"Why should the Palatine Boors be suffered to swarm into our Settlements, and by herding together establish their Language and Manners to the Exclusion of ours? Why should Pennsylvania, founded by the English, become a Colony of Aliens, who will shortly be so numerous as to Germanize us instead of our Anglifying them, and will never adopt our Language or Customs, any more than they can acquire our Complexion?"
—Benjamin Franklin

Personal Information
Road Registration
Name: Hause, John
Township: Haverstraw (present-day Clarkstown)
County: Orange (present-day Rockland)
Province: New York
Date: 3 Apr 1770
Road (above Nicholas Conklin, lower portion of page): Highwaymaster for ye Road from (?) (?) along under the mountain
Image
SOURCE INFORMATION: Clerk's Office, town of Clarkstown, Rockland Co., NY; 10 Maple Avenue, New City, NY 10956 (845) 639-2000. Website
   Our first confirmed ancestor, JOHANNES "JOHN" HAUSE, was born in 1719 (or 1726, if you believe he's the son of Rheinhardt).¹ He was probably delivered at his parents' home, with the assistance of a midwife. In early colonial culture, children were sort of on their own for the first few years. Parents at that time loved their children but didn't get too close, because of the high mortality rate. The hard fact was that people on the frontier knew there was a great chance that their children would die. Most didn't make it to the age of eleven.
   According to the customs of the day, John probably wore a dress through most of his infancy, and a "puddinghead cap" to protect his cranium until it hardened. He was raised in the unisex fashion of the time, and not considered a "man," until he was about six. Then he was old enough to be "breeched"—his dress was taken away, his long hair was shaved, and he was given his long pants—officially becoming part of the family labor force.
   He probably had very little schooling. Just enough to learn a trade between chores on the farm, and basic math so he wouldn't get taken buy peddlers or customers. But most of his teens would've been spent working in the field.
   A "John Haues" was listed in an 1738 muster for the "Militia of the Wall a Kill" in Ulster County under Captain John Byard. Then, sometime in the 1740's. John married a girl named SARAH (SARAH WHEELER if you believe we're actually descended from Rheinhardt). Many German customs were still in effect during courtship at this time. The oddest of these was probably "bundling." In this ritual, courting couples were allowed to spend the night together in bed, fully dressed. It is unknown today if there was a chaperone or a "bundling board" to separate the couple, but the practice became controversial and finally eliminated in the 1750's. We do know that by the time of John and Sarah's union, about 30% of children born in the colonies were delivered less than eight months into the marriage, so either the boards were too low or the chaperones were sleeping! Here's a listing of all their known children (there were almost certainly more, but only two are named in John's will):

CHILDREN OF JOHANNES AND SARAH HAUSE

  • SIMON HAUSE was b. abt 1741. He is listed on a muster roll from 2 June 1761 for Captain Lent's Company, "raised and pass'd in the County of Orange." He is listed as 5'4", 20 years old, a labourer born in New York, with ruddy complexion, brown eyes and black hair. Simon probably died during the Revolution, but had a son named John. (The 1795 will of John Hause lists a Simon Hause' son, John, according to Early Orange County Wills, published by the Orange County Genealogical Society, Goshen, NY, 1991.)
  • WILHELM (WILLIAM) HAUSE, born 24 Feb 1750/51 to parents Johannes Haas and wife Sarah.² sp: David Roeter and Anna Huett (New York City Lutheran Chbk). Source: Even More Palatine Families, by Henry Z. Jones, Jr., FASG and Lewis Bunker Rohrbach, CG, 2002. He fought in Gilbert Cooper's Militia and Ann Hawkes Hay's Regiment in the Revolution. William married Martha Wood and had 14 kids, listed later.
  •    William and Simon probably had brothers and sisters, but half of all children at that time died before they were 16. For their first few years, they would have been raised chiefly by Sarah, until they were old enough to work in the fields with John. Not only did Sarah have to do that herself, she had to cook, clean, spin and make clothing, milk the cows, carry the water, make soap, butcher livestock, smoke and preserve meat, and act as the family doctor. She cooked over a large open fireplace, while the children had to keep the fire lit day and night. Large pots, up to forty pounds when full, were used to boil liquids, render fat, simmer stews, and cure meat. Frying was done in large, long-handled, three-legged, cast-iron frying pans placed directly over the coals. Maneuvering these heavy utensils with boiling liquids and hot foods was dangerous. Thousands of women were severely burned or even killed in cooking accidents, especially when long dresses, petticoats, or aprons caught fire. And if that wasn't dangerous enough, she had to protect the family from Indians, outlaws and British forces while John was away, fighting in the militia!
       At night, William and Simon probably slept alongside their sexually active parents in bed! (Privacy was not an option in the wilds of Colonial America.) At least John and Sarah kept their clothes on, as Northern Europeans usually wore their shirts and shifts during sex. (A person wearing a shift was described as "naked," while actual nudity was described as "from nature." And people were only "from nature" when they were getting flogged by officials in the village square, not in the bedroom.)
       During the early-to-mid 18th Century, Johannes ("John") Haus moved into a more diverse area along the New York/New Jersey border, which had become a melting pot of Dutch, German, and British neighbors, near present-day Rockland County (it lies just north of the New Jersey-New York border, west of Westchester County across the Hudson River, and south of modern Orange County). In doing so, it can be speculated that the name "Johannes" changed to "John," and his German "Haus" surname change into the Anglicized "Hause" and "Hawes" in public records, written by census takers and land officers.
       This area was originally inhabited by Algonquian-speaking Indians, including Munsees, or Lenni Lenape (called "Ramapos" and "Hackensacks" by early European settlers). Then in 1683, the Duke of York (who became King James II of England) established the first twelve counties of New York (present-day Rockland County was part of Orange County). Orangetown was created at the same time under a royal grant, originally encompassing all of modern Rockland County. Around this time, as the English began to colonize Nyack and Tappan. Haverstraw was separated from Orangetown in 1719 and became a town in 1788; it included the present-day Clarkstown, Ramapo and Stony Point. (So when you see "Haverstraw" or "Tappan" or "Ramapo" in different documents or Hause family histories, remember it's all really the same area.) As the English began to colonize Nyack and Tappan, the Native Americans began to retreat into the Ramapo Mountains, and areas further north.

    THE LAWS OF COLONIAL NEW YORK

  • The New York Colony instituted the Duke's Laws of 1665. Under these laws, offenses such as striking one's mother or father or denying the "true God," were punishable by death.
  • Following a slave revolt in 1712, the New York Assembly passed "An Act for the suppressing and punishing the conspiracy and insurrection of Negroes and other Slaves," and also prohibited free blacks ("an Idle slothfull people") from owning real property.
  • Voters were required to have a £40 freehold, in addition to requirements related to age, sex, and religion. However, the freehold requirement was often ignored.
  • Jews were not allowed to vote between 1737 and 1747.
  • Prostitution was not an offense, but it was regulated as a specific sort of vagrancy under laws against adultery or fornication or for being 'common nightwalkers'—women who strolled the streets at night for immoral purposes.
  • Homosexuality was punishable by death: "If any man lyeth with mankind as he lyeth with a woman, they shall be put to Death, unless one party were Forced or be under fourteen Years of age, in which Case he shall be punished at the Discretion of the Court of Assizes." After the Revolution, on February 14, 1787, the New York state legislature also passed a law explicitly enforcing the death penalty.
  • Book Information
    Book Image
    Name: The Even More Palatine Families, Volume 1
    Author: Henry Z. Jones, Jr., FASG and Lewis Bunker Rohrbach, CG
    Page: 224
    Publisher: Picton Press, Rockport, Maine
    Year: 2002
    View Image
    Jones's continued study of the German Immigrants who arrived in Colonial New York has Johann and Sarah "Haas" coming to America from Oberweiler in 1740.
       During the 1750's the French and Indian War, also called the Great War for the Empire, engulfed the New York Frontier, and changed the map of North America. The battles that occurred between 1753 and 1760 took more lives than the American War of Independence, making it the bloodiest conflict fought on American soil in the eighteenth century. The French from Quebec and the Indians of the Upper Hudson River Valley laid siege to the British frontier settlements of New York, and the only protection that the besieged farmers in these settlements had was the British Army—which unfortunately was stationed as far away as Albany, several days' march away. Survival dictated that every male colonist be both settler and soldier.
       With manpower at a premium and regular troops unavailable, the Early American colonists reverted to the old English fyrd, general levy, or "militia," as it was coming to be known. Under this system every able-bodied man was enrolled for local defense. Virginia and other southern colonies followed the British organization, dividing the colony into counties, each supervised by a lieutenant. In New England, New Jersey, and New York the town was the militia's basic unit, although the county was retained as an element of higher control. So these frontiersmen took matters into their own hands and established local militia for their common defense, and German-speaking immigrants from all over the colonies joined up. They had been fighting the French for years, back to their days in the Palatinate, so they were ready for battle, and could be ruthless in the defense of their hard-won land.
       But many colonists felt they needed protection from the British government, as well. After the war, the British Empire controlled all of North America from the East Coast to the Mississippi River, and from Canada down to Florida (which was owned by Spain). But the cost of the war had been immense, and the British Treasury was nearly bankrupt, while the national debt had doubled. Parliament decided that the people of the colonies, now safe from the French, needed to pay off more of the debt, and began creating and raising new taxes, such as the "Stamp Act" in 1865. Soon the colonists began to tire of all of the new tariffs imposed on shipments of goods and supplies, paid to a king who they never saw, who underpaid them for raw materials for British factories (the King made sure that the colonists couldn't create finished products, in order to preserve their economic servitude). But the Palatines kept to themselves, spoke mainly in their native tongues (especially in Church), and stayed out of the national and international debate raging in more populated parts of the Colonies.

    1763
    "A New Map of North America, from the Latest Discoveries, 1763." (Click here to enlarge.)

    Book Information
    Book Image
    Name: The Minutes of the Board of Proprietors of the Eastern Division of New Jersey, Vol. III, from 1745 to 1764
    Publisher: Quinn & Boden Co., Inc., Rahway, N. J.
    Year: September, 1960
    Pages: 305-310
    398-407
    View Book
    Published by the General Board of Proprietors of the Eastern Division of New Jersey in an edition of 500 copies.
       John lived near his brother, Simon, on the Ramapo (or Romopock) Patent, a small settlement on the Ramapo River in the province of New Jersey. It was a colonial tract of land in Bergen County, under the administration of the East New Jersey Proprietors. The lands are today located in northwestern Bergen County, New Jersey and part of Rockland County, New York. In the 18th Century, they were held in common by the proprietors. The 42,500-acre patent had been created in 1710, and included most of the northwestern portion of Bergen County, which was the first permanent "Dutch" settlement in New Jersey. The area was at that time just a small collection of farms and mills, connected by dirt paths and rugged roadways.
       On the 18th of August, 1756, a lease for land there was executed (No. 184 of the Ramapo Tract) to "John Hase," which consisted of 109 acres at 12 s 6 per ann. for 3 years "from 24th March last" (Source: The Minutes of the Board of Proprietors of the Eastern Division of New Jersey, Vol. 3, from 1745 to 1764, p. 306). The truth is, John had probably already improved the land, but a legal technicality had invalidated all previous land sales, and John and the other farmers had discovered that they would have to lease their own property from new owners! Then on the 19th of August, 1763, the Board executed another lease at Romopock to "John Hawse," at lot no. 171, consisting of 91 acres at 20 s, starting back on August 11, 1763 (Vol. III, p. 404, chart). He's living near his brother, Simon (who is on page 403). But ownership of land within this tract would be tied up in controversy until after the Revolution. The Hause family's land, on the contested border between New York and New Jersey, wouldn't be resolved until the next century.

    borders
    The New York/New Jersey border in the area of Orange County, at the time that the Hause family lived there.

    Personal Information
    Census File
    Name: Hawes, John
    District: 5 (near Wickham's Pond)
    County: Orange
    State: NY
    Year: 1775

    View file
    SOURCE INFORMATION: "History of Orange County, New York" by E.M. Ruttenber and L.H. Clark, 1881.
       By the 1770s, the area where John lived had become Orange County, New York—but the border between New York and New Jersey would be disputed for several more decades.³ (The area today intersects Routes 17, 287, and the Thruway.) This valley was a natural pass that straddled important trade routes and the main line of land communication between Canada and New York. John lived right on that route, and was actually named a "Highway Master" for Haverstraw in 1770.
       The 1775 Assessment Roll of Orange County places the land of "John Hawes" in District five in Warwick (comprising the territory in the vicinity of Wickham's Pond, including Bellvale Valley).⁴

    WARWICK IN THE 18TH CENTURY

    NOTE: Every day in 1976, a Warwick Bicentennial Committee, researched and aired a one-minute segment on WTBQ about Warwick's History. They were called "Bicentennial Minutes." Here are a few:
  • In January of 1745, Thomas DeKay, who was the grandson of a Dutch immigrant to New Amsterdam and a colonel in the Colonial Militia, was so trusted by the Indians that he represented them in Goshen where their pledge of brotherhood to the English was renewed. The ceremony of friendship included DeKay's being chained to the Indians for an hour, during which they gave him a wampum belt to be sent to the governor of New York in token of their friendship. Warwick settlers kept their pledges to the Indians which helped in DeKay's good relations. Instead of collecting bounty on Indian scalps offered by the New York Legislature in 1746, DeKay helped distribute fifty pounds payment to Indian scouts of Orange County.
  • Daniel Burt Jr. of Warwick and Martha Bradner from Wisner, were married on January 25th 1770, and moved into the Old Shingle House on Forester Ave. The house was begun in 1764 and was the first structure in the village. Daniel's father and uncle Benjamin Burt, had first seen Warwick in 1764 when they came from Ridgefield, CT and bought land from Benjamin Aske, one of the original grantees under the Wawayanda Patent. In 1760, Daniel Burt Sr. after selling his original land, the present Welling Farm, and then land in Bellvale, obtained 190 acres in Warwick where he built his own house and the Shingle Hosue for his son. The house (now a museum owned by the Society and open for tours during half of the year) is a well-preserved example of the saltbox type.
  • A famous hearing, drawing many nationally-known people, took place at Chester shortly after the Revolution, to determine the line separating the Wawayanda and Cheesecock Patents. The Wawayanda Patent had been granted on April 29, 1703, and the present Town of Warwick is located within it territory. However, the land encompassed by the patent was so vast, and its boundary descriptions were so vague, that they remained uncertain for more than eighty years. The hearing was held under the jurisdiction of Aaron Burr, who was the attorney general and commissioner of public lands for the State of New York at the time. The heirs and successors of the Wawayanda patentees were represented by no less a lawyer than Alexander Hamilton.
  • Warwick became a town under the General Act on March 7th, 1788. Prior to this time Warwick was a part of the old precinct of Goshen. The first town meeting was held the first Tuesday in April, 1789, with John Smith as town clerk and John Wheeler as supervisor. Assessors, commissioners of roads, overseers of the poor, collectors, constables, road master and fence viewers were appointed. For the benefit of the poor, 100 pounds, or approximately $500 was to be raised; 20 pounds or approximately $100 was set aside for all other expenses.
  • In the year 1797, Francis Baird was elected town clerk, and Robert Armstrong was elected supervisor. At the town meeting, 68 pounds was voted for support of the poor and four pounds as an additional sum on wolves' heads. The apportionment of the school monies by the supervisor of the county to the several towns in the county was as follows: Cornwall, 140 pounds, thirteen shillings; Goshen, 82 pounds, ten shillings; Warwick, 101 pounds, nine shillings; Minisink, 76 pounds, fourteen shillings.
  • In April of 1800, Francis Baird was elected town clerk and Jacobus Post was elected supervisor. It was voted to raise 150 pounds for maintenance of the poor. Fifty-six pounds and sixteen shillings was raised from licenses and permits. These licenses and permits were for the operation of inns and taverns in the Town of Warwick. Additional monies were also raised by dog taxes.
  • In the early days the dentist was an unknown quantity in the area, so dental extractions were left to the doctor. Every doctor kept a formidable instrument called a turnkey, made of iron with a straight unplated shaft and a claw, for pulling "anticky" teeth. A dentist's chair was unknown, and if the offending molar proved hard to extract, the sufferer was laid on the floor on his back. The doctor then knelt beside him, pressing one knee in his diaphragm, and thus patient and tooth parted company.
  •    Warwick was a flashpoint of conflict during the Revolutionary War. It ignited with a "Non Importation Pledge" of 1774, and it appeared most of the citizens adhered. The town of Warwick was split between Loyalists and Tories.⁵ During the war, the region would be terrorized by a group of Tories known as the "Cowboys." Their leader was notorious Loyalist guerrilla Claudius Smith. A wanted poster from the time described him this way: "COWBOY OF THE RAMAPOS—TORY LOYALIST TO THE CROWN, a fierce looking man nearly 7 ft. tall, wearing a suit of rich broadcloth adorned with silver buttons Notorious leader of a lawless band of men who've been terrorizing the good citizens of Orange County." Muster rolls actually list Claudius at about 5'9", but his infamy garnered him another 15 inches. New York Governor George Clinton posted a reward of $1,200 for Smith's arrest. He was captured and hanged on January 22, 1779, in the town of Goshen. Because his mother reportedly warned him that he would "die with his boots on," Smith removed his footwear before he was hanged, just to prove her wrong. Legend has it that his skull was filled with mortar and included in the edifice of the Goshen Court House. Two of Smith's three sons belonged to his gang—one was hanged with his father; the other, named Richard, took over the gang and earned himself the name of "Black Dick."

    Man-o-War
    A 19th Century photograph of the Man of War rock near Ramapo, which protected the hideout of outlaw Claudius Smith. (SOURCE: "The Home-Maker: an illustrated monthly magazine, edited by Marion Harland: Volume 4, April to September, 1890," by Jane Cunningham Crol) A wanted poster from the time read: "TRAVELLERS BEWARE: The Wild, 'Tory Infested Clove', The Ramapo Valley, a 16 mile stretch of main road along which pass all communications between Canada & N.Y.C. has placed the Smith Hideout somewhere in the mountains east of Tuxedo along this route. Consistent reports of travellers being detained at pistol point & looted of all valuable by these hoodlums is common throughout this region." (Remember this rock—it's very important in our next chapter.)

       What small comforts and luxuries that Sarah enjoyed would disappear during the war. Because of taxation and the Boston Tea Party, she had to give up her beloved imported British tea and make her own from native plant substitutes, like sage, currant, strawberry, loosestrife, or plaintain leaves. The result was called "Liberty Tea."
       As a first-generation American native, John Hause felt no real allegiance to England, and resented the ever-increasing taxes he paid on food and necessities to a ruler who lived across the Atlantic, and he had never even seen—as well as a government he had no voice in, that did little to protect him on the frontier. He and many others of his generation felt it was time for a change... But instead of moving to a different land to escape an oppressive ruler—like their forefathers did—this generation decided to keep the land and change the ruler. They no longer wanted a protector controlling their lives. They wanted freedom. The American army under Washington was encamped in the vicinity of Ramapo for a few days in July, 1777. At least wo of John's sons had already joined in the fight—his eldest son, Simon, and the man whose story comprises the next chapter of our family history—our proudest chapter:

    CHAPTER THREE: WILLIAM HAUSE, 1750 - 1818. A Revolutionary War hero helps save the Hudson River, then becomes a prosperous land owner. So John begat William who begat John who begat Augustus. Then Augustus begat a generation that moved west...

    TOP PAINTING: "Autumn Light on the Ramapo River," by Jasper Francis Cropsey (1875)

    Worksheet Information
    Worksheet Image
    Genealogist: James B. Daniels
    Client: Basil Hause
    Date Submitted: 31 Mar 1987
    Subject: Hause Genealogy
    View Worksheet
    SOURCE: Collection of Gerald Hause.
    ¹—In 1987, genealogist James B. Daniels, citing the Hause Family History by Mrs. Josephine Gregory, the DAR History of Orange County Militia in the Revolution, letters from Clara Spears-Teal of Dundee (her family bought William's Dundee property), New York, letters from Donald Disbrow of Ypsilanti, MI, and a letter from Betty Ferguson of Ontario, lists William as a son of John Hause and Sarah Allen, and has found no evidence of a "John Hause III," born in 1719. But the problem with this scenario is that Sarah Allen would've been almost sixty years old at the stated time of William's birth, which even today is a highly unlikely age for motherhood. (Johannes did, in fact, have a son named William in 1730, which explains the confusion, but he was 20 years older than our ancestor—and would've been SIXTY-SEVEN when our William had his last child.)

    ²—William's birthdate changes from 1750 to 1751 because Britain and its colonies changed from the old style (Julian) calendar to the new style (Gregorian) calendar on January 1, 1752. But this change had occurred in Holland about 170 years earlier, in 1582, and the Gregorian calendar therefore was used in the Dutch colony of New Netherland (New York). The colony of New Netherland operated according to the laws and customs of the Netherlands province of Holland, where the new calendar had been in use since Pope Gregory introduced it in 1582. Therefore New Netherland records are dated as we would date them today, with the year beginning January 1 and no double-dating.
       But under the old calendar in use prior to 1752 in Britain and its colonies, the year began on March 25, and March was the first month, February the twelfth. Dates in January, February, and the first 24 days of March were often "double-dated" to indicate both the past and incoming years. For example, what we would call February 24,1714 would then have been February 24, 1713, but could also be written February 24,1713/14. It would also have been the 24th of the twelfth month, not the second month.
       When the new calendar was adopted, eleven days had to be dropped, and this was done by declaring that the day after September 2,1752 was September 14, 1752.
       After the English conquered New Netherland in 1664, and except for the brief return of Dutch rule in 1673-74, the old (Julian) calendar was used in official documents, but the Dutch often continued using the Gregorian calendar (or some aspects of it) in their church and family records.
       Some genealogists have tried to convert all old style dates to their new equivalents, and published only the new forms, just like we say George Washington was born February 22, 1732, when at the time he was born the date was February 11, 1731/2.

    ³—It seems like the Hause family was moving all over the place during the 18th Century—from Ramapo to Haverstraw, to Warwick—but a history of the counties in New York reveals that the names of their residences were changing more than their actual homes, as county and township boundaries moved practically every decade.
       Orange County, where John Hause lived, was one of the first twelve counties established by the Province of New York in 1683. The land was in the Ramapo Mountains, a forested chain of the Appalachian mountains in northeastern New Jersey and southeastern New York, between Warwick and Haverstraw, and was directly north of the New Jersey-New York border, west of the Hudson River, east of the Delaware River and northwest of New York City. Its boundaries at that time included parts of New Jersey and present-day Rockland County (where John lived). John's lands were originally listed on a New Jersey patent, but by the time of the American Revolutionary War it was part of the "Haverstraw district" in Orange County, New York, although considered a pat of Warwick.
       Following the war, the area where the Hause family lived was still contested between New York and New Jersey. On March 28, 1800, an act passed by the New York Legislature dealing with a petition presented by John's son, William Hause (as well as the Ketcham and Sandford families), stated that he would be allowed to purchase the unpatented land that his family had settled and improved on the New York/New Jersey border, and it officially became New York. The area is now called Tuxedo, in Orange County, New York, about 17 miles from present-day Warwick and 30 miles from Haverstraw.
       Rockland County split from Orange County in 1798, and Haverstraw and the current town of Ramapo are now in Rockland County. The current Town of Ramapo was formerly known as Hempstead, which was formed from part of the Town of Haverstraw in 1791. The name was changed to Ramapo in 1829, and it's located north of Bergen and Passaic Counties in New Jersey, southeast of Orange County, New York, south of the town of Haverstraw, and west of the towns of Clarkstown and Orangetown—about 7-10 miles north of the Ramapo patent land that John originally lived on. In 1808, the area of the Hause farm was changed to Monroe; On March 4, 1890, the Town of Tuxedo, containing that land, was separated from Monroe.

    ⁴—Warwick is on the west side of the Hudson, fifty-four miles north of New York City. It's the heart of the "Black Dirt Region," known for two highly prized products sticking out of the dirt: Onions and mastodons. The wide flat valleys were once a glacial lake, which became a swamp and later dried, leaving its rich black dirt. Decomposition was slow under the muck without oxygen, so mastodon bones can still be easily found. Farmers found the rich organic soil was perfect for onions (the region still grows an amazing 25% of the nation's onions). This area, known as "Wawayanda" by the Minsis, after the winding stream and its adjacent land—approximately 150,000 to 194,000 acres—was secured from from 12 Minsi (Munsee) Indian chiefs in the early 1700s for $350, whiskey, cloth, and trinkets. SOURCE: History of Orange County, New York: 1683-1881, by E.M. Ruttenber and L.H. Clark. Published by Everts and Peck, Philadelphia, PA, USA. 1881.

    ⁵—A Short History of the Warwick Valley, Extracted from Dr. Richard Hull's History of Warwick and Other Local History Sources, by Sue Gardner, July 1999.

    SOURCES FOR THIS PAGE:

    • 1775 Orange County Assessment Roll, Page 567; Reprinted by Heart of the Lakes Publishing, Interlaken, NY, 1980, available in three volumes including a full name index from the Orange Co. Genealogical Society, 101 Main Street, Goshen, NY 10924. Ruttenber & Clark comment about the importance of the 1775 Assessment Roll as an early record of the country history, especially given the destructive fire which consumed the town clerk's office in 1842.
    • Pictorial Field Book of the Revolution, Volume I, by Benson J. Lossing. 1850. CHAPTER XXXII
    • Ramapo Lutheran Church Records, 1750-1817 in Proceedings of the New Jersey Historical Society, Vol. VIII, No. 1 (April 1913), p. 9
    • People of the Valleys Revisited: History of Warwick, New York, 1700-2005, by Richard W Hull, Royal Fireworks Press, 2005.
    • NYC Luth Church Burials (NYG beg. Jan. 1974)
    • Tappan Baptisms
    • First Communions, NYC Luth Ch. (NYG beg. Jan. 1973)
    • Clarkstown Baptisms
    • Jones, Henry Z, Jr., The Palatine Families of New Yor, 1985, Vol. I, p. 350
    • "Baptisms in the Lutheran Church, New York City" in NYG Record, July 1969, p. 166
    • Information online Jan 2009, Dutch-Colonies List, from James Brady
    • Mrs. Alberta Spaid Reeder- Canoga, Seneca Co. New York
    • Mrs. Josephine Gregory- 500 S Los Robles #320- Pasadena, CA. 91101
    • Mrs, Charles Parker- 6286 Tower Ave. E. Lansing, MI. 48823
    • Mrs. Alma Hawes (Lincoln) - 314 W. Main St. , Whitewater, Wis. 53190
    • Hopeful Journeys: German Immigration, Settlement, and Political Culture in Colonial America, 1717-1775 (Early American Studies), by Aaron Spencer Fogleman. Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press (February 1, 1996).
    • History of Rockland County, New York, With Biographical Sketches of Its Prominent Men, by Cole, David. Publisher: J. B. Beers & Co, New York. 1884.
    • Pioneer Families of Orange County, New York, compiled by Martha and Bill Reamy. Finksburg, Md. Pipe Creek Publications, c1993.
    • The Revolutionary War in the Hackensack Valley: the Jersy Dutch and Neutral Ground, by Leiby, Adrian C. Published by Rutgers University Press. 1962
    • Ridgewood, Bergan County, New Jersey, Past and Present, by the Citizens Semi-Centennial Association, Ridgewood, N.J. Publisher: Ridgewood, N.J., Citizens semi-centennial association. 1916.
    • The Reformed Church In America, "Struggle For Eccesiastical Independence" (1708-1792). Pages 102-117
    • Records of the Linlithgo Reformed Church, Livingston, Columbia, New York. Transcribed by Arthur C. M. Kelly, by the Reformed Church. Publication: (Rhinebeck, NY, Kinship, 1970)
    • Baptismal Record of the Tappan Reformed Church, Regular Congregation, Tappen, Rockland, New York. FHL Microfilm #1016876. Microfilm of Cole Transcript of Tappan & Clarkstown, Reformed Church. One more possibility: Catharina Haus. b. 24 Dec 1751; Christening: 19 Jan 1752 Reformed Church, Tappen, Rockland, New York; Baptism: Baptism of Catharina Haus 19 Jan 1752 Reformed Church, Tappen, Rockland, New York. Sponsors were Jan Smit and Rachel [Compiler - Wheeler], his wife. Parents listed as Johannes Haas and Sara Wilkissen
    • Ramapough Mountain Indians: People, Places and Cultural Traditions, by Edward J.Lenik; Ringwood, NJ: North Jersey Highlands Historical Society, 2011; pp. 1-4
    • History of Montgomery Classis, by W.N.P. Dailey, 1916. "While the Holland Dutch first came to the New World in 1609, and at once established their church and school, it is noteworthy that all elements of the Reformed Churches of the American continent-from France and Switzerland, and the German Palatinate-the churches of the Reformed faith established in Virginia (at times meaning the Atlantic coast lands), and Maryland, and Pennsylvania-all turned to the Classis of Amsterdam (Holland) for men and money."
    • Charles R. Hause- 532 Lange Court- Libertyville, IL. 60048, or: 1216 Charles Dr. , Shawnee, OK. 74801 Dec. 18,1981
    • Will of John Haus of Warwick, Orange Co. N.Y. Probated Sept. 5, 1796

    CHAPTER 1: THE LEGEND OF JOHN (JOHANNES) HAUSE (1690-?)

    CHAPTER 2: JOHN HAUSE (HAWS) (1719-1794)

    CHAPTER 3: WILLIAM E. HAUSE (1750-1818)

    CHAPTER 4: JOHN HAUSE (1773-1844) AND WESTERN NEW YORK

    CHAPTER 5: AUGUSTUS HAUSE (1804-1875) AND THE ERIE CANAL

    CHAPTER 6: THE HAUSE FAMILY IN THE CIVIL WAR

    CHAPTER 7: LABAN AUGUSTUS HAUSE (1831-1906)

    CHAPTER 8: FRANK AUGUSTUS HAUSE (1867-1951)

    CHAPTER 9: TWENTIETH CENTURY MICHIGAN

    CHAPTER 10: CARLISLE HAUSE (1891-1972)

    CHAPTER 11: THE GREAT DEPRESSION

    CHAPTER 12: CARLETON MARCHANT HAUSE (1917-1983)

    CHAPTER 13: AFTERWARD - THE TWENTY-FIRST CENTURY

    APPENDIX #1: HAUSE FAMILY TIMELINE

    APPENDIX #2: HAUSE FAMILY BIBLES

    APPENDIX #3: WILLIAM HAUSE GENEALOGY

    borders
    "From Newborough (Newburgh) to Fort Lee, No. 36" by Robert Erskine, Washington's map maker during the war. This military topographic map covers Orange and Rockland Counties in New York and Bergen, Passaic, Morris and Essex Counties in New Jersey. Erskine drew several maps of the Warwick area and its strategic points. This one shows Wickham's Pond, where John Hause was listed in the 1775 Warwick census. Collection of the New York Historical Society.