We first read of the Mammel family as the Hapsburgs of Austria gained control of central Europe (then the center of the Holy Roman Empire). The Hapsburgs would rule almost continuously into the 1800's, and the Mammels were very active politically in the area.
The first Mammel in our line who we have a record of, MARTIN MAMMEL, was born between 1470 and 1480 in Kuppingen (near Herrenberg), in Boblingen, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany. The Mammels would make this village their home base for the next 400 years, and many can still be found there today.
Martin Mammel was registered as a farmer in 1500, and was still known to be living in Kuppingen in the year 1525.
His son, HANS MAMMEL (1500 - 1560), was born in Kuppingen. He became one of the richest residents of the town. In 1549, his estate was said to be worth 1200 gulden, which was about 4 times as much as the richest farmers. He was appointed to the town council (court) in 1525.
Hans had at least two children:
HANS MAMMEL II (Abt. 1525 - 19 Mar 1581/82) was born in Kuppingen. Not much is known about him, except that he married a woman named URSULA (d. 08 Apr 1613) and they had at least two children:
JAKOB MAMMEL (28 Jan 1571/72 - 01 Oct 1617) married AGATA WIDMAYER (b. 16 Nov 1571). They had a son, JAKOB MAMMEL II (23 Apr 1611 - 05 Dec 1689) who married KATHARINA SCHERER (b. 16 July in Kuppingen).
HANS MAMMEL fathered his namesake, HANS MAMMEL II (1709 - 1783), a baker and a member of the Kuppingen law court. He married ANNA MARIA BINDER.
GOTTLIEB FREDERICK MAMMEL (14 Jun 1803 - 14 Mar 1877) was born in Kuppingen, Württemberg, Germany. He married EVA CATHARINA SCHMID on April 27, 1830 in Kuppingen. She was the daughter of JAKOB SCHMID and JOHANNA WOLPOLD. Eva was born December 06, 1806 in Affstätt, Württemberg, Germany, and died September 13, 1842 in Kuppingen.¹ They had three children:
Apparently Gottlieb's luck was bad enough that he decided to leave Kuppingen, the family's home town for 400 years. He came to Washtenaw County, Michigan. The Bethel Church in Freedom township has Gottlieb's signature on its constitution.
From a Sebewaing Township article: "And so it was that, toward the middle of the last century, many immigrants from Germany settled in and around Ann Arbor in Washtenaw County. It was from among these that Sebewaing received its early settlers.
"It was in the summer of 1851 that a group of 45 people from that area came to seek opportuity in a new frontier. They had moved in on the advice of the Rev. John J. F. Auch, first white settler, who in 1845 had been sent here by the Lutheran church at Ann Arbor as a missionary to the indians. In his movements about the neighborhood he had noted the superior type of clay loam soil and visioned the opening of a great farming area here. Frederick Ziegler, coming in 1849, was the first to follow. Mr. Auch, and his brother John followed three months later.
"The 45 men, women and children, with their meager belongings consisting of clothing, bedding and some food supplies, came up from Detroit on the ship called Julia Smith the first Monday in April A.D. 1853. Following is a list of the men who participated in this first meeting; Christian Augh, Frederick Schilling, Gottfried Beck, John Muellerweiss, Frederick Luckhard, Frederick Ziegler, John G. Baur, Andrew Auch, Jacob Roller, Peter Schairer, Jacob F. Fuehle, Andrew Volz, Jacob F. Armbruster, John Strieter, Jacob R. Streiter, Martin Gremel, John Ziegler and Gottfried Mammel."
The couple brought Gottlieb's three children to Americaand had four more:
His daughter SALMA KATE MAMMEL, (with WILLIAM GRIEB, shown below) was born in Freedom Township. Her parents moved to Sebewaing, Huron County, when she was four years old, where she "played with the Indians in the thumb area of Michigan when she was a child." The family remained there until she was 17, when they moved to Scio township.
Carl (Charles) Grieb and Catherine Mammel were attendents at Wilhelm and Salome's wedding at Zion Lutheran on Rogers Corners. They had the following children:
THE MAMMEL FAMILY:
TEN YEARS OF SEARCHING FOR A FAMILY ON THE MOVE
by Marti Wenk Hause
In the 1940's and 50's, my father and I drove by the old abandoned house on the corner of Scio Church and Fletcher Rd, beside the farm she and her husband, WILLIAM GRIEB, lived in after their marriage during the late 1800's.
By the time that I started trying to research the Mammel familyover a Century laterall that anybody in my family could seem to remember of Salome was her name. So when my husband, Carl, and I visited Chelsea from our home in California, where we have resided since 1961, we took my mother Dorothy Pritchard Wenk to the Manchester Library, and found The History of Washtenaw County, which had the following biography of Salome's husband, William:
"William Grieb, farmer, Lima tp., was born in Württemberg, Germany Jan 5, 1838. He is the son of Michael and Elizabeth Grieb. He came to America with his father and brother in 1855, and settled in Ann Arbor, where his brother John Michael, worked for about six years. About this time his mother came to this country and bought a farm in Freedom tp. March 14, 1873, he married Salome Mammel, born in Freedom tp in 1848. Her parents came into Scio tp when she was four years old, and remained until she was 17, when they removed to Freedom tp again. They have a family of 4 childrenCatherine, Charles, Frank and an infant. Mr. Grieb is a member of the Lutheran Church, and a successful farmer. His parents were members of the same denomination. His father died in 1861 and his mother Feb 6, 1880." (This was taken from History of Washtenaw County)
I finally found a record of the family in the 1850 Census of Freedom Township, Washtenaw County, listed as family number 14:
Godlep Mammel age 47
Margaret age 39
Margaret 4 (Margaret is not found again in any census)
Caroline is also listed in 1850 Lodi Census (Washtenaw County) as a servant on the Booth Farm with Norman Burgess Line 31 (they later married.
Virgil Booth 47
Phobe jame 16
Norman Burgess 21
Jacob Huber 26
Caroline Mamell 19
We were finally starting to put together a clearer family history. But I still had more questions than answers. I didn't know the names of Salome's parentsin fact, a search of the indexes for Washtenaw County did not show the Mammel name at all. And, most perplexingly, Washtenaw County was a German settlement... so where did the story that had so intrigued me as a childabout Salome "growing up with the Indians" fit in? Whatever records there had been seemed to have dissipated like smoke signals.
However, there was still some hope: My uncle, Norman Wenk, said he knew of a man with the last name of Mammel living in Chelsea. With Norman's introduction, I met Fred Mammel, who revealed that he was descended from a man named P. Jakob Mammelbut to my disappointment, his family was actually from the Sebewaing area, not Washtenaw County, and he never even heard of anyone in the family named Salome. I had hit a brick wall...
... But afterwards, I talked to Norman and my other uncle, Ernie Wenk, and upon reflection they said that there actually might be a Sebewaing connection to our family, as they remembered driving to Sebewaing with the Cannehls once, when they were young. Unfortunately our vacation time was up, and we had to return home.
Upon arriving back in California, I used the new information that I'd obtained to continued my research, and it led me to the Wuerttemberg Emigration Index, Volume Three (P 129), where I found:
Mammel, Gotlieb Fredrich and F(amily):
Birth place Kuppingen
Application Date: Feb 1847
Destination: North America
I compared this information with the papers that Fred Mammel had given me & and there were P. Jakob and Phillip Jakob with the same birthdates!!!!! Wowa connectionand a new cousin named Fred, as well. Since Salome had been born after the family arrived in America, she was not listed in the Emigration Index. But now I knew I had the names of her parents. I phoned my "new relative" in Chelsea to let him know that his P. Jakob was actually half brother to my Great Grandmother Salome. It turned out that Fred's branch of Mammels was not aware that Gott was a part of their family.
He is listed as one of the first families that owned land that had previously been Indian land in the 1850's. So then I found Gottlieb in 1860 in Sebewaing. Indian country! A connection!
1860 Line 508 Dwelling 499, Huron County, Sebewaing Township:
Gotllieb Mammel 55 Farmer Germany
Barbara Mammel 42
Soloman Mammel 12 (Salome)
Catherine Mammel 4
In Stollsteimers Washtenaw County Relatives I found in 1874 in Scio Township Mammel (no initial) in Section 29 with 40 acres. Back to the Census line by line I found:
1870 Census Washtenaw County, Scio Township Line 418 Dwelling 426 Page 360 July 29, 1870
Gottlieb Mammel 72 M W Farmer 2300 1000 Wuertemberg 1 1
Barbara 52 F W Keeping House "" 1 1
Sally 21 F W At home Michigan 1 1
Kate 15 f W At home Michigan 1 1
Frederick 9 m w attending school Michigan 1 1
In 1870 Livingston County Michigan Putnam township line 102:
Norman Burgess 61
Martha E 11
Catherine Mammel 15 (youngest sister of Caroline counted in census twice)
Then at the Library in Ann Arbor, my mother found in an old cemetery index that listed a Gott Mammel with his birth date and death date, buried in Manchester. So I contacted the Manchester cemetery & but they had no record of the burial! So where did the dates in the index come from? They coincided with Census records and Württemberg records!!! Finally in 2008, Karen Jenner found his burial record in the Potter's field section of Manchester cemetery.
I checked the Manchester census line by line & andfinallythere it was! 1880 US Census Washtenaw County, Manchester Township Anna Mammel (lines) 105, 107, 60 Frederick 20 Son Farm labor. I contacted the Emanuel Church in Manchester and they had funeral records for Gott in 1877. They also said that Bethel Church in Freedom Township had membership records for Gottlieb in the 1850's.
But now that I had finally uncovered my great, great-grandfather, I wanted to know more about his intriguing pioneer family. I typed "Mammel" into every search engine on the Internet and finally came up with a book titled The Mammel Family that was listed in a Kansas library. I then contacted the library for more information and they gave me the email address of its author in Canada. Through him, I was then able to connect with Mammel descendents who emigrated 50 years later to Canada and Minnesota. They had a family tree from a retired professor with the last name of Mammel in Germany. He was curious about Mammel name and researched the male descendents back to into three family trees from 1470. Through his family tree outline I was finally able to find the name of Gottlieb's fatherand his father, and so onback over 500 years.
The Mammel family continues to grow in my files: John Mammel, another half brother of Salome, was in the D 12 Michigan Infantry Company D and 70 Co., 2 Batt.'n Veteran Res Corps 12 Mich Inf. Civil War. Then in 1880 he lived near Gypsum Creek, McPherson, Kansas according to NA film number T9 0387 Page no. 444A. I applied for civil war papers and John's wife was the Frances French/Mammel who appears in the census with her mother, stepfather and siblings in Manchester, Washtenaw County. She later became a physician in Kansas. His widow applied for Pension from Kansas.
In Salome's obituary in 1932, which I found in Chelsea Standard microfilm at the Chelsea Library, it lists a sister Catherine as a survivor living in St Catherine's, Ontario. I found a Joseph Koch with wife Catherine and son Ina in the St Catherine's Census. My husband Carl and I visited the St Catherine's Ontario library in October of 2008 and discovered that Joseph was a butcher, and his son Ina never married -- so that line disappeared.
I have also talked with a descendent of Johannes Mammel in Denver, who is a physician that graduated from the University of Michigan, without ever knowing his family's Michigan connections!
We have also visited with some of Phillip Jakob's descendents who still live in the Sebewaing area!
I also connected with Caroline Mammel Burgess' great, great grandson, Daniel Hendee, but he could not provide any information on the Mammel family.
There were two Gott Mammel's that migrated to Washtenaw County one in the 1830's. The other one is listed in Salem Lutheran Church marriage records and could have lived in Lima Township where Gottlieb and Anna Barbara Renz Mammel resided in after returning to Washtenaw after Sebewaing.
Finally, I was contacted by a person in Germany who confirmed that Anna Barbara's last name was indeed Renz. I have not been able to connect any other Renz Washtenaw county relatives, although other Renz's are in the early and current Bethel Church records. My husband and I took a Rhine Cruise and were able to meet with distant Mammel relatives in Kuppingen, near Stuttgart. What a thrill. Some U.S. lines use the Mammel (as in mammal) pronunciation while others pronounce it Mummelwhich is the German way.
Although I should never say "finally" with this amazing family. Their jorney from the aristocracy in Germany across the ocean to Washtenaw County, to, yes, "playing with the Indians," has been a continuing history lesson.
--Marti Wenk Hause, Vista, California
TOP PHOTO: Martha Wenk-Hause and husband Carleton Marchant Hause, Jr., at the Kuppingen Church.
¹Information provided on January 20, 2010 from Horst Hemminger (firstname.lastname@example.org) of Remseck, Germany
LITERATURE ON THE MAMMELS