The letter is gone now, as is my father, so seeing it again brought back a rush of emotion—he's now another line in that chronology, too—and it made me want to prove or disprove those stories, and track down the source of the Ovid Bible quotes in this letter that I built this website from.
   I have copied and notated the entire letter with elaborations, confirmations, corrections, speculations, and all the usual B.S., located under the main text, oh ye of Royal Blood:


(This information was obtained from
Alberta Spaid Reeder of Geneva, N.Y.)¹

   According to the legal records of both Germany and England and to records copied in the Bible of Joseph Hause of Ovid, New York, the first John Hause was born in Germany in the year 1690, and when an infant on account of religious persecution, he was transported to America by Queen Mary II of Great Britain, who was his first cousin. She was of the House of Stuart, daughter of James II and Anna Hyde, born 1662, married William, Prince of Orange at the age of 17. Reigned 15 years and died in 1694 of smallpox leaving no children. She was a kind, meek and noble queen.²

   John Hause lived in New York until his marriage in 1715 to Sarah Allen, a woman of fine English blood, which would make his descendants one-half German and one-half English. After his marriage he moved to Haverstraw, Rockland County, New York. The result of this marriage was six children, who were Simon, John, William, Catharine, Johanna and Sally. Simon Hause was born in Haverstraw in 1717 and served as a volunteer in the American Army during the Revolution until the Battle of White Plains in which he and his brother John Hause standing side by side were shot by the enemy. They received a soldier's burial, the place of which is unknown.³ William married Martha Wood and had the following children: John, Jonathan, Sarah, Johanna, Simon, William, Allen, Jonas, Joseph, Matthews (sic), Mary, Samuel, Hannah and Morris.⁴

   John, born September 15, 1773, married Esther Ketcham, born September 5, 1779 on November 6, 1796. They are buried at Orange County.⁵ Their children were Delebar, Charles, Electa, Augustus, Belinda, John, Alanson, Fannie, Loiza, and Catharine. Electa was born January 3, 1801 and married John Williams, Jr. on August 25, 1818. He was born April 15, 1796 and died December 27, 1876 at Canoga. She died August 24, 1869. On her headstone at Canoga, Seneca County, New York is written:

The grave of Electa Ann Hause-Williams. (Click to enlarge.)
"Orange County was her birthplace,
And Fayette was her station,
Heaven is her dwelling place,
And Christ is her salvation."⁶

   At their home in the Town of Fayette are recorded deeds as Lot No. 54 of the West Cayuga Indian Reservation. On the shore of Cayuga Lake their children were born. They were Caroline, July 10, 1819, Mary Jane, January 18, 1815 (sic),⁷ Roxey Ann, October 8, 1825, James W. October 6, 1832, died February 16, 1843, Maria July 22, 1842, and Frances Josephine, November 4, 1848

   Frances Josephine married Samuel L. Spaid and the result of this marriage was six children, Elmer Martin, Lewellyn F., Anna Electa, John Myron, George A. and Leora M.

   Anna Electa married Frederick M. Ritter and had six children, Beryl Anna, Harold Frederick, Lester Dewey, Josephine Sarah, Floyd William and Mary Ethel.

   Josephine Sarah married Charles Myron Bogart and had on (sic) child, Josephine, born April 30, 1920.⁸

History of Orange Co., N. Y. by Ruttenberg and L. H. Clark, Published 1881 by Everts & Peck.

Page 567 =

John Hawes — Goshen Precinct, District No. 5.

Collection of Jerry Hause, Birmingham, Michigan.


   First off, before I blame or insult anybody, it should be remembered that Alberta, Josephine, Joseph Jr., and all of the people who contributed to this letter were not professional genealogists (which wasn't even a viable career at the time they were doing this). They were hard-working people with real, full-time jobs who were just interested in their family history, and spent all their precious free pre-Internet-time digging through records, contacting distant cousins, and reading smelly old history books just to honor their ancestors and inform those family members coming after them of a proud heritage. They should be commended and thanked for their hard work.
   Josephine Gregory died in 2013, and Alberta Reeder died 60 years before that, so they can't answer my questions or explain how they came to their conclusions. I don't know which parts of the letter are from the Ovid Bible and which are from Reeder's notes, and which parts are from Gregory elaborating on them. Neither Reeder nor Gregory had any ancestors with a Hause surname in their family tree for several generations, so I doubt they were dealing with original source material.
   There are major inaccuracies in this letter that have remained—and become ingrained—in Hause family history for the past forty years. These inaccuracies and false suppositions need to be corrected in order to create a truly factual genealogy that honors the real people who gave us life. About 95% of the family trees you see online, and even some presentations by professional genealogists, still use this chronology. If you see Gregory or Reeder listed in the sources, then they're using this letter to build their family tree.

   So these notes, corrections, and elaborations will have to be the last word on this letter... until 40 years from now, when somebody in a future generation corrects everything I wrote, pees on my grave, and calls me a deluded pseudo-genealogist.

Alberta Spaid Reeder with granddaughters in 1925.
¹—Alberta Spaid Reeder (Mary Elizabeth Deal-Spaid, Mary Jane Williams-Deal, Electa Ann Hause-Williams, John, William, John, John Hause) was born in 1871 in Fayette, Seneca County, New York to parents James W Spaid (9 Aug 1837 - 6 Oct 1919) and Hause descendant Mary Elizabeth Deal (28 Mar 1847 - 18 May 1902).
   Alberta married William Henry Reeder (1868-1955) sometime around 1900, but they had no biological children. However, they adopted William's "cousin," Hazel Pearl Beck-Smith (12 Jan 1894 - 19 Sep 1979), in 1901 when her mother died and her biological father could no longer care for her (he did stay in touch over the years, however). The photo at right is of Alberta in 1925, posing with Hazel's daughters, Margaret Alberta Smith-Hebblethwaite (1916-1984), Eleanor Mary Smith-Hebblethwaite (1919-2006; they married brothers), and Barbara Iza Smith-Barnard (1925-2015).
   Alberta Spaid Reeder died on 27 Oct 1954 in Geneva, Seneca County, New York. She and William are buried with her parents at Hause Point Cemetery in Seneca County, New York.
   Alberta's genealogical records are the source for the above family history, but her original documents and source material are apparently lost. According to Josephine Gregory (by way of genealogist Doug Deal, who took down all her information), Geneva's family records were passed on to Charles E. Parker, who lived at 6286 Towar Ave., in East Lansing, Michigan, 48823. Charles is not a descendant of Alberta (who had no biological descendants), and no longer lives at that address. A Google search of that address turned up a past owner named Mary L Parker, who was born in 1926. She is no longer living there (if she's living at all), and I found no forwarding address.

Name:Hause, Alfred; Hawes, James P
Newspaper:Watkins Express
City:Watkins Glen, Schuyler, NY
Date:21 Jul 1904
View file
View Newspaper
SOURCE: Watkins Express, Watkins Glen, Schuyler, New York. Publisher: L.M. Gano. Dates of publication: 1854-1988; -v. 129, no. 23 (June 8, 1988). Frequency: Weekly (Old Fulton New York Postcards)
²—There was no country called "Germany" in 1690, so it would be pretty hard to find legal records. Removing that, a very similar re-telling of the John Hause legend can be found in a newspaper story in the Watkins Express from Watkins Glen, Schuyler, New York, on 21 Jul 1904. The article is an interview with Dr. James P. Hawes, who (despite the spelling of his last name) was a great-grandson of William Hause, Sr., through his son, Jonas Hawes (1783-1861). During the interview, James says that he has researched the history of the Hause family, along with his cousin Alfred Hause (1857-1916), another great-grandson of William Sr. (through another son, Joseph Hause). Starting as early as 1901, these two men had been contacting Hause descendants around the country, such as Laban Hause, Caroline Hause-Gage, and James Dwight Hause, for their family trees (all of which were saved, passed down in their families, and through their kind descendants they are now available and used in this family history).
   Both James and Alfred would be Alberta's 2nd cousins, 2x removed, but there is no record of correspondence between Alberta and either of these men. Still, it seems that Alberta was aware of the same legend—and probably aware of the newspaper article. Alberta's home town of Geneva is on the other end of massive Seneca Lake, 34.5 miles north of Watkins Glen, the home of the newspaper. Another version of the article, re-written with Alfred as the subject, was republished a week later in the Seneca County Courier-Journal, on July 28, 1904 (Page 4). Alberta lived in Seneca County, 21.9 miles away from Ovid where Alfred and the Bible resided, so the newspaper was available to her.
   The subject of the article, Dr. James P Hawes (Matthias D Hawes, Jonas Hawes, William, John, John Hause) practiced "allopathic medicine" in Valois, Hector, Schuyler, New York, where as a lifelong bachelor he lived with his sister, Isabella M Hawes (1843-1937). In his later years, James worked on the family genealogy with both Alfred B Hause and James Dwight "J.D." Hause (1866-1946) of Michigan. J.D. worked with his father at 'Hause and Son, Furniture and Undertaking.' James apparently liked J.D. quite a bit (or disliked undertaking), because he willed "namesake" James D Hause $500 in his will, "to be paid within three years, to be used for his education in any profession he may desire to follow." (Source: Watkins Express, 16 Jun 1915, Vol. LX, No. 50.) James P Hawes died of "disease of the stomach" on 24 Feb 1915 and is buried at Seneca Union Cemetery, Valois, Schuyler County, New York.

Book information
File Image
Author:   Alfred B. Hause
Title:   Genealogy of the Purdy family, 1742-1905
Publisher:   Genealogical Society of Utah
Date:   1942
View file
SOURCE: New York Public Library, Schwarzman Building—Milstein Division Rm 121; Call No. NYGB AZ Fam 09-420. Record No. b18135475.
   Alfred B Hause (Joseph Hause, Jr., Joseph Hause, Sr., William, John, John Hause) was born on 15 Nov 1857 in Seneca, New York, and went into his father's business of fire insurance. He then married Susanna A Seeley (1857-1901), but they had no children.
   Although James and Alfred's finished work on the Hause family has never been located, Alfred did complete a 464-page history on his mother's genealogy: Genealogy of the Purdy Family, nearly complete record of the descendants of John Purdy, 1742-1905, a copy of which is kept by the Genealogical Society of Utah, located at the Repositories Family History Center in Salt Lake City. The page on his parents reads: "Nancy B. Purdy was born in the Village of Ovid, N. Y. April 15 1832 and died in the same place Nov. 6 1872. She married Nov 18 1856 to Joseph Hause, a son of Joseph Hause and Eunice Rogers Hause, who was born March 24 1821 and died May 18 1864. Joseph Hause was born at Tyrone, N. Y. and was a descendant of John Hause who was born in Germany about 1690. He came to Seneca County about 1850 and engaged in teaching school in which he was successful for a number of years in the towns of Covert and Ovid, and which avocation he followed for a number of years until failing health obliged him to discontinue this calling. At the time of his death he was engaged in the fire insurance business." Alfred died on 2 Jun 1916 in Manhattan, New York (but not in a high-rise fire, as I was expecting, but from a heart attack), where he had moved after Susanna died. Alfred is buried at the Evergreen Cemetery in Ovid, Seneca County, New York, whch apparently no longer exists.
   Nobody who I can find has ever seen James and Alfred's family history print-out, although the article says that it was available. (Nor has anybody seen the Bible of Joseph Hause, Jr. They're probably all sitting next to Alfred's tomb at the Evergreen Cemetery.)

³—The Watkins Express article doesn't mention the story that Reeder includes here, about John (b. 1719) and Simon (b. 1717) dying at the battle of White Plains, which means that Alberta had access to more than just the newspaper interview—either James Hawes's family history records, the Ovid Bible, or another Bible/history passed down through the John Hause line of the family.
   The story could also be true, but not if they were William's father and uncle; they were most likely the brothers of William (1750-1818) in the next generation of the family, for reasons that I will now explain...

    1) John Hause (b. 1719) and Simon Hause (b. 1717) would have been nearing 60 by the time of the battle and would have been too old to serve "as a volunteer in the American Army during the Revolution" (soldiers were generally young and ambitious, in their twenties and fighting to earn land from the government after the war), and...

    Personal Information
    Court Image
    Name: John Haus
    Township: Warwick
    County: Orange
    State: New York
    Date: 8/21/1795
    Probated: 9/1/1796
    Book: Liber A
    Pages: 379-381
    Executor: James Burt
    SOURCE INFORMATION: Orange County Surrogate's Office, Goshen, N.Y.
    2) The 1796 will of John Hause of Warwick (pictured at right) proves that William's father was still alive 20 years after the Battle of White Plains. In the will, John Hause mentions his wife Sarah, his "ownly beloved son," William, and also a grandson named John, the "son of Simon Hause," meaning that John had a son (and William had a brother) named Simon Hause who died sometime before this will was drafted. So it is very possible that William had two brothers, one being Simon, killed at White Plains.
       There were no other William Hause families in Warwick in the 1790's, according to census records. The closest was a William House living in Cornwall, who was a son of Reinhardt Hauss, Jr., so he can't be the William named here.
       Incidentally, how many ways can they spell our last name? In this document, we have "Hause," "Haus," "Hawes," "Haues," and probably a dozen other ways that are unreadable. Pick one way and stick with it, at least until the end of the document, guys. Come on!

   Here are John Hause ("Haws") and William Hause ("Hawse," sigh...), listed on consecutive pages of the 1790 Federal Census, living in the area of Warwick six years before the will was drafted:

Personal Information
Census Image
Name:   John Haws
Township:   Warwick
County:   Orange
State:   New York
Year:   1790
Roll:   M637_6
Page:   147
Image:   0348
View image
View blank 1790 census form
 (PDF 13K)
Personal Information
Census Image
Name:   William Hawse
Township:   Warwick
County:   Orange
State:   New York
Year:   1790
Roll:   M637_6
Page:   147
Image:   0349

View image
View blank 1790 census form
 (PDF 13K)
SOURCE INFORMATION: Index created from United States of America, Bureau of the Census. Heads of Families at the First Census of the United States in the Year 1790.

Personal Information
Census Image
Name: Butler, Benjamin
Township: Minisink
County: Orange
State: New York
Year: 1790
Roll: M637
Page: 369
Image: 332

View image
blank census form
SOURCE INFORMATION: First Census of the United States, 1790 (NARA microfilm publication M637, 12 rolls). Records of the Bureau of the Census, Record Group 29. National Archives, Washington, D.C.
   Still, many family trees on and other places attach this will to John of Haverstraw, despite the fact that he would've been 106 years old (I guess they're hoping for long lived genes). So it should also be noted that the White Plains story does not end in the family Bible where it ends in the Reeder/Gregory timeline. The genealogical records of Douglas Duane Deal (19 Mar 1924 - 29 Dec 2014) (Lynn Lee Deal, Foster Leroy Deal, Roxanna Ann Williams, Electa Ann, John, William, John, John Hause) uses the same passage from the Joseph Hause Bible, but after repeating, "They received a Soldier's Burial, the place of which is unknown," is added: "John Hause, who was killed at White Plains, had two children, John and Polly. John Hause's Widow, married a Benjamin Butler, and had six children. That part of Orange Co. where he died is now Rockland County, NY."
   In a rare instance of Hause genealogy, there ia actually evidence that this story could be true: The 1790 United States Federal Census reveals a Benjamin Butler in Minisink, Orange, New York, with two household members. But if this story is true, and it was the John Hause who was born in 1719 that died, then John's widow would have been nearly 60 years old when she remarried and had six more kids with Benjamin Butler!
   Alberta's records didn't include this section of the story, either because she didn't see it in her materials or because she didn't think a sixty-year-old woman having six more kids was possible. The entire sketch should read:

"John Hause lived in New York until his marriage in 1715 to Sarah Allen, a woman of fine English blood, which would make his descendants one-half German and one-half English. After his marriage he moved to Haverstraw, Rockland County, New York. The result of this marriage was six children, who were Simon, John, William, Catharine, Johanna and Sally. Simon Hause was born in Haverstraw in 1717 and served as a volunteer in the American Army during the Revolution until the Battle of White Plains in which he and his brother John Hause standing side by side were shot by the enemy. They received a soldier's burial, the place of which is unknown. John Hause, who was killed at White Plains, had two children, John and Polly. John Hause's Widow, married a Benjamin Butler, and had six children. That part of Orange Co. where he died is now Rockland County, NY. William married Martha Wood and had the following children: John, Jonathan, Sarah, Johanna, Simon, William, Allen, Jonas, Joseph, Matthews (sic), Mary, Samuel, Hannah and Morris."

Worksheet Information
Worksheet Image
Genealogist: James B. Daniels
Client: Basil Hause
Date Submitted: 31 Mar 1987
Subject: Hause Genealogy
View Worksheet
SOURCE: Collection of Gerald Hause.
   Many genealogists, such as James Daniels, at right, have still used this Reeder/Gregory family history letter as a source for their own research, and have concluded that William Hause is the son of John of Haverstraw and Sarah Allen. But William was born in 1750, according to his D.A.R. grave marker (see below), when John Hause of Haverstraw would have been 60 years old, and William's "mother" Sarah Allen almost the same age, well beyond her reproductive years.
   So as all of these supposed sexagenarians in our family history fight as regulars in the military, give birth to 20-year-olds, and start new families with six more kids, the obvious conclusion is that there must have been another Hause generation in the family tree that was left out: So it is here that we introduce John Hause of Warwick, who confirmed in his 1796 Last Will and Testament that he lived in Warwick (where John and William were in the 1790 census), that he had a wife named Sarah, that his son Simon was deceased, and that William was his "ownly beloved son." John Hause of Haverstraw would've been 106 years old when this will was created, and Sarah Allen (if she was the Sarah in the will) would be well over 100, and still living as well. What may have happened is that common naming patterns at this time, such as the Dutch Patronomic naming system in which the first children were named after the grandparents, produced the same "Johns," "Simons," and "Williams" in each generation; so when a John married a Sarah in successive generations, the transcriber got confused or lost his or her place, and left a generation out. Sorry, "Joseph Hause of Ovid," either your Bible was misquoted, or you forgot your great-grandpa!

The graves of William and Martha Hause on Hause Hill. Note the birthdate on William's D.A.R. marker.

Personal Information
Baptism Record
Name: Haas, Willem
Birth Date: 24 Feb 1750
Father: Johannes Haas
Mother: Sarah
Baptism Date: 2 Jun 1751
Place: All Boroughs, NY
Witnesses: David Roeter and Anna Huett
SOURCE INFORMATION: Dutch Reformed Church Records from New York and New Jersey. Holland Society of New York, New York.
⁴—Some family historians have ignored the date on William's D.A.R. plaque, and have tried to place William's birthdate in the 1730's in order to make Alberta's tree fit into a particular time frame, declaring William to be the child of parents born in the 1690s (I guess they feel that having them only be 40 years old is about as far as they can stretch it). There may have been a William Hause born in Haverstraw in the 1730s (although I haven't seen any evidence of it), but he wouldn't be our ancestor. Here's why:

  • First, the Holland Society found a birth and baptism date for a "Willem Haas" in a Dutch Reformed Church on the New York / New Jersey border that matches the date on the D.A.R. marker exactly, with parents John and Sarah. (Pictured, at right.)
  • Second, if William had been born in 1830, then he would have been in his 60's before his last five children, Mary, Matthew, Samuel, Hanna, and Morris, were even born (and their birth dates are verified).
  • Third, as presented above, the John Hause will of 1796 in Warwick proves that William's father was still alive in 1796, when John of Haverstraw would have been 106 years old.

The correct Hause family line stretching to William Hause should therefore be:

John of Haverstraw (b. 1690) >/ Simon (b. 1717)
- John of Warwick (1719-1796) >
\ William (b. 1730)
/ Simon (@1741-1776)
- John (????-1776)
\ William (1750-1818)

File Image
From:   Alfred B. Hause
To:   James Dwight Hause
Subject:   Hause Family History
Date:   January 28, 1904
View file
SOURCE: Collection of Stephen Hause.
   Alfred B Hause, who transcribed the Ovid Bible, and is basically responsible for the John Hause legend in the 20th Century, actually agrees with me. He wrote in 1904 (at left): "I am of the opinion that this John was the grandfather of William, and the great-grandfather of John who married Esther Ketchum... I have an indistinct recollection of having seen and read the balance of that portion of the history as I find it now in the old Bible, and that it came directly down to William, but it was so long ago that I first saw it, that I cannot now tell where it connects, and came to the conclusion from the age of John about 60 at the time William was born that he was his grandfather."
   So it appears that the information in the Joseph Hause Bible was transcribed incorrectly by either Reeder or Gregory, but since the Bible is lost we'll never know for sure if it was Joseph's fault or a later transcriber's.
   This letter also lists another source for the Ovid Bible. Alfred writes, "As to our name, I find that at the beginning of the record that Lewis K. wrote, that he makes this remark, 'As far as can be traced John Hause is the first of the family that can be found it is ascertained that he was a german of full blood and that the correct orthography of his name was H-a-u-s-e.'" Lewis K. Hause would be Alfred's uncle, the brother of Joseph Hause, Jr., the owner of the Ovid Bible. His full name was Lewis Kensington Hause, and he was born on 6 Aug 1818 in New York. On 25 Mar 1845 he married Fanny D Stewart (1825-1885). That same year, he graduated from Hobart Free College and Geneva Medical College in Geneva, New York, and became a doctor. He then served as an Assistant Surgeon during the Civil War. Records show that a "Lewis K. Hawes" of Whitewater, Wisconsin, enlisted on 11 Sep 1862 in the Union Army as an Assistant Surgeon. He was commissioned in Company S, 28th Infantry Regiment Wisconsin and received a disability discharge on 18 Nov 1863. Lewis apparently had a Hause family history document, just like his brother, or wrote it down for himself. Could it be that each child of Joseph Hause, Sr. received an identical family history? To date I have not found a Bible or a family history document passed down through his descendants, but I'm still looking.

⁵—This line was crossed out in the letter. They are actually buried at the Hause Point (Canoga) Cemetery in Seneca County. (See photos, below.) From this point on, the genealogical line follows the descendants of John and Esther Ketchum Hause, so it can be assumed that Alberta stopped using the Ovid Bible or James P. Hawes's family genealogy at this point, and inserted her own line here to created her family tree.

The graves of John and Esther Ketcham-Hause at Hause Point (now Canoga) Cemetery, and several of their children.

Personal Information
Court Image
Name: Hause, Esther Ketcham
Township: Fayette
County: Seneca
State: New York
Year: October 13, 1853
View file
SOURCE INFORMATION: Seneca County Wills, 1853, p 186 - 193.
⁶—This would run contrary to the will of Esther Ketchum-Hause, an extraordinary document that details a running feud between Esther and Electa. The man revising the will, George M Randall, testified: "She brought the Will to me and wanted me to copy it—I told her there was a clause in that will that would not look well—I told her she ought to strike out that clause. It would be advisable to strike it out—the clause read as follows 'I will and bequeath to my daughter Electa one dollar and request that she may purchase a Bible therewith, and the constant perusal thereof will be of more benefit than any earthly bequest I can give her.'" Esther ended up giving Electa five dollars in the finished will. Esther also deducted $98, plus interest, from the inheritance of daughter Louise Hause-Wilber for what she claimed was an unpaid loan, which Randall felt had never occurred after talking to all of the parties. Randall also said, "She was a woman who entertained strong prejudices."

The grave of Mary Jane Williams Deal at Hause Point Cemetery (click on image to enlarge).
⁷—Mary Jane's birthdate is incorrect, which is strange because she is Alberta's grandmother; Mary Jane Williams was actually born on 10 Jan 1821 in Canoga, Seneca County, New York (according to her gravestone in the Hause Point Cemetery, at left), and died on 5 Feb 1906 in Canoga, Seneca County, New York. She married John Peter Deal 17 Dec 1843 in Seneca County, New York. He was the son of Solomon Deal and Anna Wichtermann, born on 22 Jan 1822 in Seneca County, New York, and died on 24 Jun 1885 in Seneca County. I would submit that the last person whose birthday Alberta Reeder would get wrong in this family history would be her grandmother.
   Therefore, it is logical to conclude that from this point on, the family history is being created by someother other than Alberta, and follows the line of Alberta's great-aunt, Frances Josephine Williams.

Josephine Bogart-Gregory and Rulon Wells Gregory
⁸—Josephine Dorothy Bogart (John Hause, William, John, Electa Ann, Frances Josephine Williams, Anna Electa Spaid, Josephine Sarah Ritter, Josephine Bogart) was born on 30 Apr 1920 in Geneva, Ontario, New York, and was a graduate of Canandaigua Academy and Westbrook Business College. On 2 Nov 1942, she married Rulon Wells Gregory in New York City. Rulon passed away on 26 Sep 2001. Jo was employed as a legal secretary and later as a paralegal in Rochester, New York and in Los Angeles, California for over 35 years. Jo was a family genealogist and had been a member of the Huguenot Society of Pennsylvania; Colonial Dames of the 17th Century; Daughters of the American Colonists; and Daughters of the American Revolution. She had also been a member of Mensa, so good luck winning a genealogy argument with her. She died on 9 Feb 2013 in St George, Washington, Utah. At her request, she was cremated and her remains were interred next to Rulon in Farmington City Cemetery.
   Josephine "Jo" Dorothy Bogart-Gregory was born and raised in Geneva, New York, which is the very city where her 2nd Cousin, 1x Removed, Alberta Spaid-Reeder, passed away in 1954 (their closest common ancestor was Electa Hause-Williams). What can therefore be assumed is that Alberta gave her genealogical notes to Josephine Gregory or her family before she passed. Gregory added her own family to bring the history up to date, and various versions of this history were mailed out to Hauses around the country as genealogical queries during the 1970's.

⁹—This Warwick tax list is one of the few documents left from this time, because of a fire during the 1840s that destroyed the town records. Fortunately, the 1775 list had been copied down for the book cited by Gregory here, so we at least have the names of the Warwick residents from that census. Gregory is implying here that this would be John of Haverstraw (b. 1690), but he would've been 85 years old in 1775, which is kind of old to be the head of a household on the frontier. This is more likely John Hause of Warwick.